ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
October-2003 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.M. No. P-02-1548 October 1, 2003 - ROBERT E. VILLAROS v. RODOLFO ORPIANO

  • A.M. Nos. P-03-1697 & P-03-1699 October 1, 2003 - JOCELYN S. PAISTE v. APRONIANO V. MAMENTA

  • G.R. Nos. 133066-67 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO H. LAMBID

  • G.R. No. 137554 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHN MAMARION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148198 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELIZABETH CORPUZ

  • G.R. Nos. 150630-31 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JAIME OLAYBAR

  • G.R. No. 152176 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGER D. DELA CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 154130 October 1, 2003 - BENITO ASTORGA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 156034 October 1, 2003 - DELSAN TRANSPORT LINES, INC. v. C & A CONSTRUCTION, INC.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1803 October 2, 2003 - VICTOR A. ASLARONA v. ANTONIO T. ECHAVEZ

  • G.R. No. 128882 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOEL AYUDA

  • G.R. No. 145337 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEE HOI MING

  • G.R. No. 150382 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDDIE BASITE

  • A.C. No. 6061 October 3, 2003 - RAUL C. SANCHEZ v. SALUSTINO SOMOSO

  • A.M. MTJ-00-1311 October 3, 2003 - SILVESTRE H. BELLO III v. AUGUSTUS C. DIAZ, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1547 October 3, 2003 - LEOPOLDO V. CAÑETE v. NELSON MANLOSA

  • A.M. No. P-02-1550 October 3, 2003 - AMELIA L. AVELLANOSA v. JOSE Z. CAMASO

  • G.R. No. 118375 October 3, 2003 - CELESTINA T. NAGUIAT v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122134 October 3, 2003 - ROMANA LOCQUIAO VALENCIA, ET AL. v. BENITO A. LOCQUIAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143388 October 6, 2003 - SPS. ROLANDO and ROSITA CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146569 October 6, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHN NEQUIA

  • A.M. Nos. P-03-1744–45 October 7, 2003 - FE ALBANO MADRID v. ANTONIO T. QUEBRAL

  • G.R. No. 135377 October 7, 2003 - DSR-SENATOR LINES, ET AL. v. FEDERAL PHOENIX ASSURANCE CO., INC.

  • G.R. No. 149453 October 7, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL. v. PANFILO M. LACSON

  • G.R. No. 149717 October 7, 2003 - EASTERN ASSURANCE & SURETY CORP. v. LTFRB

  • G.R. No. 155258 October 7, 2003 - CONRADO S. CANO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • A.C. No. 4881 October 8, 2003 - RAU SHENG MAO v. ANGELES A. VELASCO

  • G.R. No. 120864 October 8, 2003 - MANUEL T. DE GUIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136845 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GUILLERMO FLORENDO

  • G.R. No. 145166 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO ROMERO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146118 October 8, 2003 - SAMUEL SAMARCA v. ARC-MEN INDUSTRIES, INC.

  • G.R. Nos. 148056-61 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE DE CASTRO

  • G.R. No. 149420 October 8, 2003 - SONNY LO v. KJS ECO-FORMWORK SYSTEM PHIL., INC.

  • G.R. No. 152776 October 8, 2003 - HENRY S. OAMINAL v. PABLITO M. CASTILLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 153751 October 8, 2003 - MID PASIG LAND DEVELOPMENT CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154579 October 8, 2003 - MA. LOURDES R. DE GUZMAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • A.M. No. P-96-1179 October 10, 2003 - WINSTON C. CASTELO v. CRISTOBAL C. FLORENDO

  • G.R. No. 110604 October 10, 2003 - BUENAVENTURA S. TENORIO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140917 October 10, 2003 - MENELIETO A. OLANDA v. LEONARDO G. BUGAYONG, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1640 October 13, 2003 - SAAD ANJUM v. CESAR L. ABACAHIN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122765 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGARDO L. VARGAS

  • G.R. No. 141942 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY PONCE JAMON

  • G.R. No. 143842 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANGI L. ADAM

  • G.R. No. 144662 October 13, 2003 - SPS. EFREN AND DIGNA MASON, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-02-1459 October 14, 2003 - IMELDA Y. MADERADA v. ERNESTO H. MEDIODEA

  • A.M. No. P-03-1674 October 14, 2003 - PABLO B. FRANCISCO v. OLIVIA M. LAUREL

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1805 October 14, 2003 - TEODORA A. RUIZ v. ROLANDO G. HOW

  • G.R. No. 153157 October 14, 2003 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES v. ARTHUR B. TONGSON

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1697 October 15, 2003 - EUGENIO K. CHAN v. JOSE S. MAJADUCON

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1699 October 15, 2003 - VERNETTE UMALI-PACO, ET AL. v. REINATO G. QUILALA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1808 October 15, 2003 - RADELIA SY, ET AL. v. ANTONIO FINEZA

  • G.R. Nos. 123144, 123207 & 123536 October 15, 2003 - PABLO P. BURGOS, ET AL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126119 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. GILDO B. PELOPERO PNP

  • G.R. No. 130662 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERGIO ABON

  • G.R. No. 138364 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGELIO VILLANUEVA

  • G.R. No. 142381 October 15, 2003 - PHILIPPINE BLOOMING MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142595 October 15, 2003 - RACHEL C. CELESTIAL v. JESSE CACHOPERO

  • G.R. Nos. 148139-43 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HERMENIO CANOY

  • G.R. No. 156273 October 15, 2003 - HEIRS OF TIMOTEO MORENO, ET AL. v. MACTAN-CEBU INT’L. AIRPORT AUTHORITY

  • A.M. No. SCC-00-6-P October 16, 2003 - RE: Ma. Corazon M. Molo

  • A.M. No. P-02-1592 October 16, 2003 - LUZITA ALPECHE v. EXPEDITO B. BATO

  • G.R. No. 141074 October 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NORLY LIBRADO

  • G.R. No. 144881 October 16, 2003 - BETTY T. CHUA v. ABSOLUTE MNGT. CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 147650-52 October 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO S. PEPITO

  • G.R. No. 152492 October 16, 2003 - PALMA DEVELOPMENT CORP. v. MUN. OF MALANGAS

  • G.R. Nos. 153991-92 October 16, 2003 - ANWAR BERUA BALINDONG v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-01-1475 October 17, 2003 - MANUEL R. AQUINO v. JOCELYN C. FERNANDEZ

  • G.R. No. 131399 October 17, 2003 - ANGELITA AMPARO GO v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 133759-60 October 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEONITO LORENZO

  • G.R. Nos. 148673-75 October 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORENCIO R. ABANILLA

  • G.R. No. 150286 October 17, 2003 - ELCEE FARMS, INC., ET AL. v. PAMPILO SEMILLANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142885 October 22, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLIAM TIU, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1368 October 23, 2003 - JOSE GODOFREDO M. NAUI v. MARCIANO C. MAURICIO, SR.

  • G.R. No. 120409 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLIAMSON PICKRELL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120670 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HEDISHI SUZUKI

  • G.R. No. 125689 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO SATIOQUIA

  • G.R. No. 127153 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SATUR G. APOSAGA

  • G.R. No. 132788 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAIAS FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134485 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. OSCAR PEREZ

  • G.R. Nos. 134573-75 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE BINARAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136849 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NESTOR A. CODERES

  • G.R. No. 138456 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO P. DEDUYO

  • G.R. No. 140247 October 23, 2003 - ALEX ASUNCION, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143252 October 23, 2003 - CEBU MARINE BEACH RESORT, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 146368-69 October 23, 2003 - MADELEINE MENDOZA-ONG v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146608 October 23, 2003 - SPS. CONSTANTE & AZUCENA FIRME v. BUKAL ENTERPRISES AND DEV’T. CORP.

  • G.R. No. 147369 October 23, 2003 - SPS. PATRICK and RAFAELA JOSE v. SPS. HELEN and ROMEO BOYON

  • G.R. No. 147549 October 23, 2003 - JESUS DELA ROSA, ET AL. v. SANTIAGO CARLOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149149 October 23, 2003 - ERNESTO SYKI v. SALVADOR BEGASA

  • G.R. No. 149725 October 23, 2003 - OSCAR MAGNO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. Nos. 150493-95 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CIRILO MACABATA

  • G.R. No. 150946 October 23, 2003 - MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF GLAN, ET AL. v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152135 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARCOS GIALOLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152716 October 23, 2003 - ELNA MERCADO-FEHR v. BRUNO FEHR

  • G.R. Nos. 154796-97 October 23, 2003 - RAYMUNDO A. BAUTISTA v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155692 October 23, 2003 - PHIVIDEC INDUSTRIAL AUTHORITY, ET AL. v. CAPITOL STEEL CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155717 October 23, 2003 - ALBERTO JARAMILLA v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1586 October 24, 2003 - THELMA C. BALDADO v. ARNULFO O. BUGTAS

  • G.R. No. 119775 October 24, 2003 - JOHN HAY PEOPLES ALTERNATIVE COALITION, ET AL. v. VICTOR LIM, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 119847 October 24, 2003 - JENNY ZACARIAS v. NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137597 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JASON S. NAVARRO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141615 October 24, 2003 - MAC ADAMS METAL ENGINEERING WORKERS UNION-INDEPENDENT, ET AL. v. MAC ADAMS METAL ENGINEERING, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144439 October 24, 2003 - SOUTHEAST ASIA SHIPPING CORP. v. SEAGULL MARITIME CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148120 October 24, 2003 - RODRIGO QUIRAO, ET AL. v. LYDIA QUIRAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148597 October 24, 2003 - GRACE F. MUNSAYAC-DE VILLA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152285 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE OBESO

  • G.R. Nos. 152589 and 152758 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO MENDOZA

  • G.R. No. 153828 October 24, 2003 - LINCOLN L. YAO v. NORMA C. PERELLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139181 October 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY AQUINO

  • G.R. No. 143817 October 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALEJANDRO BAJAR

  • A.C. No. 5829 October 28, 2003 - DANIEL LEMOINE v. AMADEO E. BALON, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1581 October 28, 2003 - MA. CORAZON M. ANDAL v. NICOLAS A. TONGA

  • G.R. No. 134563 October 28, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DALA

  • G.R. No. 138933 October 28, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JERRYVIE D. GUMAYAO

  • G.R. No. 150540 October 28, 2003 - DIMALUB P. NAMIL, ET AL. v. COMELEC, ET AL

  • G.R. No. 155206 October 28, 2003 - GSIS v. EDUARDO M. SANTIAGO

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 143842   October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANGI L. ADAM

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 143842. October 13, 2003.]

    PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MANGI ADAM y LUMAMBAS, Appellant.

    D E C I S I O N


    CALLEJO, SR., J.:


    This is an appeal from the Decision 1 of the Regional Trial Court of Laguna (Calamba), Branch 34, convicting the appellant of violation of Section 15, Article 3 of Republic Act No. 6425, as amended, and sentencing him to reclusion perpetua.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    On May 3, 1999, an Information charging the appellant with violation of Rep. Act No. 6425, as amended, was filed with the Regional Trial Court. The accusatory portion of the Information reads:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    That on or about February 17, 1999 in the Municipality of Calamba, Province of Laguna and within the jurisdiction of this Honorable Court, the above-named accused, without any authority of law, did then there willfully, unlawfully and feloniously sell and deliver METHAMPHETAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE, otherwise known as "SHABU" weighing 200 grams, a regulated drug, to a poseur buyer for and in consideration of P2,000.00, in violation of the aforementioned law.

    CONTRARY TO LAW. 2

    On his arraignment, the accused, assisted by counsel, entered a plea of not guilty.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The Case for the Prosecution 3

    On February 17, 1999, at 2:30 p.m., a confidential informant arrived in the office of the Regional Intelligence and Investigation Division, Region 12, Camp Vicente Lim, Canlubang, Calamba, Laguna. He reported to Inspector Danilo Bugay, and told the latter about his agreement with a drug pusher, Mangi Adam y Lumambas, for the purchase of 200 grams of shabu (methamphetamine hydrochloride) for P200,000.00 at 7:30 p.m. at the Seven-Eleven Store located at Crossing, Calamba, Laguna. The confidential informant also reported that he had agreed to pay P200,000.00 to Adam upon delivery of the prohibited drug. Inspector Bugay decided to conduct a buy-bust operation and proceeded to form a team. PO3 Rey Lucido was designated to act as poseur-buyer, while SPO3 Honorio Sanchez and SPO1 Danilo Satuito were to act as back-up men. PO3 Lucido was tasked to buy 200 grams of shabu (methamphetamine hydrochloride) for P2,000.00 consisting of two genuine P1,000.00 bills 4 and boodle money tied together by a rubber band and placed in an envelope. The team also included PO3 Teodoro Cortez and SPO3 Rodelo Lareza. While PO3 Lucido was transacting the sale, the back-up men would station themselves within the vicinity. The plan was when PO3 Lucido scratched his head, the pre-arranged signal to indicate that the sale had already been consummated, the rest of the team would rush to the scene and arrest the suspect.

    PO3 Lucido affixed his initials "RL" on each of the genuine P1,000.00 bills to be used as the buy-bust money.

    At 7:00 p.m., the team, together with the confidential informant, arrived at the parking space at the 7-11 Convenience Store and Wendy’s Restaurant at the crossing in Calamba, Laguna. The police officers coordinated with the police operatives in the police outpost near the store. The back-up men positioned themselves about ten to fifteen meters from the area where PO3 Lucido and the confidential informant stationed themselves, as they waited for Adam’s arrival. The place was well-lighted. There were cars parked in the area, and some people were milling about near the stores.

    Momentarily, Adam arrived and approached the confidential informant, who forthwith introduced PO3 Lucido as the buyer of 200 grams of shabu. Adam showed PO3 Lucido a transparent plastic tea bag which contained white crystalline substances. PO3 Lucido in turn handed over the envelope containing the marked P1,000.00 bills and the boodle money to Adam, scratched his head, and identified himself as a police officer. PO3 Lucido then took the plastic bag from Adam and arrested him. The back-up men then rushed to the scene of the crime. SPO1 Satuito confiscated the two P1,000.00 bills and the boodle money from Adam.

    The police officers then brought Adam to Camp Vicente Lim on board their cars. On the way, PO3 Lucido placed his initials on the plastic transparent bag he had confiscated from Adam.

    PO3 Lucido and SPO1 Satuito executed their Joint Affidavit of Arrest. 5 Adam was subjected to a physical examination by the Regional Medical Unit and was found to be in essentially normal condition. 6

    Police Inspector Francisco Villaroman requested the PNP Regional Crime Laboratory to conduct a laboratory examination of the crystalline substances contained in the plastic transparent bag confiscated from Adam. Regional Forensic Chemist Officer Lorna R. Tria examined the crystalline substance which weighed 201.196 grams. She thereafter submitted her report stating that the said substance was found positive for methamphetamine hydrochloride. 7

    The Case for the Accused

    Adam invoked denial and alibi as his defenses. As synthesized by the trial court, the case for the accused is that:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    . . . [P]rior to his arrest, he was a security guard of the Front Liner Security Agency, Inc. assigned at Asia Text in San Cristobal, Calamba, Laguna; that on February 17, 1999, at around 2:30 in the afternoon, he was in the cockpit at Halang, Calamba, Laguna, in the company of Larry Bhots and Sanday Bhots, his fellow security guards, when arrested by SPO2 Danilo Satuito who was with three other men wearing civilian clothes; he was then brought to the camp where he was asked to reveal the identity of the person to whom he shall deliver the shabu but he replied that he did not know anything about it; that he saw the alleged shabu for first time only in court; that when charged of allegedly selling shabu, he even requested that he be examined for drug use. 8

    On June 8, 2000, the trial court rendered judgment convicting the accused of the crime charged. The decretal portion of the decision reads:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    ACCORDINGLY, this Court finds accused Mangi Adam y Lumambas GUILTY beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of Violation of Section 15, Article 3, Republic Act 6425, as amended, and hereby sentences him to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua and to pay a fine of Five Million (P5,000,000.00) Pesos.

    The 201.190 grams of shabu subject of the offense are hereby ordered confiscated and forfeited in favor of the government to be disposed of in accordance with existing rules and regulations.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    With costs against the accused.

    SO ORDERED. 9

    Adam, now appellant, assails the decision of the trial court, contending that:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    THE TRIAL COURT ERRED IN FINDING THE ACCUSED GUILTY BEYOND REASONABLE DOUBT OF DRUG-PUSHING DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE FULL AMOUNT OF THE CONSIDERATION THEREFOR WAS NEVER STATED IN COURT BY PO3 LUCIDO, THE ALLEGED POSEUR-BUYER. 10

    The appellant asserts that the evidence adduced by the prosecution falls short of the requisite quantum of evidence for his conviction of the sale of shabu (methamphetamine hydrochloride). He contends that in the Information, it appears that the poseur-buyer PO3 Rey Lucido "purchased" the shabu for the amount of P2,000.00. However, PO3 Lucido never testified on the price of the shabu. Moreover, although PO1 Satuito testified that the price of the prohibited drug was P200,000.00 and that the boodle money was placed in an envelope, the prosecution never formally offered the boodle money in evidence. The appellant also asserts that the amount of P2,000.00 stated in the Information as consideration for the 200 grams of shabu is grossly adequate. If the version of the prosecution is to be believed, the fact that the appellant did not even inspect the boodle money and verify the genuineness thereof but was content to inspect only the P1,000.00 bills after handing over 200 grams of shabu, is incredible and unworthy of belief. PO3 Lucido and PO1 Satuito’s account, that the sale of the shabu took place in the parking lot of the 7-11 Convenience Store and the Wendy’s Restaurant, a place near and visible to the police outpost is, likewise, incredible. According to the appellant, the assertion that shabu would be sold in a place so near a police outpost is contrary to ordinary human experience.

    For its part, the Office of the Solicitor General asserts that the prosecution mustered the requisite quantum of evidence to prove the sale to PO3 Lucido of shabu by the appellant for P2,000.00. It also contends that the case for the prosecution was not enfeebled by the prosecution’s failure to offer the boodle money in evidence. It contends that the failure of the appellant to first ascertain if the buy-bust money was genuine or not was due to the fact that he was arrested immediately after PO3 Lucido gave the pre-arranged signal to the back-up team. Finally, the prosecution avers that it is not uncommon for drug dealers or pushers to sell their commodities in any place including the vicinity of a police outpost. The OSG cites the ruling of this Court in People v. Herrera 11 to buttress its contention.

    The appeal is dismissed.

    We agree with the appellant that the prosecution failed to prove beyond cavil of doubt that a sale of 200 grams of shabu took place between the appellant as the seller and PO3 Lucido as the poseur-buyer for P2,000.00 Article 1, paragraph 2(o) of Republic Act No. 6425 defines the sale of illicit drugs as "the act of giving a dangerous drug, whether for money or any material consideration."cralaw virtua1aw library

    This Court has held that the elements necessary for the prosecution of illegal sale of drugs are (1) the identity of the buyer and the seller, the object, and consideration; and (2) the delivery of the thing sold and the payment therefor. 12 What is material is the proof that the transaction or sale actually took place, coupled with the presentation in Court of the corpus delicti as evidence. 13 In Roble v. Arbasa, 14 this Court held that the essential elements of a sale are the following: (a) consent or meeting of the minds, that is consent to transfer ownership in exchange for the price; (b) determinate subject matter; and (c) price certain in money or its equivalent.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    In this case, PO3 Lucido testified that after he was introduced to the appellant as the buyer of 200 grams of shabu, the latter showed to him the plastic bag containing the prohibited substance. PO3 Lucido then handed to the appellant the envelope containing the two P1,000.00 genuine bills and the boodle money. PO3 Lucido then gave the pre-arranged signal to the back-up team who rushed to the scene:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Q After the briefings and arrangements were made when you said you were to act as poseur-buyer, what did your team do?

    A We proceeded to the parking space of 711 Department Store at Crossing.

    Q Around what time?

    A At 7 o’clock in the evening.

    Q How many were you who proceeded to Crossing, Calamba, Laguna?

    A We were ten.

    Q And you said you were at Crossing, Calamba, Laguna, that evening of February 17, 1999, what happened after you arrived there together with your companions?

    A After we arrived there, a male person approached.

    Q Who was approached by this person?

    A Our confidential informant.

    Q What happened after that male person approached your confidential informant?

    A I was introduced by our confidential agent to Boy Muslim to buy 200 grams (sic).

    Q After you were introduced as the person interested in buying shabu, what happened next?

    A He showed me the plastic containing shabu.

    Q After you were shown a plastic containing shabu, what happened?

    A I handed to him one window envelope, the buy-bust money and the boodle money.

    Q And after you handed the buy-bust money and boodle money to the person who showed you a plastic containing shabu, what happened?

    A I gave the pre-arranged signal by scratching my head to indicate that the sale has been consummated. 15

    There is no evidence that PO3 Lucido talked about and agreed with the appellant on the purchase price of the shabu. There is no evidence that the appellant handed over the shabu to PO3 Lucido. As gleaned from the latter’s testimony, the appellant merely showed the bag containing the shabu and held on to it before it was confiscated by PO3 Lucido:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    FISCAL:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Q By the way, you said after you were introduced as the person interested in buying shabu, this plastic containing shabu was shown to you, what happened after that?

    A I handed to him the window envelope.

    Q How about the plastic which you said was shown to you containing shabu?

    A The shabu was never handed to me. When I saw it, I just handed the buy-bust money to the accused. 16

    There is no shred of evidence to prove that the appellant was aware that the envelope contained money. The OSG cannot rely on the ruling of this Court in People v. Herrera because in that case, the prosecution was able to prove the sale of the prohibited drug to the poseur-buyer, the delivery of the shabu to the latter and the payment of the purchase price of the shabu to the appellant therein.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    However, we find the appellant guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of attempted sale of shabu as defined in Section 21(b) of Article IV of Republic Act No. 6425 as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    SEC. 21. Attempt and Conspiracy. — The same penalty prescribed by this Act for the commission of the offense shall be imposed in case of any attempt or conspiracy to commit the same in the following cases:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    x       x       x


    (b) Sale, administration, delivery, distribution and transportation of dangerous drugs; . . .

    Thus, an attempt to sell the prohibited drug shabu is necessarily included in the crime of sale thereof; hence, the appellant may be convicted of an attempt to sell under an Information for the sale of the prohibited drug.

    The appellant intended to sell shabu and commenced by overt acts the commission of the intended crime by showing the substance to PO3 Lucido. The sale was aborted when PO3 Lucido identified himself as a police officer and placed the appellant under arrest. 17

    It was not impossible for the appellant to have transacted for the sale of shabu near a police outpost, a parking space where other persons were present. The evidence shows that the police officers had coordinated the buy-bust operation with the police operatives manning the police outpost. It is not uncommon for drug pushers to sell their commodities at any time and at any place. 18

    The appellant’s denial of the crime charge is a negative self-serving evidence. Like alibi, it cannot prevail over the positive and straightforward testimonies of the witnesses of the prosecution who are presumed to have performed their duties in accordance with law, and who have no reason to fabricate the charge against him. 19 Alibi is one of the weakest, if not the weakest defense in criminal cases. Unless clear and convincing evidence is adduced by the appellant to prove that it was physically impossible for him to have been at the situs criminis when it was committed, his alibi cannot prevail. 20 The appellant failed to prove his alibi. He relied solely on his testimony to prove his defense. He also failed to adduce corroborative evidence.

    The penalty for the crime is reclusion perpetua to death and a fine ranging from P500,000.00 to P10,000,000.00, as provided for in Section 15, Article 11, in relation to Article 12, Section 20 of Rep. Act No. 6425. Absent any aggravating circumstances attendant to the crime, the appellant should be sentenced to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua, conformably with Article 63 of the Revised Penal Code, as amended, which is applicable in a suppletory character to crimes defined by special penal laws, pursuant to Article 10 of the said Code.

    IN LIGHT OF ALL THE FOREGOING, the appellant is found guilty beyond reasonable doubt of the crime of attempted sale of methamphetamine hydrochloride under Section 21, paragraph (b) of Republic Act No. 6425, as amended, and is sentenced to suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua; and to pay a fine in the amount of FIVE MILLION PESOS (P5,000,000.00). The decision of the trial court is AFFIRMED in all other aspects. Costs against the appellant.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    SO ORDERED.

    Bellosillo, Quisumbing, Austria-Martinez and Tinga, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. Penned by Judge Antonio M. Eugenio, Jr.

    2. Rollo, p. 52.

    3. The prosecutor presented the following witnesses: PO3 Rey Lucido, Police Inspector Lorna R. Tria, and SPO1 Danilo Satuito.

    4. Exhibit "C" and "C-1."cralaw virtua1aw library

    5. Exhibit "A."cralaw virtua1aw library

    6. Exhibit "B-2.

    7. Exhibit "E."cralaw virtua1aw library

    8. Rollo, p. 54.

    9. Id. at 57.

    10. Id. at 72.

    11. 247 SCRA 433 (1995).

    12. People v. Montano, 337 SCRA 608 (2000).

    13. People v. So, 370 SCRA 252 (2001); People v. Julian-Fernandez, 372 SCRA 608 (2001).

    14. 362 SCRA 69 (2001).

    15. TSN, 25 June 1999, pp. 6–7 (Lucido).

    16. TSN, 25 June 1999, p. 7 (Lucido).

    17. People v. Lizada, G.R. No. 143468-71, January 24, 2003.

    18. People v. Cheng Ho Chua, 305 SCRA 28 (1999).

    19. People v. Fernandez, supra.

    20. People v. Caabay, G.R. No. 129961-62, August 28, 2003.

    G.R. No. 143842   October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANGI L. ADAM


    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

       

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED