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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
November-2006 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • Adm. Case No. 7252 - CBD 05-1434 - JOHNNY NG vs ATTY. BENJAMIN C. ALAR

  • A.C. No. 7280 - DAHLIA S. GACIAS vs ATTY. ALEXANDER BULAUITAN

  • A.M. No. 06-4-219-RTC - RE: REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT AND PHYSICAL INVENTORY

  • A.M. No. 2004-15-SC - PROSECUTOR AGAPITO B. ROSALES vs ENGR. CELERINO BUENAVENTURA

  • A.M. No. 2005-26-SC - RE: LOST CHECKS ISSUED TO THE LATE RODERICK ROY P. MELLIZA, ETC.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-03-1503 - NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION vs JUDGE LUISITO T. ADAOAG

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  • A.M. No. P-03-1731 - PNB MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION vs CARMELO CACHERO

  • A.M. No. P-03-1737 - Formerly OCA IPI No. 01-1250-P - NICOLAS PACLIBAR vs RENAN V. PAMPOSA

  • A.M. No. P-05-2092 - ATTY. PERFECTO A.S. LAGUIO, JR. vs MILA AMANTE-CASICAS

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  • A.M. No. P-06-2266 - ENCARNACION FLORES vs ROMEO S. GATCHECO, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-06-2257 - SPS. ARTHUR and LEONORA STILGROVE vs ERIBERTO R. SABAS, ET AL.

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  • A.M. No. RTJ-05-1901 - FORTUNE LIFE INSURANCE, COMPANY, INC. vs JUDGE JIMMY H. F. LUCZON, JR.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-06-2002 - ROCKLAND CONSTRUCTION CO., INC. vs JUDGE MARIANO M. SINGZON, JR.

  • G.R. No. 74269 & 92137 - SOLID HOMES, INC., ET AL. vs HON. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127636 - E. ROMMEL REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs STA. LUCIA REALTY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 126890 - UNITED PLANTERS SUGAR MILLING COMPANY, INC. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129820 - PNOC-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION vs EMILIANO G. VENERACION, JR.

  • G.R. No. 132834 - RUPERTO LUCERO, JR., ET AL. vs CITY GOVERNMENT OF PASIG

  • G.R. No. 135817 - REYNALDO RODRIGUEZ, ET AL. vs CONCORDIA ONG LIM, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 140371-72 - DY YIENG SEANGIO, ET AL. vs AMOR A. REYES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140833 - LACEPI T. MAGNANAO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 141480 - CARLOS B. DE GUZMAN vs TOYOTA CUBAO, INC.

  • G.R. No. 142351 - ST. MARTIN FUNERAL HOMES vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143219 - ASIAN TERMINALS, INC. vs RENATO P. VILLANUEVA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143382 - SECURITY BANK and TRUST COMPANY vs MAR TIERRA CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144062 - THE BASES CONVERSION AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ET AL. vs ELPIDIO UY

  • G.R. No. 146707 - ERNESTO DUMLAO, JR., ET AL. vs RODOLFO PONFERRADA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148090 - STRONGHOLD INSURANCE COMPANY, INC. vs NEMESIO S. FELIX, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148490 - 7K CORPORATION vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 148500-01 - TIMES TRANSPORTATION CO. INC. vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 148839-40 - NAGKAHIUSANG MAMUMUO SA PICOP RESOURCES, INC. - SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES FEDERATION OF LABOR (NAMAPRI - SPFL), ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148971 - ALBERTO GARONG vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 149633 - EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR GABRIEL S. CASAL, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT

  • G.R. No. 149748 - JANG LIM, ET AL vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149753 - Miguel Cosme, Jr. v. People of the Philippines

  • G.R. NO. 149764 - PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION vs ENRIQUE GUTIERREZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150253 - DAVAO LIGHT AND POWER CORPORATION, INC. vs ANTONIO G. DIAZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150402 - EPARWA SECURITY AND JANITORIAL SERVICES, INC. vs LICEO DE CAGAYAN UNIVERSITY

  • G.R. No. 152258 - ROGELIO P. ANTALAN vs ANIANO DESIERTO

  • G.R. No. 152984 - WILLIAM G. KWONG vs ATTY. RAMON GARGANTOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 154006 - STAR PAPER CORPORATION vs CARLITO ESPIRI TU, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 154565 - REMEDIOS RAMOS vs TESSIE PABAS

  • G.R. No. 154685 - METROPOLITAN BANK and TRUST COMPANY, ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155645 - PHILIPPINE LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY, INC. vs MAYFLOR T. YLAGAN

  • G.R. No. 155574 - TIMOTEO A. GARCIA vs SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 156294 - MELVA THERESA ALVIAR GONZALES vs RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION

  • G. R. No. 156888 - PEDRO R. SANTIAGO vs SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY

  • G.R. No. 156903 - SPOUSES CARLOS and TERESITA RUSTIA vs EMERITA RIVERA

  • G.R. No. 157107 - ALPINE LENDING INVESTORS, ET AL. vs ESTRELLA CORPUZ

  • G.R. No. 157117 - COASTAL SUBIC BAY TERMINAL, INC. vs DEPARTMENT OF LABOR and EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 157236-45 - ROMEO D. LONZANIDA vs SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 157906 - JOAQUINITA P. CAPILI vs SPS. DOMINADOR CARDAÑA and ROSALITA CARDAÑA,

  • G.R. No. 158676 - BPI-FAMILY SAVINGS BANK, INC. vs SPS. ZENAIDA DOMINGO & ABUNDIO S. DOMINGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158707 - COMMUNITY RURAL BANK OF SAN ISIDRO (N.E.), INC. vs YSAGANI V. PAEZ

  • G.R. NOS. 157294-95 - JOSEPH VICTOR G. EJERCITO vs SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158960 - LORNA FRANCES FILIPINO vs F. WALTER R. MACABUHAY

  • G.R. No. 159373 - JOSE R. MORENO, JR. vs PRIVATE MANAGEMENT OFFICE

  • G.R. No. 159991 - CARMELINO F. PANSACOLA vs COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. 159734 and G.R. NO. 159745 - ROSARIO V. ASTUDILLO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 160347 - ARCADIO and MARIA LUISA CARANDANG vs HEIRS OF QUIRINO A. DE GUZMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160618 - DENNIS D. SY vs METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY

  • G.R. No. 160805 - SPOUSES ADIEL DE LA CENA and CARIDAD AREVALO DE LA CENA vs SPOUSES JOSE BRIONES and HERMINIA LLEDO BRIONES

  • G.R. No. 161086 - CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION vs COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 161136 - WILFREDO VAGILIDAD, ET AL. vs GABINO VAGILIDAD, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161115 - DOLE PHILIPPINES, INC. vs MEDEL ESTEVA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162037 - Heirs of Enrique Diaz v. Elinor A. Virata

  • G.R. No. 162243, G.R. No. 164516 & G.R. No. 171875 - HEHERSON ALVAREZ vs PICOP RESOURCES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 162308 - G & M PHILIPPINES, INC. vs ROMIL V. CUAMBOT

  • G.R. No. 162331 - LEPANTO CONSOLIDATED MINING CO. vs WMC RESOURCES INT L. PTY. LTD., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162366 - FEDERICA M. SERRANO, ET AL. vs SPOUSES ANSELMO GUTIERREZ AND CARMELITA GUTIERREZ

  • G.R. No. 163735 - GREEN ASIA CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163712 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, ET AL. vs JOSE B. TAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163763 - MALAYAN REALTY, INC. vs UY HAN YONG

  • G.R. No. 164300 - SPOUSES BENJAMIN AND AGRIFINA SIM vs M.B. FINANCE CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 164321 - SKECHERS, U.S.A., INC. vs INTER PACIFIC INDUSTRIAL TRADING CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164545 - LORBE REBUCAN y BALTAZAR vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 165038 - HEIRS OF EMILIO R. DOMINGO AND FELICIDAD CORNEJO, ET AL. vs THE HEIRS OF CLARITA D. MARTIN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164858 - HENRY P. LANOT vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 165724 - ZAMORA REALTY and DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165879 - MARIA B. CHING vs JOSEPH C. GOYANKO, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166403 - BENZON O. ALDEMITA vs HEIRS OF MELQUIADES SILVA

  • G.R. NOS. 166143-47 and G.R. NO. 166891 - ABDUSAKUR M. TAN, ET AL. vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166496 - JOSEFA BAUTISTA FERRER vs SPS. MANUEL M. FERRER, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166501 - ERNESTO B. FRANCISCO, JR. vs HON. BAYANI F. FERNANDO

  • G.R. No. 166649 - ROBERT B. CABUYOC vs INTER-ORIENT NAVIGATION SHIPMANAGEMENT, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166833 - FELIXBERTO CUBERO, ET AL. vs LAGUNA WEST MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166837 - LIGAYA S. ORBETA vs RUBEN P. ORBETA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 167680 - SAMUEL PARILLA, ET AL. vs DR. PROSPERO PILAR

  • G.R. No. 167723 - CLUB FILIPINO, INC. vs ROMEO ARAULLO

  • G.R. No. 167743 - HILARIO P. SORIANO vs OMBUDSMAN SIMEON V. MARCELO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 167844 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168035 - MELANIE M. MESINA, ET AL. vs GLORIA C. GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 168718 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN vs FARIDA T. LUCERO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168694 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs SAIDAMIN MACABALANG y MALAMAMA

  • G.R. No. 169193 - SPOUSES ILUMINADA CAPITLE and CIRILO CAPITLE vs FORTUNATA ELBAMBUENA, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 169295-96 - REMINGTON INDUSTRIAL SALES CORPORATION vs ERLINDA CASTANEDA

  • G.R. No. 169341 - City of Cebu v. Vicente B. Del Rosario

  • G.R. No. 169578 - TERESITA DIO vs ST. FERDINAND MEMORIAL PARK, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 169698 - LUPO ATIENZA vs YOLANDA DE CASTRO

  • G.R. No. 169891 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RAILWAYS vs ETHEL BRUNTY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170220 - JOSEFINA S. LUBRICA, ET AL. vs LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 170522 - CELSO LOPEZ OCATE vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170829 - Perla G. Patricio v. Marcelino G. Dario III, et al.

  • G.R. No. 171102 - ATP TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC. vs MICRON PRECISION PHILS., INC.

  • G.R. No. 170840 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs GREGORIO CARPIO @ "GORIO"

  • G.R. No. 171144 - SANTOS L. NACAYTUNA vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. NOS. 171322-24 - MARIANITO S. VICTORIANO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 172274 - ROMEO D. CABARLO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G. R. No. 171447 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs FEDERICO ARNAIZ y ARMONIO

  • G.R. No. 173290 - ZENAIDA M. LIMBONA vs JUDGE RALPH S. LEE, ET AL.

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    G.R. No. 152258 - ROGELIO P. ANTALAN  vs  ANIANO DESIERTO

      G.R. No. 152258 - ROGELIO P. ANTALAN vs ANIANO DESIERTO

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. NO. 152258 : November 30, 2006]

    ROGELIO P. ANTALAN, Petitioner, v. HON. ANIANO DESIERTO, In his capacity as Ombudsman, Respondent.

    D E C I S I O N

    AUSTRIA-MARTINEZ, J.:

    Sought to be annulled in the present Petition for Certiorari under Rule 65 of the Rules of Court are the October 1, 2001 Memorandum1 of Ombudsman Legal Counsel Sylvia Hazel T. Bismonte-Beltran (Bismonte-Beltran) in OMB-MIN-01-02602 and the October 4, 2001 Information3 filed with the Sandiganbayan pursuant to said Memorandum.

    The facts are not disputed.

    On the basis of an Affidavit4 executed by Edison Ehilla (Ehilla), a resident of Island Garden City of Samal (IGACOS), a Complaint5 was filed with the Office of the Deputy Ombudsman for Mindanao (OMB-Min) charging IGACOS City Mayor Rogelio Antalan (Antalan) with Grave Misconduct, Graft and Corruption, Grave Abuse of Authority, Dishonesty, and Malversation of Public Funds in connection with the purchase of four (4) units of six wheeler dump trucks, disbursement of intelligence funds and construction of a structure along the city shorelines.

    After Antalan filed his Counter-affidavit,6 OMB-Min Graft Investigator I Quintin Pedrido, Jr. (Pedrido) issued a Resolution7 dated June 18, 2001 recommending the dismissal of the case. Ombudsman Aniano Desierto (Ombudsman) approved said Resolution on July 13, 2001.8 Ehilla filed a Motion for Reconsideration9 but Pedrido denied the same in an Order10 dated September 11, 2001 which the Ombudsman approved on September 21, 2001.11

    It would appear, however, that by verbal instruction, the Ombudsman directed Bismonte-Beltran to review the September 11, 2001 Pedrido Order.12 In her October 1, 2001 Memorandum, Bismonte-Beltran recommended the following:

    WHEREFORE, premises considered, it is respectfully recommended that: a) the Order dated September 11, 2001 of the Office of the Deputy Ombudsman for Mindanao be disapproved insofar as it recommends the dismissal of the charge for violation of Section 3 (e) of R.A. 3019 in connection with the alleged irregularities in the purchase of four (4) units 6-wheeler dump trucks; b) and that upon a finding of probable cause for violation of Section 3 (e), R.A. 3019 against respondent Mayor Rogelio P. Antalan, the corresponding information be filed against him before the Sandiganbayan.13

    Bismonte-Beltran also prepared an Information14 dated October 4, 2001 charging Antalan with Violation of Section 3(e), Republic Act No. 3019. She certified therein that a preliminary investigation was conducted in the case and that there is probable cause to believe that Antalan committed the crime charged.15

    On December 21, 2002, the Ombudsman approved the October 1, 2001 Memorandum16 and the October 4, 2001 Information.17 Thus, the Information was filed with the Sandiganbayan on January 7, 2002 and docketed as Criminal Case No. 27128.18

    On January 17, 2002, Antalan filed with the Sandiganbayan a Motion for Reconsideration/Reinvestigation on the ground that he was denied his right to file a motion for reconsideration as guaranteed under R.A. No. 6770 and Administrative Order No. 07.19 In an Order20 dated January 23, 2002, the Sandiganbayan21 granted said Motion and ordered reinvestigation of the case, thus:

    Considering that the Information in this case was filed on exactly the same day that the Office of the Ombudsman had sent a copy of the resolution authorizing the filing of the Information in this case thereby effectively depriving the accused his statutory right to file a motion for reconsideration and there being no objection on the part of Prosecutor Victor A. Pascual, the motion is GRANTED. Consequently, said accused is given a period of fifteen (15) days from today within which to file his expanded motion or supplemental motion for reconsideration in the Office of the Special Prosecutor which is directed to inform this Court of the action it has taken thereon within thirty (30) days from receipt of the adverted motion.

    Accordingly, on February 19, 2002, Antalan filed a Supplemental Motion for Reconsideration with the Office of the Special Prosecutor (OSP).22 Pending resolution of his Motion, Antalan filed with this Court, on March 11, 2002, the present Petition for Certiorari23 where he reiterates that the October 1, 2001 Memorandum and October 4, 2001 Information were issued in violation of his constitutional right to due process.24

    In his Comment,25 respondent, through the Solicitor General, argues that the Petition has been rendered moot by petitioner's filing a Supplemental Motion for Reconsideration with the OSP where he also questioned the validity of the October 1, 2001 Memorandum and October 4, 2001 Information.26 Respondent points out that petitioner virtually engaged in forum shopping when he took both recourse.27

    Subsequent events rendered this petition moot and academic.

    It was only on September 11, 2006 that the records of Criminal Case No. 27128 was elevated to this Court.

    The records reveal that proceedings in said case has taken the following course:

    First, acting on petitioner's Supplemental Motion for Reconsideration, Ombudsman Prosecutor III Victor A. Pascual (Pascual) of the OSP issued on August 12, 2002 a Resolution28 granting said Motion, thus:

    WHEREFORE, foregoing premises considered, the accused's Motion for Reconsideration is hereby given due course and the memorandum dated October 1, 2001 (approved December 21, 2001) recommending the filing of the Information against accused be set aside and the Information already filed against accused Rogelio Antalan be withdrawn for lack of factual and legal basis. Consequently, an appropriate Motion to Withdraw an Information be filed with the Sandiganbayan Court. (Emphasis ours)

    The foregoing Resolution was approved by Acting Ombudsman Margarito Gervacio, Jr. on September 2, 2002.29 Thus, on October 1, 2002, a Motion to Withdraw Information30 was filed in Criminal Case No. 27128. Meanwhile, complainants in Criminal Case No. 27128 filed with OSP a Motion for Reconsideration31 from the August 12, 2002 OSP Resolution; and with the Sandiganbayan, an Opposition (to Motion to Withdraw Information) with Manifestation.32

    Second, in a Memorandum33 dated February 14, 2003, the Ombudsman convened a panel to act on complainant's Motion for Reconsideration. In a Memorandum34 dated January 25, 2006, Pascual as panel member recommended that said Motion for Reconsideration be denied and Criminal Case No. 27128 dismissed for lack of probable cause. Ombudsman Merceditas Gutierrez approved the recommendation on April 28, 2006.

    Meanwhile, as regards the Motion to Withdraw Information which OSP had filed, the Sandiganbayan issued Resolution dated January 7, 2003 in Criminal Case No. 27128, the dispositive portion of which reads:

    WHEREFORE, the instant motion is hereby GRANTED and the Information in this case is ordered WITHDRAWN. The cash bail bond posted by accused Rogelio P. Antalan is ordered returned to him subject to the usual accounting and auditing rules and procedures. The Hold Departure Order dated January 23, 2002 issued against the above-named accused is ordered LIFTED.

    SO ORDERED.35

    Nothing in the records indicate that a motion for reconsideration was filed from said January 7, 2003 Sandiganbayan Resolution.

    It is lamentable that all the foregoing incidents in Criminal Case No. 27128 transpired without any of the parties herein taking the trouble to inform this Court of the futility of the present petition. It is quite plain that, through the January 7, 2003 Sandiganbayan Resolution, petitioner has already obtained all the reliefs initially sought from this Court. He has no more interest in the present petition as it is now merely hypothetical.36

    WHEREFORE, the petition is hereby DENIED for being moot and academic.

    SO ORDERED.


    Endnotes:


    1 Rollo, p. 16.

    2 Entitled "Edison S. Ehilla, Complainant, v. Rogelio P. Antalan, Mayor, Island Garden City of Samal, Davao del Norte, Respondent."

    3 Rollo, p. 20.

    4 Id. at 29.

    5 Id. at 22.

    6 Id. at 40.

    7 Id. at 65.

    8 Id. at 68.

    9 Id. at 69.

    10 Id. at 100.

    11 Id. at 104.

    12 Id. at 16 and 117.

    13 Id. at 19.

    14 See note 3.

    15 Id. at 21.

    16 Id. at 19.

    17 See note 15.

    18 Folder I (unnumbered page).

    19 Folder I (unnumbered page).

    20 Rollo, p. 110.

    21 Composed of Associate Justices Minita V. Chico-Nazario (now a member of the Supreme Court), Ma. Cristina G. Cortez-Estrada, and Francisco H. Villaruz, Jr.

    22 Rollo, p. 111.

    23 Id. at 3.

    24 Id. at 7-11.

    25 Id. at 115.

    26 Id. at 119-120.

    27 Rollo at p. 121.

    28 Folder I (unnumbered page).

    29 Supra.

    30 Id.

    31 Id.

    32 Id..

    33 Id.

    34 Id.

    35 Supra, note 28.

    36 Ley Construction and Development Corporation v. Hyatt Industrial Manufacturing Corporation, 393 Phil. 633, 643 (2000); Philippine Airlines v. Pascua, 456 Phil. 425, 436 (2003).

    G.R. No. 152258 - ROGELIO P. ANTALAN  vs  ANIANO DESIERTO


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