October 2003 - Philippine Supreme Court Decisions/Resolutions
[G.R. No. 155717. October 23, 2003.]
ALBERTO JARAMILLA, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ANTONIO SUYAT, MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF STA. CRUZ, ILOCOS SUR, THE NEW MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS (COMELEC), AND IRENEO CORTEZ, Respondents.
D E C I S I O N
The antecedent facts, as summarized in the COMELEC resolution, 2 are as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
[Respondent] Antonio Suyat and [petitioner] Alberto J. Jaramilla both ran for the position of Member of the Sangguniang Bayan in the Municipality of Sta. Cruz, Ilocos Sur in the May 14, 2001 elections.
On May 16, 2001, the Municipal Board of Canvassers of Sta. Cruz, proclaimed the winning candidates for the offices of Mayor, Vice-Mayor and eight (8) members of the Sangguniang Bayan. The Certificate of Canvass of Votes and Proclamation shows the following results and ranking with respect to the members of the Sangguniang Bayan, to wit:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
Name of Candidates Total Votes Obtained
1. RAGUCOS, Ma. Luisa Laxamana 6,324
2. ABAYA, Juan Jr., Andaquig 6,013
3. GINES, Fidel Cudiamat 5,789
4. QUILOP, Renato Avila 5,227
5. BILIGAN, Osias Depdepen 5,130
6. RUIZ, Agustin Turgano 4,972
7. JARAMILLA, Alberto Jimeno 4,815
8. CORTEZ, Ireneo Habon 4,807
In the tabulated results issued by the Election Officer and Chairperson of the Municipal Board of Canvassers of Sta. Cruz, it is shown that [respondent Suyat] obtained Four thousand seven hundred seventy nine (4,779) votes and was ranked no. 9.
Upon review by [respondent Suyat], he discovered that [petitioner] was credited with only twenty three (23) votes per Election Return from Precinct No. 34A1. However, when the figures were forwarded to the Statement of Votes by Precinct, [petitioner] was credited with seventy three (73) votes for Precinct No. 34A1 or fifty (50) votes more than what he actually obtained. If the entry were to be corrected, the affected candidates would be ranked as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
7. CORTEZ, Ireneo Habon 4,807
8. SUYAT, Antonio 4,779
9. JARAMILLA, Alberto 4,765
On June 13, 2001, respondent Suyat filed before the COMELEC en banc an Urgent Motion for Issuance of Order to Reconvene, 3 which the latter treated as a Petition for Correction of Manifest Error. Petitioner countered in his Answer 4 that said petition should be dismissed for having been filed out of time and for lack of the required certification of non-forum shopping.
On October 24, 2002, COMELEC en banc issued the assailed resolution, the dispositive portion of which reads: 5
WHEREFORE, premises considered, the Motion/Petition is hereby GRANTED. The proclamation of Respondent ALBERTO J. JARAMILLA [herein petitioner] is ANNULLED. A New Municipal Board of Canvassers is hereby created composed of the following:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
Atty. NELIA AUREUS — Chairman
Atty. MICHAEL D. DIONEDA — Vice Chairman
Atty. ALLEN FRANCIS F. ABAYA — Member
The New Board is hereby directed to immediately convene at the Comelec Session Hall, Intramuros, Manila, after due notice to parties and effect a correction in the entry in the Statement of Votes by Precinct particularly the votes for Respondent Alberto Jaramilla [herein petitioner], who should be credited with twenty three (23) votes only. Thereafter, the New Board shall prepare a corrected Certificate of Canvass and Proclamation on the basis of the New Statement of Votes and proclaim the Petitioner [herein private respondent Suyat] as the eighth (8th) Board Member of Sta. Cruz, Ilocos Sur. Mr. Ireneo Habon Cortez shall be declared the 7th Municipal Board Member. The New Board shall use the Comelec copies of the election returns and Statement of Votes pertaining to the instant case.
Hence the present recourse by petitioner anchored on the following grounds:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
I. THAT THE COMMISSION ON ELECTION ERRED IN NOT DISMISSING THE CASE CONSIDERING THAT THE PETITION FILED BEFORE THE COMELEC WAS FILED BEYOND THE PRESCRIPTIVE PERIOD AS SET FORTH IN THE COMELEC RULES OF PROCEDURE.
II. THAT THE COMMISSION ON ELECTION ERRED IN GIVING DUE COURSE TO THE PETITION INSTEAD OF DISMISSING IT CONSIDERING THAT THE PETITION LACKED A CERTIFICATION AGAINST FORUM-SHOPPING.
III. THAT THE COMMISSION ON ELECTION ERRED IN NOT DISMISSING THE CASE FOR FAILURE TO PAY THE DOCKET OR FILING FEE ON TIME. 6
Before discussing the merits, although not raised in the petition, the Court deems it appropriate to discuss the jurisdiction of the COMELEC en banc in election cases. Article IX-C of the Constitution states in part that:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
Sec. 3. The Commission on Elections may sit en banc or in two divisions, and shall promulgate its rules of procedure in order to expedite disposition of election cases, including pre-proclamation controversies. All such election cases shall be heard and decided in division, provided that motions for reconsideration of decisions shall be decided by the Commission en banc. 7
As stated in the provision, and in line with the Court’s recent pronouncement in Milla v. Balmores-Laxa, 8 election cases including pre-proclamation controversies should first be heard and decided by a division of the COMELEC, and then by the commission en banc if a motion for reconsideration of the division is filed.
It must be noted however that this provision applies only in cases where the COMELEC exercises its adjudicatory or quasi-judicial powers, and not when it merely exercises purely administrative functions. This doctrine was laid out in Castromayor v. COMELEC, 9 and reiterated in subsequent cases. 10 Accordingly, when the case demands only the exercise by the COMELEC of its administrative functions, such as the correction of a manifest mistake in the addition of votes or an erroneous tabulation in the statement of votes, the COMELEC en banc can directly act on it in the exercise of its constitutional function to decide questions affecting elections. 11
The Petition for Correction of Manifest Errors in the case at bar alleges an erroneous copying of figures from the election return to the Statement of Votes by Precinct. Such an error in the tabulation of the results, which merely requires a clerical correction without the necessity of opening ballot boxes or examining ballots, demands only the exercise of the administrative power of the COMELEC. Hence, the Commission en banc properly assumed original jurisdiction over the aforesaid petition.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary
Now we proceed to the merits of the case.
Petitioner bewails the fact that the COMELEC took cognizance of respondent Suyat’s petition for correction despite its having been filed beyond the 5-day reglementary period fixed in the COMELEC Rules of Procedure and its lack of certification against forum-shopping. 12
Petitioner overlooks the fact that the COMELEC has the discretion to suspend its rules or any portion thereof in the interest of justice. Section 4, Rule 1 of the COMELEC Rules expressly provides that:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
SEC. 4. Suspension of the Rules. — In the interest of justice and in order to obtain speedy disposition of all matters pending before the commission, these rules or any portion thereof may be suspended by the Commission.
The COMELEC therefore has authority to suspend the reglementary periods provided by the rules, or the requirement of certification of non-forum shopping for that matter, in the interest of justice and speedy resolution of the cases before it. 13
Petitioner next points out respondent Suyat’s omission to pay the prescribed filing fees.
As correctly pointed out by the Office of the Solicitor General, the COMELEC is not constrained to dismiss a case before it by reason of non-payment of filing fees. 14 Section 18, Rule 40 the COMELEC Rules of Procedure states:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
SEC. 18. Nonpayment of Prescribed Fees. — If the fees above prescribed are not paid, the Commission may refuse to take action thereon until they are paid and may dismiss the action or the proceeding. 15
The use of the word "may" in the aforecited provision readily shows that the COMELEC is conferred the discretion whether to entertain the petition or not in case of non-payment of legal fees. 16 And even if it were not afforded such discretion, as discussed above, it is authorized to suspend its rules or any portion thereof in the interest of justice. 17
It is noteworthy that petitioner only raised issues on the foregoing technicalities, without questioning the COMELEC’s finding of manifest error in the tabulation of votes. Even at the COMELEC stage, his denial in his Answer 18 was unsubstantiated by any rebuttal evidence to disprove the submitted photocopies of the election returns and statement of votes, which clearly showed the erroneous addition of 50 votes in his favor. The COMELEC’s unquestioned findings of fact are therefore sustained. The Court reiterates that factual findings of the COMELEC based on its own assessments and duly supported by evidence, are given conclusive weight in the absence of arbitrariness or grave abuse of discretion. 19
Laws governing election contests must be liberally construed to the end that the will of the people in the choice of public officials may not be defeated by mere technical objections. 20 Adherence to technicality that would put a stamp on a palpably void proclamation, with the inevitable result of frustrating the people’s will, can never be countenanced. 21
WHEREFORE, finding no grave abuse of discretion committed by public respondent COMELEC, its Resolution en banc dated October 24, 2002 is AFFIRMED. The petition is DISMISSED.
No pronouncement as to costs.
SO ORDERED.cralaw : red
Davide, Jr., C.J., Bellosillo, Puno, Vitug, Panganiban, Quisumbing, Sandoval-Gutierrez, Carpio, Austria-Martinez, Corona, Carpio Morales, Callejo, Sr. and Tinga, JJ., concur.
Ynares-Santiago, J., on official leave.
1. Filed under Rule 64 in relation to Rule 65 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure.
2. Rollo, pp. 36-37.
3. Id., at 46-48.
4. Id., at 57-63.
5. Id., at 43-44.
6. Id., at 9-10.
7. Emphasis supplied.
8. G.R. No. 151216, July 18, 2003.
9. 250 SCRA 298 (1995).
10. Baytan v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 153945, February 4, 2003; O’hara v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 148941-42, March 12, 2002; Canicosa v. COMELEC, 282 SCRA 512 (1997).
11. Canicosa v. COMELEC, supra, note 10 citing Castromayor v. COMELEC, supra, note 9.
12. Section 5(2), Rule 27 of the 1993 COMELEC RULES OF PROCEDURE provides:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library
Sec. 5. Pre-proclamation Controversies Which May Be Filed Directly With the Commission. —x x x
(b) . . . If the petition is for correction, it must be filed not later than five (5) days following the date of proclamation and must implead all candidates who may be adversely affected thereby.
13. Barot v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 149147, June 18, 2003.
14. Rollo, p. 89.
15. Emphasis supplied.
16. Sunga v. COMELEC, 288 SCRA 76 (1998); Barot v. COMELEC, supra, note 13.
17. Barot v. COMELEC, supra, note 13.
18. Rollo, p. 59.
19. Alvarez v. COMELEC, 353 SCRA 434 (2001).
20. Tatlonghari v. COMELEC, 199 SCRA 849 (1991).
21. Milla v. Balmores-Laxa, supra, note 8.