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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
October-2003 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.M. No. P-02-1548 October 1, 2003 - ROBERT E. VILLAROS v. RODOLFO ORPIANO

  • A.M. Nos. P-03-1697 & P-03-1699 October 1, 2003 - JOCELYN S. PAISTE v. APRONIANO V. MAMENTA

  • G.R. Nos. 133066-67 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROMEO H. LAMBID

  • G.R. No. 137554 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHN MAMARION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148198 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELIZABETH CORPUZ

  • G.R. Nos. 150630-31 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JAIME OLAYBAR

  • G.R. No. 152176 October 1, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGER D. DELA CRUZ

  • G.R. No. 154130 October 1, 2003 - BENITO ASTORGA v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. No. 156034 October 1, 2003 - DELSAN TRANSPORT LINES, INC. v. C & A CONSTRUCTION, INC.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1803 October 2, 2003 - VICTOR A. ASLARONA v. ANTONIO T. ECHAVEZ

  • G.R. No. 128882 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOEL AYUDA

  • G.R. No. 145337 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEE HOI MING

  • G.R. No. 150382 October 2, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDDIE BASITE

  • A.C. No. 6061 October 3, 2003 - RAUL C. SANCHEZ v. SALUSTINO SOMOSO

  • A.M. MTJ-00-1311 October 3, 2003 - SILVESTRE H. BELLO III v. AUGUSTUS C. DIAZ, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1547 October 3, 2003 - LEOPOLDO V. CAÑETE v. NELSON MANLOSA

  • A.M. No. P-02-1550 October 3, 2003 - AMELIA L. AVELLANOSA v. JOSE Z. CAMASO

  • G.R. No. 118375 October 3, 2003 - CELESTINA T. NAGUIAT v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122134 October 3, 2003 - ROMANA LOCQUIAO VALENCIA, ET AL. v. BENITO A. LOCQUIAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143388 October 6, 2003 - SPS. ROLANDO and ROSITA CRUZ v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146569 October 6, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOHN NEQUIA

  • A.M. Nos. P-03-1744–45 October 7, 2003 - FE ALBANO MADRID v. ANTONIO T. QUEBRAL

  • G.R. No. 135377 October 7, 2003 - DSR-SENATOR LINES, ET AL. v. FEDERAL PHOENIX ASSURANCE CO., INC.

  • G.R. No. 149453 October 7, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL., ET AL. v. PANFILO M. LACSON

  • G.R. No. 149717 October 7, 2003 - EASTERN ASSURANCE & SURETY CORP. v. LTFRB

  • G.R. No. 155258 October 7, 2003 - CONRADO S. CANO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • A.C. No. 4881 October 8, 2003 - RAU SHENG MAO v. ANGELES A. VELASCO

  • G.R. No. 120864 October 8, 2003 - MANUEL T. DE GUIA v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136845 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GUILLERMO FLORENDO

  • G.R. No. 145166 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO ROMERO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146118 October 8, 2003 - SAMUEL SAMARCA v. ARC-MEN INDUSTRIES, INC.

  • G.R. Nos. 148056-61 October 8, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE DE CASTRO

  • G.R. No. 149420 October 8, 2003 - SONNY LO v. KJS ECO-FORMWORK SYSTEM PHIL., INC.

  • G.R. No. 152776 October 8, 2003 - HENRY S. OAMINAL v. PABLITO M. CASTILLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 153751 October 8, 2003 - MID PASIG LAND DEVELOPMENT CORP. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 154579 October 8, 2003 - MA. LOURDES R. DE GUZMAN v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • A.M. No. P-96-1179 October 10, 2003 - WINSTON C. CASTELO v. CRISTOBAL C. FLORENDO

  • G.R. No. 110604 October 10, 2003 - BUENAVENTURA S. TENORIO, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140917 October 10, 2003 - MENELIETO A. OLANDA v. LEONARDO G. BUGAYONG, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1640 October 13, 2003 - SAAD ANJUM v. CESAR L. ABACAHIN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 122765 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDGARDO L. VARGAS

  • G.R. No. 141942 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY PONCE JAMON

  • G.R. No. 143842 October 13, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANGI L. ADAM

  • G.R. No. 144662 October 13, 2003 - SPS. EFREN AND DIGNA MASON, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-02-1459 October 14, 2003 - IMELDA Y. MADERADA v. ERNESTO H. MEDIODEA

  • A.M. No. P-03-1674 October 14, 2003 - PABLO B. FRANCISCO v. OLIVIA M. LAUREL

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1805 October 14, 2003 - TEODORA A. RUIZ v. ROLANDO G. HOW

  • G.R. No. 153157 October 14, 2003 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES v. ARTHUR B. TONGSON

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1697 October 15, 2003 - EUGENIO K. CHAN v. JOSE S. MAJADUCON

  • A.M. No. RTJ-02-1699 October 15, 2003 - VERNETTE UMALI-PACO, ET AL. v. REINATO G. QUILALA, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-03-1808 October 15, 2003 - RADELIA SY, ET AL. v. ANTONIO FINEZA

  • G.R. Nos. 123144, 123207 & 123536 October 15, 2003 - PABLO P. BURGOS, ET AL. v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 126119 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL v. GILDO B. PELOPERO PNP

  • G.R. No. 130662 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERGIO ABON

  • G.R. No. 138364 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROGELIO VILLANUEVA

  • G.R. No. 142381 October 15, 2003 - PHILIPPINE BLOOMING MILLS, INC., ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142595 October 15, 2003 - RACHEL C. CELESTIAL v. JESSE CACHOPERO

  • G.R. Nos. 148139-43 October 15, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HERMENIO CANOY

  • G.R. No. 156273 October 15, 2003 - HEIRS OF TIMOTEO MORENO, ET AL. v. MACTAN-CEBU INT’L. AIRPORT AUTHORITY

  • A.M. No. SCC-00-6-P October 16, 2003 - RE: Ma. Corazon M. Molo

  • A.M. No. P-02-1592 October 16, 2003 - LUZITA ALPECHE v. EXPEDITO B. BATO

  • G.R. No. 141074 October 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NORLY LIBRADO

  • G.R. No. 144881 October 16, 2003 - BETTY T. CHUA v. ABSOLUTE MNGT. CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 147650-52 October 16, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RODOLFO S. PEPITO

  • G.R. No. 152492 October 16, 2003 - PALMA DEVELOPMENT CORP. v. MUN. OF MALANGAS

  • G.R. Nos. 153991-92 October 16, 2003 - ANWAR BERUA BALINDONG v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-01-1475 October 17, 2003 - MANUEL R. AQUINO v. JOCELYN C. FERNANDEZ

  • G.R. No. 131399 October 17, 2003 - ANGELITA AMPARO GO v. OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 133759-60 October 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEONITO LORENZO

  • G.R. Nos. 148673-75 October 17, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FLORENCIO R. ABANILLA

  • G.R. No. 150286 October 17, 2003 - ELCEE FARMS, INC., ET AL. v. PAMPILO SEMILLANO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 142885 October 22, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLIAM TIU, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-01-1368 October 23, 2003 - JOSE GODOFREDO M. NAUI v. MARCIANO C. MAURICIO, SR.

  • G.R. No. 120409 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. WILLIAMSON PICKRELL, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 120670 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. HEDISHI SUZUKI

  • G.R. No. 125689 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO SATIOQUIA

  • G.R. No. 127153 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SATUR G. APOSAGA

  • G.R. No. 132788 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ISAIAS FERNANDEZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 134485 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. OSCAR PEREZ

  • G.R. Nos. 134573-75 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VICENTE BINARAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 136849 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NESTOR A. CODERES

  • G.R. No. 138456 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ROLANDO P. DEDUYO

  • G.R. No. 140247 October 23, 2003 - ALEX ASUNCION, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143252 October 23, 2003 - CEBU MARINE BEACH RESORT, ET AL. v. NLRC, ET AL.

  • G.R. Nos. 146368-69 October 23, 2003 - MADELEINE MENDOZA-ONG v. SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 146608 October 23, 2003 - SPS. CONSTANTE & AZUCENA FIRME v. BUKAL ENTERPRISES AND DEV’T. CORP.

  • G.R. No. 147369 October 23, 2003 - SPS. PATRICK and RAFAELA JOSE v. SPS. HELEN and ROMEO BOYON

  • G.R. No. 147549 October 23, 2003 - JESUS DELA ROSA, ET AL. v. SANTIAGO CARLOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149149 October 23, 2003 - ERNESTO SYKI v. SALVADOR BEGASA

  • G.R. No. 149725 October 23, 2003 - OSCAR MAGNO v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

  • G.R. Nos. 150493-95 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CIRILO MACABATA

  • G.R. No. 150946 October 23, 2003 - MUNICIPAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS OF GLAN, ET AL. v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152135 October 23, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARCOS GIALOLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152716 October 23, 2003 - ELNA MERCADO-FEHR v. BRUNO FEHR

  • G.R. Nos. 154796-97 October 23, 2003 - RAYMUNDO A. BAUTISTA v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155692 October 23, 2003 - PHIVIDEC INDUSTRIAL AUTHORITY, ET AL. v. CAPITOL STEEL CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155717 October 23, 2003 - ALBERTO JARAMILLA v. COMELEC, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-00-1586 October 24, 2003 - THELMA C. BALDADO v. ARNULFO O. BUGTAS

  • G.R. No. 119775 October 24, 2003 - JOHN HAY PEOPLES ALTERNATIVE COALITION, ET AL. v. VICTOR LIM, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 119847 October 24, 2003 - JENNY ZACARIAS v. NATIONAL POLICE COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 137597 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JASON S. NAVARRO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 141615 October 24, 2003 - MAC ADAMS METAL ENGINEERING WORKERS UNION-INDEPENDENT, ET AL. v. MAC ADAMS METAL ENGINEERING, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144439 October 24, 2003 - SOUTHEAST ASIA SHIPPING CORP. v. SEAGULL MARITIME CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148120 October 24, 2003 - RODRIGO QUIRAO, ET AL. v. LYDIA QUIRAO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148597 October 24, 2003 - GRACE F. MUNSAYAC-DE VILLA, ET AL. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 152285 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE OBESO

  • G.R. Nos. 152589 and 152758 October 24, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANTONIO MENDOZA

  • G.R. No. 153828 October 24, 2003 - LINCOLN L. YAO v. NORMA C. PERELLO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 139181 October 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JIMMY AQUINO

  • G.R. No. 143817 October 27, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALEJANDRO BAJAR

  • A.C. No. 5829 October 28, 2003 - DANIEL LEMOINE v. AMADEO E. BALON, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-02-1581 October 28, 2003 - MA. CORAZON M. ANDAL v. NICOLAS A. TONGA

  • G.R. No. 134563 October 28, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO DALA

  • G.R. No. 138933 October 28, 2003 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JERRYVIE D. GUMAYAO

  • G.R. No. 150540 October 28, 2003 - DIMALUB P. NAMIL, ET AL. v. COMELEC, ET AL

  • G.R. No. 155206 October 28, 2003 - GSIS v. EDUARDO M. SANTIAGO

  •  





     
     

    A.M. No. SCC-00-6-P   October 16, 2003 - RE: Ma. Corazon M. Molo

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [A.M. No. SCC-00-6-P. October 16, 2003.]

    RE: Memorandum dated 27 September 1999 of Ma. Corazon M. Molo, Officer-in-Charge, Office of the Administrative Services, Office of the Court Administrator on the Dishonesty and Grave Misconduct of Datu Alykhan T. Amilbangsa, Clerk of Court, Shari’a Circuit Court, Bongo, Tawi-Tawi.

    D E C I S I O N


    PER CURIAM:


    The present administrative case arose when the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) received an undated letter 1 on September 3, 1998 from a concerned citizen denouncing respondent Datu Alykhan T. Amilbangsa, Clerk of Court of the Shari’a Circuit Court of Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, for not reporting the death of Maimona D. Yusop, Court Stenographer I of the same court, to wit:chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    It is because of fear of retaliation, choose to keep myself in the anonymity [sic]. I write you in behalf of honesty, and in the name of four children, Sherwin, Mumar, Sharina and Shareen, who were left behind by deceased MAIMONA D. YUSOP who was stenographer I in the Shari’a Circuit Court at Bongao, Tawi-Tawi, with temporary appointment. I am a resident of Zamboanga City, sometime[s] used to stay in Manila, and said orphan[e]d children have intimated to me their problem. They asked the Shari’a court in Bongao to give them the extra payments paid to their late mother, but the Clerk of Court refused and even threatened them for [sic] death.

    Mrs. Yusop worked in said shari’a court since March 1, 1986 till her death on August 8, 1997.

    She died on August 8, 1997 at Bongao of cardiac arrest and high blood pressure, but the Clerk of Court did not report the matter to your office. Since your office did not know about her death, you have even renewed her appointment last year, and her monthly salaries and bonuses were on-going, up to March 1998 which is the expiry date of her renewed appointment. If only your office had renewed it again, her salaries will even continue up to now. 2

    The respondent was accused of receiving, encashing and thereafter appropriating the proceeds of the checks intended for Ms. Yusop from the period of August 1997 to March 1998. Moreover, to make it appear that Ms. Yusop was still alive, the respondent apparently submitted her daily time records (DTR) every month, thus falsifying entries therein, including Ms. Yusop’s signature. According to the anonymous complainant, such act constitutes dishonesty that warrants dismissal from the service. 3

    The letter was immediately referred to the Office of Administrative Services (OAS). 4 Officer-in-Charge Ma. Corazon M. Molo required the respondent to submit an explanation why he failed to report the death of Ms. Yusop and to submit documents evidencing the latter’s death. 5

    The respondent, in a Letter dated November 10, 1998, confirmed Ms. Yusop’s death by submitting her death certificate. 6 Two weeks later, the respondent wrote another letter 7 explaining that after he informed Presiding Judge Amer M. Bara-acal of Ms. Yusop’s death, the latter took it upon himself to report the same to the Supreme Court. The presiding judge even promised to give the position vacated by the late Ms. Yusop to the latter’s sister, and that he would follow up the matter with the Court.

    On November 24, 1998, Ms. Molo again wrote a letter to the respondent, as follows:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Please be informed that the salary checks of the late MAIMONA D. YUSOP, former Court Stenographer I of that court, from August 1997 up to March 1998 were all released and forwarded to that Office as you failed to report her death.

    In this connection, you are hereby directed to return/submit within five (5) days from receipt hereof the following:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    1. Salary checks from August 1997 up to March 1998; and

    2. An explanation why you failed to return said checks.

    Failure to submit the required documents in due time will constrain this Office to withhold your salaries. 8

    In a 1st Tracer dated February 23, 1999, the OAS reminded the respondent of this previous request, with a warning that failure to act on the same would compel the said office to withhold his salary checks. 9 In view of the respondent’s failure to comply with this directive, his salary was thus withheld. 10

    The respondent finally answered the charges against him in a Letter dated June 16, 1999. 11 He averred that the August 1997 paycheck was personally received by the deceased days before her death, while the September 1997 paycheck was released to the latter’s older brother for burial expenses. He attached a certification/receipt signed by Salim D. Yusop, an alleged brother of the deceased. As regards the succeeding paychecks, he claimed that he had no knowledge whatsoever that they were released and forwarded to their office. The respondent prayed for the release of his withheld salaries and benefits, averring that his wife was expecting a child the next month.

    On August 25, 1999, Verina F. Yap, Officer-in-Charge of the Check Disbursement Division, Finance Management Office of the OCA, wrote a letter 12 to the Land Bank of the Philippines requesting for the various checks issued in the name of Ms. Maimona D. Yusop. In a Reply Letter dated September 20, 1999, Carolina Q. Briñas, Department Manager of the Land Bank, enumerated twenty-one negotiated checks in the name of Maimona D. Yusop, to wit:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Check No. Amount Status

    22065 P3,210.00 Negotiated Check dated 08/20/97

    22238 3,218.95 Negotiated Check dated 09/01/97

    22435 3,210.00 Negotiated Check dated 09/22/97

    22631 3,218.95 Negotiated Check dated 10/29/97

    22828 3,210.00 Negotiated Check dated 10/16/97

    23025 3,218.95 Negotiated Check dated 11/03/97

    23222 3,295.00 Negotiated Check dated 01/30/98

    23419 3,300.25 Negotiated Check dated 01/30/98

    23974 2,985.00 Negotiated Check dated 02/09/98

    24368 2,986.74 Negotiated Check dated 02/13/98

    24833 2,985.00 Negotiated Check dated 02/23/98

    25210 2,986.74 Negotiated Check dated 02/13/98

    25412 2,985.00 Negotiated Check dated 02/23/98

    25613 2,986.74 Negotiated Check dated 03/17/98

    26013 2,985.00 Negotiated Check dated 03/19/98

    26214 2,986.74 Negotiated Check dated 04/01/98

    25032 5,400.00 Negotiated Check dated 01/09/98

    25831 1,000.00 Negotiated Check dated 03/11/98

    24543 2,000.00 Negotiated Check dated 12/18/97

    23795 3,773.00 Negotiated Check dated 12/09/97

    23621 7,500.00 Negotiated Check dated 12/01/97

    —————

    TOTAL 69,442.06 13

    In a Memorandum dated September 27, 1999, Ms. Molo recommended the denial of the respondent’s request and the referral of the matter to the Legal Office for investigation.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The OCA in a Memorandum dated August 14, 2000, recommended to this Court that (a) the Memorandum dated September 27, 1999 of Ms. Molo be treated as an administrative complaint against respondent Datu Alykhan T. Amilbangsa; (b) the complaint be re-docketed as a regular administrative complaint; and (c) that respondent be required to comment on the complaint within ten days from notice. The Court adopted the said recommendations in a Resolution dated September 13, 2000. 14

    In his Comment, 15 the respondent averred that Ms. Yusop died on August 11, 1997, and not on August 8 as alleged in the anonymous letter. He insisted that on August 6, 1997, Ms. Yusop personally received her paycheck for the period of August 1 to 31, 1997 from Postman Almasri Hasim. He was surprised to learn from a neighbor that Ms. Yusop had died. She was buried in the late afternoon of August 12, 1997 in accordance with Muslim rites, and he even attended and witnessed the event. 16

    According to the respondent, he was able to talk to Judge Bara-acal two days thereafter. The judge stated that he was in Zamboanga City and was proceeding to Manila relative to an on-going case against him. The respondent reiterated that when informed about Ms. Yusop’s death, Judge Bara-acal volunteered to personally inform the Court about the matter. The respondent then immediately notified the relatives of the deceased and prepared the notice of death, which was addressed to the OAS Chief. 17

    When the paychecks for their office for the month of September came and Ms. Yusop was still included, the respondent did not think twice about it because he knew that the said checks were sent in advance. He concluded that the Court had not yet received the notice of death. 18 Thereafter, the relatives of the deceased, particularly her brother, pleaded with the respondent and told him that they were in dire need of money to defray the expenses and debts they incurred for the burial and the traditional seventh day prayer. For “humanitarian reasons,” this check was given to Ms. Yusop’s brother, with the understanding that the amount of the check would be subject to deduction on the claim benefits due to Ms. Yusop. 19

    The respondent averred that he did not know that the Court had sent additional paychecks in the name of the deceased, and that as far as he was concerned, the Court had already been informed, through Judge Bara-acal, of Ms. Yusop’s demise. 20 He found out that checks were still being sent to Ms. Yusop when he received the OAS letter of November 24, 1998. 21 He insisted that he did not fail to report the death of his co-employee, and that the cause of all the trouble and confusion was the fact that the OAS did not receive the notice that he sent. The respondent admitted, however, that he should have sent the notice through mail and kept a file for himself for record purposes and to serve as evidence. 22 Anent his failure to explain himself, the respondent reasoned that —

    . . . [C]onsidering the turn of events and seeming complexity of the situation for the undersigned, confounded by his admitted insufficiency and apparent lack of proficiency with the written communication, he thought it best to fully explain his side during the investigation, which unfortunately never took place.

    That undersigned upon receipt of the Honorable Supreme Court’s Resolution dated 23 September 2000, was left with no other recourse but to seek the assistance of counsel, his younger brother who happens to be a lawyer, in order to fully explain his side. 23

    In a Resolution dated August 15, 2001, the case was assigned to Acting Presiding District Judge Bensaudi I. Arabani, Sr., Shari’a Circuit Court, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi. In the same resolution, we denied the respondent’s request for the release of his salary pending the outcome of the investigation. 24

    The Investigating Judge submitted his report and recommendation on January 29, 2002, with the following conclusion:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    Based on the foregoing evidence adduced during the investigation of this case that led to the findings in the case, the ultimate and inevitable conclusion is that respondent has undoubtedly committed the charges against him.

    RECOMMENDATION

    Under Section 7, Rule 136 of the Rules of Court, on the duties of clerks, the clerk shall safely keep all records, papers, files, exhibits and public property committed to his charge, including the library of the court, and the seal and furniture belonging to his office. Thus, where monies in his custody, were spent by him for unauthorized expenditures, it was held, that he failed to perform other duties ascribed to him by reason of his office, and respondent’s misconduct, misfeasance or malfeasance in the performance of his official duties consisting of dishonesty. (Unknown Municipal Councilor of Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija v. Alomia, Jr. Adm. Matter No. P-91-660, August 7, 1992, 212 SCRA 330).

    FOREGOING CONSIDERED, the respondent must be meted the appropriate and proper penalty/sanction provided by the Civil Service and other related laws.25cralaw:red

    According to the Investigating Judge, at the time of Ms. Yusop’s death, Judge Bara-acal had already been replaced by Acting Presiding Judge Jainul Kaudri. 26 In fact, Judge Bara-acal was designated as Acting Judge of the Shari’a Circuit of Malundo, Lanao del Sur on February 6, 1996 pursuant to a Court Resolution in A.M. No. 96-1-7-SCC and assumed office on February 16, 1996. 27 The Investigating Judge thus found that the respondent failed to send the notice of Ms. Yusop’s death within a reasonable time as he claimed, which, as the immediate superior officer of the deceased, amounted to “neglect of duty” under the law.

    In a Report dated November 6, 2002, the Office of the Court Administrator echoed the sentiments of the Investigating Judge and recommended the respondent’s dismissal from the service.

    Being the Clerk of Court, respondent has direct access to the employee’s payroll. Hence, he cannot feign ignorance to the continuous inclusion of Mrs. Yusoph [sic] in the regular payroll. His unjustifiable failure to timely report the death of Mrs. Yusoph coupled with his failure to send back the checks due her (Mrs. Yusoph) is already prima facie evidence that cast doubt on his claim that he has nothing to do with the unauthorized negotiation of the subject payroll checks . . .

    x       x       x


    The Financial Management Office, OCA, be DIRECTED to release the withheld salaries and benefits of respondent Amilbang[s]a after deducting the amount of the unauthorized negotiated checks of Mrs. Maimona D. Yusoph (deceased), former Court Stenographer I, Shari’a Circuit Court, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi. 28

    We sustain the findings of the Investigating Judge. Other than his own testimony, the respondent did not present any other evidence in support of his defense. He did not present a copy of the alleged notice that he claimed he sent to Judge Bara-acal regarding the death of Ms. Yusop. He likewise failed to present his co-employee, Andoc B. Garcia, whom the respondent claimed personally delivered the said notice to Judge Bara-acal. 29

    A perusal of the proceedings had during the investigation reveals that the respondent himself admitted that he received about ten checks in Ms. Yusop’s name, which he gave to the latter’s relatives. 30 When asked why he made no such mention of the matter in his comment, the respondent replied, thus:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    “Because I was only asked to answer on the salary checks. Because it is the amount approved to [sic] the late Maimona D. Yusop when she [was] still alive, it is [sic] all the checks accrued to her. 31

    The respondent did not make a record of all the checks he received in behalf of the deceased. He likewise did not issue receipts before turning over the checks to the latter’s relatives, except for that one check received by Ms. Yusop’s brother. 32 The respondent handled and distributed the salary checks of his co-employees, and yet did not notice that the deceased still continued to receive hers. 33 When asked why he did not make an inquiry as to the whereabouts of the “missing checks” considering that he was the one being charged and implicated, the respondent replied, “Let the investigating officer investigate.” 34 The respondent thus failed to defeat the overwhelming evidence against him. The failure of a clerk of court to turn over money deposited with him and adequately explain and present evidence thereon constitutes gross dishonesty, grave misconduct, and even malversation of public funds which this Court will never countenance, as they indubitably diminish the faith of the people in the judiciary.

    No position demands greater moral righteousness and uprightness from the occupant than the judicial office. Those connected with the dispensation of justice bear a heavy burden of responsibility. Clerks of court, in particular, must be individuals of competence, honesty and probity, charged as they are with safeguarding the integrity of the court and its proceedings. This Court has consistently held that persons involved in the administration of justice ought to live up to the strictest standards of honesty and integrity in the public service. 35 The conduct required of court personnel, from the presiding judge to the lowliest clerk, must always be beyond reproach. 36

    The Court is left with no choice but to declare the respondent guilty of dishonesty and gross misconduct. Dishonesty alone, being in the nature of a grave offense, carries the extreme penalty of dismissal from the service with forfeiture of retirement benefits, except accrued leave credits, and perpetual disqualification for re-employment in the government service. This penalty is in accordance with Section 52 and Section 58, Rule IV, of the Civil Service Commission Memorandum Circular No. 19, Series of 1999 (Revised Uniform Rules on Administrative Cases in the Civil Service). 37

    WHEREFORE, respondent Datu Alykhan T. Amilbangsa, Clerk of Court of the Shari’a Circuit Court, Bongo, Tawi-Tawi, is found GUILTY of Gross Misconduct and Dishonesty. He is hereby DISMISSED from the service effective immediately, with forfeiture of all retirement benefits, except accrued leave credits, with prejudice to his re-employment in any branch or instrumentality in the government, including government-owned and controlled corporations.chanrob1es virtua1 1aw 1ibrary

    The Financial Management Office, Office of the Court Administrator, is DIRECTED to release the withheld salaries and benefits of the respondent after deducting the total amount of the unauthorized negotiated checks of Ms. Maimona D. Yusop, former Court Stenographer I, Shari’a Circuit Court, Bongao, Tawi-Tawi.

    This Decision is immediately executory.

    SO ORDERED.

    Davide, Jr., C.J., Bellosillo, Puno, Vitug, Panganiban, Quisumbing, Sandoval-Gutierrez, Carpio, Austria-Martinez, Carpio Morales, Callejo, Sr., Azcuna and Tinga, JJ., concur.

    Ynares-Santiago and Corona, JJ., are on leave.

    Endnotes:



    1. Rollo, p. 42.

    2. Id. at 42.

    3. Id.

    4. Id. at 41.

    5. Id. at 36.

    6. Id. at 39.

    7. Id. at 40.

    8. Id. at 46.

    9. Id. at 45.

    10. Id. at 43.

    11. Id. at 4.

    12. Id. at 8.

    13. Id. at 5–6.

    14. Id. at 53.

    15. Dated November 8, 2000.

    16. Rollo, p. 84.

    17. Id. at 85.

    18. Id. at 86.

    19. Id.

    20. Id. at 86.

    21. Id. at 87.

    22. Id. at 88.

    23. Id. at 91–92.

    24. Id. at 103.

    25. Id. at 177–178.

    26. Investigation, Report and Recommendation, Rollo, p. 166; TSN, 19 December 2001.

    27. Rollo, p. 1.

    28. Evaluation, Report and Recommendation, p. 10–11.

    29. Annex “A,” Rollo, p. 94.

    30. TSN, 20 December 2001, p. 11.

    31. Id. at 15.

    32. Id.

    33. Id. at 18.

    34. Id.

    35. Caña v. Santos, 234 SCRA 17 (1994).

    36. Caguioa v. Flora, 360 SCRA 12 (2001).

    37. Section 52. Classification of Offenses. — Administrative offenses with corresponding penalties are classified into grave, less grave or light, depending on their gravity or depravity and effects on the government service.

    A. The following are grave offenses with their corresponding penalties:chanrob1es virtual 1aw library

    1. Dishonesty

    1st offense — Dismissal

    x       x       x


    3. Grave Misconduct

    1st offense — Dismissal

    Section 58. Administrative Disabilities Inherent in Certain Penalties.

    a. The penalty of dismissal shall carry with it that of cancellation of eligibility, forfeiture of retirement benefits, and the perpetual disqualification for re-employment in the government service, unless otherwise provided in the decision.

    A.M. No. SCC-00-6-P   October 16, 2003 - RE: Ma. Corazon M. Molo


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