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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
November-2006 Jurisprudence                 

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • A.C. No. 6266 - ESTELA ANASTACIO-BRIONES vs ATTY. ALFREDO A. ZAPANTA

  • A.C. No. 7123 - MARIA DIVINA CRUZ-VILLANUEVA vs ATTY. CARLOS P. RIVERA, ET AL.

  • A.C. No. 7214 - AILEEN A. FERANCULLO vs ATTY. SANCHO M. FERANCULLO, JR.

  • Adm. Case No. 7252 - CBD 05-1434 - JOHNNY NG vs ATTY. BENJAMIN C. ALAR

  • A.C. No. 7280 - DAHLIA S. GACIAS vs ATTY. ALEXANDER BULAUITAN

  • A.M. No. 06-4-219-RTC - RE: REPORT ON THE JUDICIAL AUDIT AND PHYSICAL INVENTORY

  • A.M. No. 2004-15-SC - PROSECUTOR AGAPITO B. ROSALES vs ENGR. CELERINO BUENAVENTURA

  • A.M. No. 2005-26-SC - RE: LOST CHECKS ISSUED TO THE LATE RODERICK ROY P. MELLIZA, ETC.

  • A.M. No. MTJ-03-1503 - NATIONAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION vs JUDGE LUISITO T. ADAOAG

  • A.M. No. MTJ-06-1660 - Formerly A.M. No. OCA IPI 04-1519-MTJ - SPOUSES TREFIL AND LINA A. UMALE vs JUDGE NICOLAS V. FADUL, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-03-1731 - PNB MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION vs CARMELO CACHERO

  • A.M. No. P-03-1737 - Formerly OCA IPI No. 01-1250-P - NICOLAS PACLIBAR vs RENAN V. PAMPOSA

  • A.M. No. P-05-2092 - ATTY. PERFECTO A.S. LAGUIO, JR. vs MILA AMANTE-CASICAS

  • A.M. No. P-05-1979 - JUDGE LEONARDO P. CARREON vs ERIC ANTHONY S. ORTEGA

  • A.M. No. P-06-2109 - LIGAYA V. REYES vs MARIO PABLICO

  • A.M. No. P-06-2204 - NYDIA S. SERVINO vs MA. MAWILYNN CONCEPCION B. ADOLFO

  • A.M. No. P-06-2266 - ENCARNACION FLORES vs ROMEO S. GATCHECO, JR.

  • A.M. No. P-06-2257 - SPS. ARTHUR and LEONORA STILGROVE vs ERIBERTO R. SABAS, ET AL.

  • A.M. No. P-06-2268 - BIENVENIDO L. PUNZALAN vs RUMEL M. MACALISANG

  • A.M. No. RTJ-05-1901 - FORTUNE LIFE INSURANCE, COMPANY, INC. vs JUDGE JIMMY H. F. LUCZON, JR.

  • A.M. No. RTJ-06-2002 - ROCKLAND CONSTRUCTION CO., INC. vs JUDGE MARIANO M. SINGZON, JR.

  • G.R. No. 74269 & 92137 - SOLID HOMES, INC., ET AL. vs HON. INTERMEDIATE APPELLATE COURT, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 127636 - E. ROMMEL REALTY AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs STA. LUCIA REALTY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 126890 - UNITED PLANTERS SUGAR MILLING COMPANY, INC. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 129820 - PNOC-ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION vs EMILIANO G. VENERACION, JR.

  • G.R. No. 132834 - RUPERTO LUCERO, JR., ET AL. vs CITY GOVERNMENT OF PASIG

  • G.R. No. 135817 - REYNALDO RODRIGUEZ, ET AL. vs CONCORDIA ONG LIM, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 140371-72 - DY YIENG SEANGIO, ET AL. vs AMOR A. REYES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 140833 - LACEPI T. MAGNANAO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 141480 - CARLOS B. DE GUZMAN vs TOYOTA CUBAO, INC.

  • G.R. No. 142351 - ST. MARTIN FUNERAL HOMES vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143219 - ASIAN TERMINALS, INC. vs RENATO P. VILLANUEVA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 143382 - SECURITY BANK and TRUST COMPANY vs MAR TIERRA CORPORATION, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 144062 - THE BASES CONVERSION AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ET AL. vs ELPIDIO UY

  • G.R. No. 146707 - ERNESTO DUMLAO, JR., ET AL. vs RODOLFO PONFERRADA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148090 - STRONGHOLD INSURANCE COMPANY, INC. vs NEMESIO S. FELIX, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148490 - 7K CORPORATION vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 148500-01 - TIMES TRANSPORTATION CO. INC. vs NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 148839-40 - NAGKAHIUSANG MAMUMUO SA PICOP RESOURCES, INC. - SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES FEDERATION OF LABOR (NAMAPRI - SPFL), ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 148971 - ALBERTO GARONG vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 149633 - EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR GABRIEL S. CASAL, ET AL. v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT

  • G.R. No. 149748 - JANG LIM, ET AL vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 149753 - Miguel Cosme, Jr. v. People of the Philippines

  • G.R. NO. 149764 - PHILIPPINE OVERSEAS TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION vs ENRIQUE GUTIERREZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150253 - DAVAO LIGHT AND POWER CORPORATION, INC. vs ANTONIO G. DIAZ, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 150402 - EPARWA SECURITY AND JANITORIAL SERVICES, INC. vs LICEO DE CAGAYAN UNIVERSITY

  • G.R. No. 152258 - ROGELIO P. ANTALAN vs ANIANO DESIERTO

  • G.R. No. 152984 - WILLIAM G. KWONG vs ATTY. RAMON GARGANTOS, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 154006 - STAR PAPER CORPORATION vs CARLITO ESPIRI TU, ET AL.

  • G.R. NO. 154565 - REMEDIOS RAMOS vs TESSIE PABAS

  • G.R. No. 154685 - METROPOLITAN BANK and TRUST COMPANY, ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 155645 - PHILIPPINE LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY, INC. vs MAYFLOR T. YLAGAN

  • G.R. No. 155574 - TIMOTEO A. GARCIA vs SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 156294 - MELVA THERESA ALVIAR GONZALES vs RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION

  • G. R. No. 156888 - PEDRO R. SANTIAGO vs SUBIC BAY METROPOLITAN AUTHORITY

  • G.R. No. 156903 - SPOUSES CARLOS and TERESITA RUSTIA vs EMERITA RIVERA

  • G.R. No. 157107 - ALPINE LENDING INVESTORS, ET AL. vs ESTRELLA CORPUZ

  • G.R. No. 157117 - COASTAL SUBIC BAY TERMINAL, INC. vs DEPARTMENT OF LABOR and EMPLOYMENT, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 157236-45 - ROMEO D. LONZANIDA vs SANDIGANBAYAN

  • G.R. No. 157906 - JOAQUINITA P. CAPILI vs SPS. DOMINADOR CARDAÑA and ROSALITA CARDAÑA,

  • G.R. No. 158676 - BPI-FAMILY SAVINGS BANK, INC. vs SPS. ZENAIDA DOMINGO & ABUNDIO S. DOMINGO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158707 - COMMUNITY RURAL BANK OF SAN ISIDRO (N.E.), INC. vs YSAGANI V. PAEZ

  • G.R. NOS. 157294-95 - JOSEPH VICTOR G. EJERCITO vs SANDIGANBAYAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 158960 - LORNA FRANCES FILIPINO vs F. WALTER R. MACABUHAY

  • G.R. No. 159373 - JOSE R. MORENO, JR. vs PRIVATE MANAGEMENT OFFICE

  • G.R. No. 159991 - CARMELINO F. PANSACOLA vs COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

  • G.R. No. 159734 and G.R. NO. 159745 - ROSARIO V. ASTUDILLO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 160347 - ARCADIO and MARIA LUISA CARANDANG vs HEIRS OF QUIRINO A. DE GUZMAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 160618 - DENNIS D. SY vs METROPOLITAN BANK & TRUST COMPANY

  • G.R. No. 160805 - SPOUSES ADIEL DE LA CENA and CARIDAD AREVALO DE LA CENA vs SPOUSES JOSE BRIONES and HERMINIA LLEDO BRIONES

  • G.R. No. 161086 - CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION vs COURT OF APPEALS

  • G.R. No. 161136 - WILFREDO VAGILIDAD, ET AL. vs GABINO VAGILIDAD, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 161115 - DOLE PHILIPPINES, INC. vs MEDEL ESTEVA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162037 - Heirs of Enrique Diaz v. Elinor A. Virata

  • G.R. No. 162243, G.R. No. 164516 & G.R. No. 171875 - HEHERSON ALVAREZ vs PICOP RESOURCES, INC.

  • G.R. No. 162308 - G & M PHILIPPINES, INC. vs ROMIL V. CUAMBOT

  • G.R. No. 162331 - LEPANTO CONSOLIDATED MINING CO. vs WMC RESOURCES INT L. PTY. LTD., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 162366 - FEDERICA M. SERRANO, ET AL. vs SPOUSES ANSELMO GUTIERREZ AND CARMELITA GUTIERREZ

  • G.R. No. 163735 - GREEN ASIA CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163712 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, ET AL. vs JOSE B. TAN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 163763 - MALAYAN REALTY, INC. vs UY HAN YONG

  • G.R. No. 164300 - SPOUSES BENJAMIN AND AGRIFINA SIM vs M.B. FINANCE CORPORATION

  • G.R. No. 164321 - SKECHERS, U.S.A., INC. vs INTER PACIFIC INDUSTRIAL TRADING CORP., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164545 - LORBE REBUCAN y BALTAZAR vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 165038 - HEIRS OF EMILIO R. DOMINGO AND FELICIDAD CORNEJO, ET AL. vs THE HEIRS OF CLARITA D. MARTIN, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 164858 - HENRY P. LANOT vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

  • G.R. No. 165724 - ZAMORA REALTY and DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, ET AL. vs OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 165879 - MARIA B. CHING vs JOSEPH C. GOYANKO, JR., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166403 - BENZON O. ALDEMITA vs HEIRS OF MELQUIADES SILVA

  • G.R. NOS. 166143-47 and G.R. NO. 166891 - ABDUSAKUR M. TAN, ET AL. vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166496 - JOSEFA BAUTISTA FERRER vs SPS. MANUEL M. FERRER, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166501 - ERNESTO B. FRANCISCO, JR. vs HON. BAYANI F. FERNANDO

  • G.R. No. 166649 - ROBERT B. CABUYOC vs INTER-ORIENT NAVIGATION SHIPMANAGEMENT, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166833 - FELIXBERTO CUBERO, ET AL. vs LAGUNA WEST MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 166837 - LIGAYA S. ORBETA vs RUBEN P. ORBETA, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 167680 - SAMUEL PARILLA, ET AL. vs DR. PROSPERO PILAR

  • G.R. No. 167723 - CLUB FILIPINO, INC. vs ROMEO ARAULLO

  • G.R. No. 167743 - HILARIO P. SORIANO vs OMBUDSMAN SIMEON V. MARCELO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 167844 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN vs COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168035 - MELANIE M. MESINA, ET AL. vs GLORIA C. GARCIA

  • G.R. No. 168718 - OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN vs FARIDA T. LUCERO, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 168694 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs SAIDAMIN MACABALANG y MALAMAMA

  • G.R. No. 169193 - SPOUSES ILUMINADA CAPITLE and CIRILO CAPITLE vs FORTUNATA ELBAMBUENA, ET AL.

  • G.R. NOS. 169295-96 - REMINGTON INDUSTRIAL SALES CORPORATION vs ERLINDA CASTANEDA

  • G.R. No. 169341 - City of Cebu v. Vicente B. Del Rosario

  • G.R. No. 169578 - TERESITA DIO vs ST. FERDINAND MEMORIAL PARK, INC., ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 169698 - LUPO ATIENZA vs YOLANDA DE CASTRO

  • G.R. No. 169891 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RAILWAYS vs ETHEL BRUNTY, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170220 - JOSEFINA S. LUBRICA, ET AL. vs LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 170522 - CELSO LOPEZ OCATE vs COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, ET AL.

  • G.R. No. 170829 - Perla G. Patricio v. Marcelino G. Dario III, et al.

  • G.R. No. 171102 - ATP TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL, INC. vs MICRON PRECISION PHILS., INC.

  • G.R. No. 170840 - THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs GREGORIO CARPIO @ "GORIO"

  • G.R. No. 171144 - SANTOS L. NACAYTUNA vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. NOS. 171322-24 - MARIANITO S. VICTORIANO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G.R. No. 172274 - ROMEO D. CABARLO vs PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES

  • G. R. No. 171447 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs FEDERICO ARNAIZ y ARMONIO

  • G.R. No. 173290 - ZENAIDA M. LIMBONA vs JUDGE RALPH S. LEE, ET AL.

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    G.R. No. 167723 - CLUB FILIPINO, INC.  vs  ROMEO ARAULLO

      G.R. No. 167723 - CLUB FILIPINO, INC. vs ROMEO ARAULLO

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    THIRD DIVISION

    [G.R. NO. 167723 : November 29, 2006]

    CLUB FILIPINO, INC., Petitioner, v. ROMEO ARAULLO, Respondent.

    D E C I S I O N

    CARPIO MORALES, J.:

    Challenged via Petition for Review is the Decision dated February 28, 2005 1 of the Court of Appeals in CA-GR SP No. 76926, "Romeo Araullo v. Club Filipino, Inc."

    Romeo Araullo (respondent) was the Maintenance Supervisor of Club Filipino (petitioner). On September 30, 2000, during a routine inspection of employees who were leaving the premises of petitioner's Club House, two brand new faucets were found inside respondent's traveling bag which he claimed to be his personal property. He was to present two days later OCG Trading Original Sales Invoice No. 379612 dated September 28, 2000 in the amount of P490 purportedly covering the sale to him of the faucets.

    On the same day, September 30, 2000, Ricardo Sesmar, the security-in-charge, by an Information Report,2 brought to the attention of the management the incident.

    Acting on the Report, Salvador Arinto, the Personnel Supervisor of the Club, required respondent to explain why no disciplinary action should be taken against him.3 Respondent maintained, however, that the faucets were his.

    An investigation of the incident was thus held on October 18, 2000 during which respondent presented evidence. Another was scheduled on December 8, 2000 during which respondent was given opportunity to present additional evidence but respondent failed to appear.

    By Report of December 11, 2000, the Investigating Committee recommended respondent's dismissal for loss of trust and confidence. A December 23, 2000 notice of termination was thus served upon him.4

    Subsequently or on January 24, 2001, respondent filed a complaint for illegal dismissal.5 By Decision of November 15, 2001,6 the Labor Arbiter, finding that respondent could no longer be trusted by petitioner, dismissed the complaint for lack of merit.

    Respondent filed an appeal to the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) which, by Decision of July 30, 2002,7 dismissed the same for lack of merit. By Resolution dated March 31, 2003,8 the NLRC denied respondent's Motion for Reconsideration.

    On respondent's petition for certiorari , the Court of Appeals, by Decision of February 28, 2005, reversed that of the NLRC, disposing as follows:

    WHEREFORE, the instant petition is GRANTED. The Decisions of the NLRC and the Labor Arbiter are vacated and set aside. Petitioner Araullo's dismissal is hereby declared illegal. Accordingly, the respondent Club Filipino is hereby ordered to reinstate Araullo to his former position without loss of seniority rights and to pay petitioner full back wages, inclusive of allowances, including 13th month pay, as well as other monetary benefits, computed from the time his compensation was withheld from him to the time of his reinstatement. Should reinstatement be no longer possible the respondent Club Filipino should instead pay Araullo separation pay equivalent to one month a day for every year of service, with the fraction of at least six (6) months be considered as one whole year.9

    Finding that the period of appeal had expired, respondent filed before the appellate court a Motion for Entry of Judgment.10 Before the appellate court could resolve the motion, it received a copy of a Petition for Review filed by petitioner before this Court, drawing the appellate court to deny respondent's motion on May 20, 2005.11

    In its Petition for Review,12 petitioner faults the appellate court for:

    1. . . . HOLDING AND TREATING THE ORIGINAL PETITION OF THE RESPONDENT AS A PETITION FOR CERTIORARI DESPITE THE ABSENCE OF THE ALLOWABLE LEGAL GROUNDS AS WELL AS THE REQUIRED FORMALITIES;

    2. . . . DECID[ING] IN A WAY NOT IN ACCORD WITH ARTICLE 282 par.(A), (C) AND (D) OF THE LABOR CODE AND EXTANT JURISPRUDENCE IN DECLARING THE DISMISSAL OF HEREIN RESPONDENT TO BE ILLEGAL.

    3. . . . DECIDING THAT THE COPY OF THE RESPONDENT'S RECEIPT BEARING SERIAL NO. 379612 CANNOT BE CONCLUDED AS TAMPERED DESPITE OF THE FACT THAT THE LABOR ARBITER AND THE NLRC MADE A CONCLUSIVE FINDINGS OF FACT ESTABLISHING THEREIN THAT THE RECEIPT IN POSSESSION OF THE RESPONDENT HAS BEEN TAMPERED AND FORGED.13

    For his part, respondent in his Comment14 argues that the Petition, apart from being fatally defective for lack of certification against forum-shopping, was filed beyond the reglementary period since it received the February 28, 2005 Decision of the appellate court on March 3, 2005 and, therefore, had up to March 18, 2005 to file the petition, but it filed the same only on April 27, 2005.

    To prove that petitioner received a copy of the Decision on March 3, 2005, respondent attached a certified photocopy of Registry Return Receipt No. 270615 covering the envelope containing the copy of said decision sent to petitioner's counsel, and a Certification of Proof of Service of registered letter No. 2706 dated April 25, 200516 of the San Juan Central Post Office which reads:

    x x x

    In connection with your inquiry, I hereby certify that Registered Letter No. 2706 addressed to [petitioner's counsel] Atty. Ernesto Tabao, Room 1004, 10th Floor Atlanta Center, 31 Annapolis Street, Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila, was delivered to and received by MELANIE P. ABEJERO17 - Secretary on MARCH 3, 2005.

    x x x x (Emphasis and underscoring supplied)cralawlibrary

    Respondent also submitted another Certification of Proof of Service dated May 12, 2005, which was notarized by Notary Public Romualdo C. Delos Santos, reiterating the contents of the certification18 earlier filed.

    In its Reply [to respondent's Comment] with Motion,19 petitioner moved for the admission of the thereto attached Verification and Certificate of Non-Forum Shopping and reiterated that a certified copy of the February 28, 2005 Decision was secured only in the morning of April 14, 2005 when, after receiving a copy of respondent's Motion for Entry of Judgment on April 13, 2005, its counsel sent a member of his staff to the Court of Appeals to check the status of the case. And it submitted a May 6, 200520 Affidavit of Melanie A. Intia (Melanie). Melanie, acknowledging that her maiden name is Abejero, the family name of the one who acknowledged receipt on March 3, 2005 of copy of the appellate court's decision addressed to petitioner's counsel, claimed that she had stopped using her maiden name after her marriage in December 2004 and had since been using the surname of her husband. And she denied having received a copy of the decision of the Court of Appeals, adding that:

    [the signature appearing on Registry Receipt No. 2706] although resembling my former signature when I was still single, suffers from very basic inconsistencies. In the first place [t]he M in my former signature is very prominent and enlarged as can be seen in my signature in my marriage contract (Annex "B"). Secondly, my B in my signature is not that prominent as that in the subject return card. More importantly, the "J" and the "R["] as appeared [sic] on the signature card is different from my former signature as appeared [sic] on the same marriage contract;21 (Underscoring supplied)cralawlibrary

    The present petition must fail.

    While the petition contains a verification and a Secretary's Certificate,22 it lacks a certification against forum-shopping which is generally not curable by the submission thereof after the filing of the petition, albeit the rule thereon may be relaxed on grounds of "substantial compliance" or "special circumstance or compelling reasons."23

    Even if the rule on certification against forum shopping were to be relaxed, however, the petition would still fail, the assailed Decision of the Court of Appeals having become final and executory.

    As earlier stated, Registry Return Card No. 2706 shows that a copy of the appellate court's decision addressed to petitioner's counsel was received on March 3, 2005 by his secretary Melanie. Genuino Ice Company, Inc. v. Magpantay24 teaches:

    The presumption is that the decision was delivered to a person in his office, [received by a person] who was duly authorized to receive papers for him, in the absence of proof to the contrary. It is likewise a fundamental rule that unless the contrary is proven, official duty is presumed to have been performed regularly and judicial proceedings regularly conducted, which includes the presumption of regularity of service of summons and other notices. The registry return of the registered mail as having been received is prima facie proof of the facts indicated therein. Thus, it was necessary for respondent (in this case, the petitioner) to rebut that legal presumption with competent and proper evidence. (Italics in the original, underscoring supplied)

    Melanie's above-stated affidavit does not suffice to overcome the presumption of regularity of the performance of the postmaster's official duty. The record is replete with documentary proof that, contrary to Melanie's claim, she continued using her maiden name Abejero even after her marriage in December 2004.25

    Melanie's claim that there are "very basic inconsistencies" between the signature appearing on the Registry Return Receipt and her signatures before her marriage, thereby implying that the signature attributed to her in the said receipt was forged, does not persuade.

    . . . The volume of work to be done and the numerous documents to be filled up and signed must likewise be considered.ςηαñrοblεš νιr υαl lαω lιbrαrÿ

    Verily, minor and insignificant variations in handwriting must be perceived as indicia of genuineness rather than of falsity.

    In Go Fay v. Bank of the Philippine Islands, this Court held that carelessness, spontaneity, unpremeditation, and speed in signing are evidence of genuineness. In U.S. v. Kosel, it was ruled that dissimilarity in certain letters in a handwriting may be attributed to the mental and physical condition of the signer and his position when he signed. Grief, anger, vexation, stimulant, pressure and weather have some influence in one's writing. Because of these, it is an accepted fact that it is very rare that two (2) specimens of a person's signature are exactly alike.26 (Italics in the original; Emphasis and underscoring supplied)

    In fine, the presumption of the regularity of the delivery by the postmaster of a copy of the appellate court's decision to Melanie has not been overcome. Consequently, the decision had become final and executory by the time the present petition was filed.

    The finality of a decision is a jurisdictional event which cannot be made to depend on the convenience of a party.27 Once a decision attains finality, it becomes the law of the case irrespective of whether the decision is erroneous or not.28

    WHEREFORE, the petition is DENIED. The February 28, 2005 Decision of the Court of Appeals is AFFIRMED.

    SO ORDERED.

    Endnotes:


    1 CA rollo, pp. 252-261. Penned by Justice Rosmari D. Carandang with the concurrence of Justices Remedios Salazar-Fernando and Monina Arevalo-Zenarosa.

    2 NLRC records, p. 25.

    3 Id. at 62.

    4 Id. at 94-95.

    5 Id. at 2-3.

    6 Id. at 131-139.

    7 Id. at 173-179.

    8 Id. at 248-251.

    9 CA rollo, p. 260.

    10 Id. at 264-266.

    11 Id. at 410.

    12 Rollo, pp. 3-32.

    13 Id. at 14.

    14 Id. at 122-140.

    15 Id. at 267. The original of Registry Return Receipt No. 2706 is attached on the reverse side of page 251 of the CA rollo.

    16 Id. at 162.

    17 Also spelled as Abijero in some parts of the records.

    18 Id. at 163.

    19 Id. at 209-220.

    20 Id. at 178-179.

    21 Id. at 178-179.

    22 In the Verification, the Secretary's Certificate was erroneously referred to as Annex "F" but was actually attached as Annex "G," rollo, p. 120.

    23 Mamaril v. Civil Service Commission, G.R. No. 164929, April 10, 2006, 487 SCRA 65, 73.

    24 G.R. No. 147790, June 27, 2006.

    25 Petitioner failed to rebut the following documentary evidence, enumerated by respondent in his Comment (rollo, p. 132):

    A. Certified xerox copy from the original record issued by Apolinaria C. Ramos, In-charge of Registry Recording Unit of San Juan Post Office clearly show that Registry Return Receipt Nos. 3220, 3399, 1989 and 691 all addressed to Atty. Ernesto P. Tabao of 31 Annapolis Street, Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila w[ere] received by M. Abejero on April 12, 2005.

    b. Certification of Proof of Service dated May 12, 2005 issued by Letter Carrier Floro Cabeltis, Jr. and attested by Juliana B. Panganiban, Chief Administrative Section, San Juan Post Office and [s]worn to before notary public Romualdo C. de los Santos;

    c. Certified xerox copy from the original record issued by Apolinaria C. Ramos, In-charge of Registry Recording Unit of San Juan Post Office clearly showing that Return Registry Receipt Nos. 1385, 1384, 2546 and 2706 all addressed to Atty. Ernesto P. Tabao and Westwood Law Office of 31 Annapolis Street, Greenhills, San Juan, Metro Manila w[ere] received by M. Abejero on March 3, 2005;

    d. Certified xerox copy of ORDER by Regional Trial Court, Branch 152 of Pasig City in Criminal Case No. 124896 show that it was signed and received by Melanie P. Abejero on February 23, 2005. (Emphasis and underscoring supplied by respondent )

    26 Punzalan v. COMELEC, 352 Phil. 538, 555 (1998).

    27 Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines, Inc. v. NLRC, 365 Phil. 598, 605 (1999); Niaconsult, Inc. v. NLRC, 334 Phil. 16, 21 (1997).

    28 Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines, Inc. v. NLRC, supra; Asuncion v. National Labor Relations Commission, G.R. No. 109311, June 17, 1997, 273 SCRA 498, 501.

    G.R. No. 167723 - CLUB FILIPINO, INC.  vs  ROMEO ARAULLO


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