Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > February 1909 Decisions > G.R. No. 4737 February 1, 1909 - ATANASIO PANDAQUILA v. MIGUEL GAZA, ET AL.

012 Phil 663:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

EN BANC

[G.R. No. 4737. February 1, 1909. ]

ATANASIO PANDAQUILA, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MIGUEL GAZA, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

P. G. Paraiso, for Appellants.

C. Oben, for Appellee.

SYLLABUS


1. REALTY; SALE WITH RIGHT OF REPURCHASE; RECIPROCAL RIGHTS OF SELLER AND PURCHASER. — In a contract of sale under pacto de retro, the rights of the seller and of the purchaser are reciprocal to the extent that if, in order to repurchase the former is obliged to pay the redemption price, the latter is in turn bound to restore and deliver the property redeemed; the plea that the purchaser made delivery of the thing to a third person whom he believed was better entitled to possess it can not serve as an excuse for the failure to comply with said obligation.

2. ID.; ID.; ID.; ACTION TO ENFORCE RIGHT OF REDEMPTION. — The seller land has a right of action to enforce the redemption thereof as against any other possessor who derived his right from the purchaser under pacto de retro, inasmuch as said action is of the nature of a real right.

3. ID.; ID.; ID.; HEIRS’ AND COOWNERS’ RIGHTS. — Whatever may have been the rights of other relatives of the seller in the property sold under pacto de retro, such rights are always reserved in their favor, and as against all heirs and coowners, but they can not serve as an excuse for the purchaser, who received the price of redemption, and operate to exempt him from fulfilling his obligation to return the redeemed property to the vendor who paid him the redemption money.


D E C I S I O N


TORRES, J. :


Subject to the issue of a separate statement setting forth the principles upon which this court has confirmed the judgment of the 29th of December, 1907, appealed from, whereby the defendants are sentenced to deliver to the plaintiff the land in question, and to pay the costs, with other relief stipulated therein, the same is hereby affirmed with the costs against the Appellant. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Mapa, Johnson, Carson, Willard and Tracey, JJ., concur.

BASIS OF THE DECISION.

FEBRUARY 10, 1909.

TORRES, J. :


On July 30, 1906, Atanasio Pandaquila filed in the Court of First Instance of La Laguna a complaint against Miguel Gaza, Felix Gaza, Eusebio de Austria, and Wenceslao Tabia, stating that on or about the morning of the 30th of June previous, he repurchased from the defendant Tabia a rice field that he had sold to the latter under pacto de retro; the said land is situated in the barrio of Palayan of the town of Lumbang Province of La Laguna, its boundaries and extension being described in the complaint; that on or about the afternoon of the aforesaid 30th of June the defendants Gaza and Austria began the usurpation of the land under the pretext that the defendant Tabia had delivered it to them for the purpose of cultivation; that the plaintiff, on making the repurchase, had undertaken to allow other persons to cultivate the land and that he will therefore suffer serious damages if he is not allowed to take possession so that said land may be cultivated by the said third persons; that then was the time to commence work in the fields in that barrio, so that if he were not able to cultivate his land at that time he would lose all the crop of that agricultural year; that the land produced a yearly crop of about 40 or 45 cavanes of rice; that the defendants had been requested to turn over the land in question but that they had failed to do so and actually continue to retain and cultivate it. For these reasons the plaintiff prayed the court to order the defendants to deliver him the possession of the aforesaid land, to prevent them from cultivating it and from disturbing the plaintiff in the possession and cultivation thereof, and that during the pendency of the suit the defendants be restrained from working said land and disturbing the plaintiff and his associates in their labor, and to this end offered to furnish the bond attached.

The defendants, on September 4 of that year, presented a demurrer to the complaint on the ground that the court had no jurisdiction over the subject-matter of the action; that there was a defect or misjoinder of parties defendant; that the complaint did not set forth facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action; that the same was vague, ambiguous, and unintelligible, and that there was another action pending between the same parties for the same cause before the said court; the defendants objected to the order of the court of August 31, entered in the record, and prayed that they be acquitted of the complaint with the costs against the plaintiff.

By an order dated October 13, 1906, the court below overruled the said demurrer, to which order the defendants duly excepted.

The defendants, with the exception of Wenceslao Tabia, that is, Miguel Gaza, Felix Gaza, and Eusebio de Austria, filed their answer to the complaint on October 17, 1906, in which they denied each and all the specific allegations contained in said complaint and, as a special defense, alleged: That the land described in the complaint is a communal property belonging pro indiviso to Atanasio Pandaquila, the plaintiff, Fernanda Pandaquila, widow of the late Candido Gaza, and Francisca Pandaquila, the two latter having the right to the legal possession thereof; that the defendants Miguel and Felix Gaza ale the sons of Fernanda Pandaquila and nephews of Francisca Pandaquila; that Eusebio de Austria is the son-in-law of Fernanda Pandaquila; that these defendants were in possession of the land merely as associates and representatives of the aforesaid Fernanda and Francisca Pandaquila for which reason they prayed the court to absolve them from the complaint with the costs against the plaintiff.

The defendant Wenceslao Tabia, in his answer to the complaint, alleged that he had no interest, real or substantial, in the land in controversy, or in the determination of the question as to whether said land should or should not be declared to be the property of the plaintiff, and therefore asked that he be acquitted of the complaint with the costs against the plaintiff.

On August 22, the plaintiff filed a motion asking the court to dismiss the prayer of the defendants as to the payment of costs by him, and also asked that his complaint be understood to be amended as follows: That the part of the petition which reads: "That during the pendency of the suit the defendants be restrained from cultivating the land and disturbing the plaintiff and his associates in their labor, for which purpose he furnished the attached bond," be substituted by the words: "That the defendants be sentenced to pay the plaintiff P150 as value of the crop for the agricultural year above referred to." His petition was admitted without objection on the part of the defendants.

The case was heard on August 5, 1907. Both parties submitted their respective proofs, and the exhibits were attached to the record. The court refused to admit as evidence the four land-tax receipts presented by the defendants for the purpose of proving the ownership and right to possession on the part of the defendant Miguel Gaza for the reason that such documents were not title deeds in favor of said defendants. The latter, on being informed of the ruling of the court, duly excepted thereto. On December 29, 1907, judgment was entered sentencing the defendants to deliver the land in question to the plaintiff, to pay the latter 95 cavanes of rice or the value thereof, and to the payment of the costs of the suit. To this judgment the defendants excepted.

By a motion dated February 8, 1908, the defendants stated that neither they nor their counsel had been notified of the decision of the court until February 4, 1908, on which date said counsel received a letter from the clerk of court, informing him that he had been notified of the final judgment on the 3d or 4th of January, 1908, and therefore the defendants excepted to the decision in the case.

On February 10, 1908, counsel for defendants asked that said judgment be annulled and that a new trial be ordered, with the immediate suspension of the order of the court issued on the 5th of that month for the execution of the judgment, during the pendency of the suit, alleging that said judgment was contrary to law and that the findings of fact were manifestly contrary to the weight of the evidence, the motion being accompanied by an affidavit of the attorney-at-law, Pedro G. Paraiso, as well as by affidavits by each of the defendants, wherein they allege that they had not received trustworthy information of the decision entered in the case until February 8, 1908, on which date they were notified thereof by the attorney Paraiso. By an order of the 11th of the same month, the execution of the above-mentioned judgment was stayed under a bond of P2,000 filed by the defendants.

The plaintiff, in his turn, on February 25, presented a motion objecting to the admission of the bill of exceptions on the ground that it was improper and was filed after the time fixed by law for its preparation had more than expired, and he asked that the judgment be declared final and that the execution be accomplished, and, in the event that the court should not grant the motion, that the bill of exceptions be amended by making the proceedings mentioned in paragraph 3 of his petition part thereof.

On March 10, 1908, the court approved the bill of exceptions with the amendments proposed by appellee, and ordered it forwarded to the clerk of this court, holding that it was beyond the jurisdiction of the court to decide the question of law raised by the appellee as to the admissibility of the appeal presented by the appellants.

By another order, which must have been of April 6, the court below overruled the motion for a new trial filed by the defendants on February 10, 1908, to which ruling counsel for defendants duly excepted.

The following are indisputable facts admitted and acknowledged by the contending parties: That the land in question was the property of the late Lucio Pandaquila, father of the plaintiff Atanasio and of Francisca and Fernanda, all of the surname of Pandaquila, the two last being the antecessors of the defendants Gaza and Austria; and that the said deceased, during his lifetime, parted with the land first to Anton Patalim, and later to other parties, so that the plaintiff, on returning to his town after an absence of several years in the military service of the former sovereignty, in order to recover said land, was obliged to repurchase it from the spouses named Jacob and Salvadora, who were then in possession of the land as the owners thereof.

The land having been recovered, plaintiff in his turn sold it under pacto de retro to Wenceslao Tabia, from whom he repurchased it on June 30, 1906; but Tabia, in spite of having received the price of the repurchase, did not return the land to the purchaser, but, on the same date on which the repurchase took place, delivered to and permitted the defendants Miguel and Felix Gaza and Eusebio de Austria to take possession of the land, thereby failing to comply with the obligation contracted with the plaintiff who had paid him the repurchase price.

During the trial of the case, and at the time of making his sworn statement, Atanasio Pandaquila, in order to prove that he it was who had sold the land in litigation to Wenceslao Tabia and afterwards repurchased it for the sum of P340, presented in court the document marked "A," executed by Tabia. The latter immediately acknowledged the authenticity of said document, as well as the signature appearing at the foot as being his own. That document was written in Tagalog, the translation of which appears on the following page and is of the following tenor:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"I, the undersigned, Wenceslao Tabia, hereby declare that I have received from Atanasio Pandaquila the sum of three hundred and forty pesos, as the redemption price of the land in Palayan which he mortgaged to me. The instrument of mortgage was burnt, so that I could not deliver it to him. I also declare that of the sum of three hundred and forty pesos, which is the price of the redemption, three hundred pesos only is the amount of the mortgage, and that the sum of forty pesos is an increase, for which reason the redemption price amounted to three hundred and forty pesos. In witness whereof I sign. Lumban, June 30, 1906. (Sgd.) Wenceslao Tabia."cralaw virtua1aw library

With this translation the counsel for defendants does not at all agree, and on appeal presented another translation of said Tagalog document, which is of the following tenor:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"I, the undersigned, Wenceslao Tabia, hereby declare that I have received from Atanasio Pandaquila the sum of three hundred and forty pesos, as the redemption price of the land in Palayan which he mortgaged to me (isinanla). The instrument of mortgage was burnt, so that I could not deliver it to him. I also declare that of the sum of three hundred and forty pesos, which is the amount of the redemption, three hundred pesos only is the amount of the mortgage, and that the sum of forty pesos is an increase asked by them (paragdag nila), for which reason the redemption price amounted to three hundred and forty pesos. In witness whereof I have signed. Wenceslao Tabia."cralaw virtua1aw library

Although this difference exists between the translations, in the first of which is omitted the translation of the Tagalog word nila, and in the second, the same word is translated as by them, the truth is that the plaintiff Atanasio Pandaquila was the one who mortgaged or sold the said land under pacto de retro to Wenceslao Tabia and was also the only one who redeemed it, by paying the sum of P340, as appears in the document, Exhibit A, above referred to, without any intervention on the part of his sisters Francisca and Fernanda, or of other relatives who might have an interest in said land.

Whatever hereditary rights the above-mentioned sisters may have to the land derived from their father, such rights can always be enforced against any coheir or co-owner, but in no manner could they be an obstacle to compliance by Wenceslao Tabia, who resold the land to the man who had previously sold it to him under pacto de retro, with the obligation to deliver to the vendor Atanasio Pandaquila the land repurchased or redeemed.

Article 1461 of the Civil Code provides that a vendor is bound to deliver and warrant the thing which is the object of the sale. Article 1462 also provides that a thing sold shall be considered as delivered when it is placed in the hands and possession of the vendee. Wenceslao Tabia, far from complying with this obligation, violated the law governing it and delivered the redeemed land to third persons who, it seems, were his former associates in the land, and who, of course, are unable to show title and have no rights whatever thereto. As the sisters of the plaintiff, Francisca and Fernanda, are living, and even though they have certain rights in the land in question, yet the sons and son-in-law of one of them, i. e., the defendants Miguel and Felix Gaza and Eusebio Austria, can have no right to the possession of the land, and the fact that they retain it in connivance with the purchaser Wenceslao Tabia, makes them but mere usurpers and unlawful detainers of property which does not belong to them and to which they have absolutely no rights. Article 1510 of the Civil Code provides:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"The vendor may bring his action against every possessor whose right arises from that of the vendee, even though in the second contract no mention should have been made of the conventional redemption; without prejudice to the provisions of the Mortgage Law with regard to third persons."cralaw virtua1aw library

In accordance with the foregoing legal provision the plaintiff, Atanasio, as the vendor of the land, is entitled to bring suit against every possessor whose right arises or is derived from any that the purchaser Wenceslao Tabia may have had, and with still greater right can such an action be brought against those who occupy the land by means of illegal actions on the part of said Tabia. It is unnecessary for us to deal with the question as to whether the defendants herein should be considered as the third parties referred to in the Mortgage Law, inasmuch as they do not show nor allege any right duly recorded in the registry of property.

If the plaintiff Atanasio Pandaquila complied with his obligation by paying to Tabia the redemption price, as proven by the document executed and signed by the first purchaser, Wenceslao Tabia, it is just and equitable that the latter, in his turn, should comply with the unavoidable obligation to deliver the thing redeemed to the person who paid the redemption price, without prejudice to the right of those who consider themselves entitled to the ownership of said land, which would not have been returned to the possession of the plaintiff if he had not redeemed it.

From the foregoing considerations the conclusion is that the judgment appealed from should be affirmed, except in so far as it refers to the restitution of 95 cavanes of rice, or the value thereof, on account of lack of sufficient evidence upon which to base a finding to that effect, with the understanding, however, that in the decision confirming the judgment of the lower court there must necessarily be included the overruling of the motion filed by the counsel for appellants in this instance, asking leave to amend the complaint so as to include therein, as parties defendant, the above-mentioned Fernanda and Francisca Pandaquila, because the confirmation of the judgment appealed by the defendants involves the holding that its reversal and the acquittal of said defendants be denied, as also the amendment to the complaint is considered improper for the reasons above stated and because there is no legal provision which authorizes its admission under the circumstances. In affirming the Judgment it is not possible to grant the motion to amend the complaint; on the contrary, it must necessarily be understood that said motion is denied.

By virtue of the foregoing considerations the assignment of errors imputed to the judgment appealed from were answered or refuted; and with regard to the jurisdiction of the judge who tried the suit in the court below, it appears that said judge, Mr. Cui, heard this and other cases of the court of La Laguna by virtue of express authority of the Executive, and entered the judgment therein according to the provisions of Act No. 867.

In view, therefore, of the reasons above stated, we are of the opinion that the judgment appealed from should be affirmed, except only in so far as it orders the return of the fruits, or the value thereof, as appears in said judgment, with the costs against the appellants.

Arellano C.J., Mapa, Johnson and Willard, JJ., concur.




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  • G.R. No. 5012 April 2, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF U.S. IN THE PHIL. ISLANDS v. PERDO CARMEN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 455

  • G.R. No. 4129 April 12, 1909 - ESTEBAN BERSABAL v. ANTONIO BERNAL

    013 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 4130 April 12, 1909 - REFINO BANES, ET AL. v. JACINTO CORDERO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 466

  • G.R. No. 4454 April 12, 1909 - EX PARTE JUAN ONDEVILLA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 470

  • G.R. No. 4501 April 12, 1909 - LA COMPAÑIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. ROMANA GANSON

    013 Phil 472

  • G.R. No. 4922 April 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EULOGIO REYES CARRILLO

    013 Phil 479

  • G.R. No. 4502 April 13, 1909 - LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. ROMANA GANZON

    013 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 3075 April 14, 1909 - ROMAN CATHOLIC APOSTOLIC CHURCH v. PROVINCE OF OCCIDENTAL NEGROS

    013 Phil 486

  • G.R. No. 4394 April 19, 1909 - FRANCISCO T. FIGUERAS v. ROCHA & CO.

    013 Phil 504

  • G.R. No. 4704 April 26, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN GIL

    013 Phil 530

  • G.R. No. 4999 May 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MELECIO VARGAS

    013 Phil 554

  • G.R. No. 4895 June 15, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. W. O. BINGHAM, ET AL.

    013 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 4773 July 13, 1909 - MANILA BUILDING and LOAN ASSOCIATION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 575

  • G.R. No. 4960 July 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CIRIACO HERRERA

    013 Phil 583

  • G.R. No. 4290 July 21, 1909 - ROBERT V. DELL v. MANILA ELECTRIC RAILROAD AND LIGHT COMPANY

    013 Phil 585

  • G.R. No. 4881 July 24, 1909 - JOSE LIM v. DOMINGO LIM

    013 Phil 605

  • G.R. No. 1917 July 26, 1909 - CATALINIBALDERAMA v. LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 609

  • G.R. No. 5190 July 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE CONSUELO

    013 Phil 612

  • G.R. No. 5109 July 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO BARBICHO

    013 Phil 616

  • G.R. No. 2905 August 3, 1909 - LA VIUDA DE SOLER v. AURELIO RUSCA.

    013 Phil 622

  • G.R. No. 3228 August 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES ET AL. v. WENCESLAO MERCADO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 624

  • G.R. No. 4163 August 4, 1909 - ED BANCO ESPAÑOL-FILIPINO v. FULGENCIO TAN-TONGCO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 628

  • G.R. No. 2894 August 5, 1909 - JOSE LASERNA TUPAZ v. RAFAEL LOZADA

    013 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 5114 August 5, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BARTOLOME ARREGLADO

    013 Phil 660

  • G.R. No. 2085 August 10, 1909 - TIBURCIO SAENZ v. FIGUERAS HERMANOS

    013 Phil 666

  • G.R. No. 5154 August 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO SUPILA

    013 Phil 671

  • G.R. No. 3666 August 17, 1909 - CITY OF MANILA v. FRANCISCO GAMBE

    013 Phil 677

  • G.R. No. 5184 August 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PLATON IBAÑEZ

    013 Phil 686

  • G.R. No. 343 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. DANIEL RIOTA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 4378 August 18, 1909 - CHAN KEEP, ET AL. v. LEON CHAN GIOCO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 5

  • G.R. No. 4507 August 18, 1909 - MACARIA MANUEL, ET AL. v. FRIDOLIN WIGETT, ET AL.

    014 Phil 9

  • G.R. No. 4859 August 18, 1909 - MANUEL JIMENO, ET AL. v. LOPE GACILAGO

    014 Phil 16

  • G.R. No. 5071 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJANDRO CAS

    014 Phil 21

  • G.R. No. 5111 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE REYES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 27

  • G.R. No. 5220 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MIGUEL PINDONG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 5235 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTEBAN CELESTINO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 34

  • G.R. No. 5110 August 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FABIANA LEGASPI, ET AL.

    014 Phil 38

  • G.R. No. 4045 August 23, 1909 - ILDEFONSO DORONILA v. GRACIANO GONZAGA

    014 Phil 42

  • G.R. No. 4674 August 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTORIANO PANALIGAN

    014 Phil 46

  • G.R. No. 3377 August 24, 1909 - BONIFACIO PIMENTEL v. EUGENIO GUTIERREZ

    014 Phil 49

  • G.R. No. 4918 August 26, 1909 - FELICIANA DARIANO v. JOSE FERNANDEZ FIDALGO

    014 Phil 62

  • G.R. No. 3989 August 28, 1909 - LI HANG SHEONG v. VENANCIO C. DIAZ

    014 Phil 68

  • G.R. No. 4426 August 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BENITO FILOTEO

    014 Phil 73

  • G.R. No. 5292 August 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MORO MANALINDE

    014 Phil 77

  • G.R. No. 5153 September 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BARTOLOME MIJARES

    014 Phil 83

  • G.R. No. 5171 September 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LAO LOCK HING

    014 Phil 86

  • G.R. No. 5126 September 2, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CATALINO APOSTOL

    014 Phil 92

  • G.R. No. 3862 September 6, 1909 - JUAN G. BOSQUE v. YU CHIPCO

    014 Phil 95

  • G.R. No. 4437 September 9, 1909 - TOMAS OSMEÑA v. CENONA RAMA

    014 Phil 99

  • G.R. No. 4471 September 9, 1909 - DAMASA SEGUI v. CANDIDO SEGUI

    014 Phil 102

  • G.R. No. 5273 September 9, 1909 - FRANCISCA JOSE v. WENCESLAUA DAMIAN

    014 Phil 104

  • G.R. No. 5067 September 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CORNELIO MANALO

    016 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 5618 September 14, 1909 - IN RE: H. G. SMITH

    014 Phil 112

  • G.R. No. 4177 September 15, 1909 - AGATON ARANETA v. BRAULIO MONTELIBANO

    014 Phil 117

  • G.R. No. 4235 September 15, 1909 - SANTIAGO TIN FIAN v. PABLO TAN

    014 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. 4963 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. GO CHICO

    014 Phil 128

  • G.R. No. 5156 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SEBASTIAN MISOLA

    014 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. 5165 September 15, 1909 - GERVASIO UNSON v. SEGUNDO ABRERA

    014 Phil 146

  • G.R. No. 5185 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BENITO MENESES

    014 Phil 151

  • G.R. No. 5150 September 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MARCIANO LOPEZ

    014 Phil 155

  • G.R. No. 4236 September 18, 1909 - SANTIAGO TIU FIAN v. HILARIO YAP

    014 Phil 158

  • G.R. No. 4445 September 18, 1909 - CATALINA BUGNAO v. FRANCISCO UBAG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 163

  • G.R. No. 4609 September 18, 1909 - QUE YONG KENG v. RAFAEL TAN QUICO

    014 Phil 173

  • G.R. No. 4694 September 18, 1909 - ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF MANILA v. MUN. OF ROSARIO

    014 Phil 176

  • G.R. No. 4887 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOLAS JAVELLANA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 186

  • G.R. No. 4973 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BERNABE CATIPON, ET AL.

    014 Phil 188

  • G.R. No. 5003 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FELIX DE JESUS

    014 Phil 190

  • G.R. No. 5262 September 18, 1909 - FRANCISCO ROSA HERNANDEZ, ET AL. v. MELECIO PADUA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 194

  • G.R. No. 4263 September 22, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTEFANIA MENDOZA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 198

  • G.R. No. 4837 September 22, 1909 - FRANCISCO IMPERIAL v. JOSE ALEJANDRE

    014 Phil 203

  • G.R. No. 4234 September 23, 1909 - RUPERTA ORAIS v. JACINTA ESCAÑO

    014 Phil 208

  • G.R. No. 4759 September 23, 1909 - SEBASTIAN CABILLAS v. ALFONSO APDUHAN, ET AL.

    014 Phil 213

  • G.R. No. 4971 September 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AUGUSTUS HICKS

    014 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. 5194 September 23, 1909 - CHINESE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE v. PUA TE CHING, ET AL.

    014 Phil 222

  • G.R. No. 5108 September 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOMEDES MORALES

    014 Phil 227

  • G.R. No. 4526 October 4, 1909 - TOMAS FORTUNA v. RUFINO VILORIA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 232

  • G.R. No. 4602 October 4, 1909 - JUAN CO v. JAMES J. RAFFERTY

    014 Phil 235

  • G.R. No. 5332 October 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. TEODORO BAGUIO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 240

  • G.R. No. 4663 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO CABOLA ET AL.

    016 Phil 657

  • G.R. No. 4846 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE MAQUIRAYA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 243

  • G.R. No. 4970 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SERAPIO ARTICHO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 248

  • G.R. No. 5138 October 9, 1909 - JOSE MCMICKING v. DOMINGO TREMOYA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 252

  • G.R. No. 5423 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SERAPIO POQUIS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 261

  • G.R. No. 4009 October 11, 1909 - NICOLASA ARINGO v. URBANA ARENA

    014 Phil 263

  • G.R. No. 4339 October 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PONCIANO TREYES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 270

  • G.R. No. 3865 October 16, 1909 - GREGORIO FERNANDEZ v. MLA. ELECTRIC RAILROAD AND LIGHT CO.

    014 Phil 274

  • G.R. No. 4362 October 19, 1909 - INSULAR GOV’T. v. DOROTEO NICO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 288

  • G.R. No. 4606 October 19, 1909 - JUAN RODRIGUEZ v. FINDLAY & CO.

    014 Phil 294

  • G.R. No. 5297 October 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MARTINA BACAS

    014 Phil 308

  • G.R. No. 4935 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JAMES L. BROBST

    014 Phil 310

  • G.R. No. 4998 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE C. SEDANO

    014 Phil 338

  • G.R. No. 5069 October 25, 1909 - TAN CHUCO v. YORKSHIRE FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE CO.

    014 Phil 346

  • G.R. No. 5083 October 25, 1909 - TOMAS SUNICO v. JOSE VILLAPANDO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 352

  • G.R. No. 5167 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JULIAN MENESES

    014 Phil 357

  • G.R. No. 5227 October 25, 1909 - INT’L. BANKING CORP. v. PILAR CORRALES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 360

  • G.R. No. 4102 October 26, 1909 - JOSE CARDELL v. RAMON MAÑERU, ET AL.

    014 Phil 368

  • G.R. No. 5072 October 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SANTIAGO AUSTERO

    014 Phil 377

  • G.R. No. 5424 October 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PRUDENCIO SOTO

    014 Phil 384

  • G.R. No. 4974 October 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOLAS GUTIERREZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 388

  • G.R. No. 5098 October 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VENANCIO MONASTERIAL, ET AL.

    014 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 4934 October 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. A. C. V. ROSA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 394

  • G.R. No. 5100 November 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EMILIO BEDOYA

    014 Phil 397

  • G.R. No. 5386 November 8, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ARSENIO PALACIO

    016 Phil 660

  • G.R. No. 4975 November 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SANTIAGO NARVAS

    014 Phil 410

  • G.R. No. 5373 November 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CLAUDIO DE SILVA

    014 Phil 413

  • G.R. No. 4947 November 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PABLO RAYMUNDO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 416

  • G.R. No. 5181 November 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ANACLETO ABAD

    014 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 4932 November 16, 1909 - WARNER, BARNES & CO. v. RAMON F. SANTOS

    014 Phil 446

  • G.R. No. 5348 November 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJO PAGUIRIGAN

    014 Phil 450

  • G.R. No. 5503 November 16, 1909 - CATALINA MONTEMAYOR v. MATEO CUNANAN

    014 Phil 454

  • G.R. No. 4752 November 17, 1909 - FLORENTINO CORDERO v. PEDRO CABIGTING

    014 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 5036 November 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LUCIANO MALEZA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 468

  • G.R. No. 5240 November 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LINO EGUIA LIM BUANCO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 472

  • G.R. No. 5432 November 20, 1909 - TOMAS INOCENCIO v. MIGUEL GATPANDAN, ET AL.

    014 Phil 491

  • G.R. No. 4996 November 26, 1909 - VICTORIANO SIGUENZA v. MUN. OF HINIGARAN

    014 Phil 495

  • G.R. No. 5009 November 26, 1909 - TOMAS SUNICO v. MANUEL RAMIREZ

    014 Phil 500

  • G.R. No. 4976 November 27, 1909 - A. J. EVELAND v. EASTERN MINING CO.

    014 Phil 509

  • G.R. No. 4709 November 29, 1909 - CHAN SUANCO v. DOROTEO ALONSO

    014 Phil 517

  • G.R. No. 5115 November 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MANUEL SAMANIEGO, ET AL.

    016 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. 5208 December 1, 1909 - KUENZLE & STREIFF v. JOSE TAN SUNCO ET AL.

    016 Phil 670

  • G.R. No. 5044 December 1, 1909 - EDWIN CASE v. HEIRS OF TUASON Y SANTIBAÑEZ

    014 Phil 521

  • G.R. No. 5075 December 1, 1909 - MAURICIO RAMIREZ v. SIMEON BAUTISTA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 528

  • G.R. No. 4815 December 2, 1909 - LA YEBANA CO. v. FRANCISCO CHUA SECO & CO.

    014 Phil 535

  • G.R. No. 5096 December 2, 1909 - RAMON MORTERA v. INOCENTE MARTINEZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 541

  • G.R. No. 5244 December 2, 1909 - EULOGIO TRIA v. RAMON ORTIZ

    014 Phil 551

  • G.R. No. 5306 December 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FERNANDO JARABAS

    014 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 5307 December 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE GONZAGA CHANGCO

    014 Phil 562

  • G.R. No. 5210 December 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VALERIA DE CHAVES

    014 Phil 565

  • G.R. No. 5385 December 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. GREGORIO DOMINGO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 569

  • G.R. No. 5275 December 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJANDRO BAUTISTA

    014 Phil 579

  • G.R. No. 4871 December 10, 1909 - LEONCIO IMPERIAL v. ALFONSA TOLEDO

    014 Phil 584

  • G.R. No. 5313 December 10, 1909 - JUANA ESPIRITU v. A. S. CROSSFIELD, ET AL.

    014 Phil 588

  • G.R. No. 5217 December 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. DANIEL LOPEZ

    014 Phil 593

  • G.R. No. 5344 December 14, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VALERIANA DEUDA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 595

  • G.R. No. 5202 December 16, 1909 - YAP UNKI v. CHUA JAMCO

    014 Phil 602

  • G.R. No. 5295 December 16, 1909 - KUENZLE & STREIFF v. MACKE & CHANDLER, ET AL.

    014 Phil 610

  • G.R. No. 5393 December 16, 1909 - PEDRO TIRANGBUAYA, ET AL. v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF RIZAL, ET AL.

    014 Phil 613

  • G.R. No. 5200 December 17, 1909 - VICENTE BANDOY, ET AL. v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LA LAGUNA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 621

  • G.R. No. 5397 December 17, 1909 - FABIANA C. ARRIOLA v. CAROLINA GOMEZ DE LA SERNA

    014 Phil 627

  • G.R. No. 4667 December 18, 1909 - GEO. M. LACK, ET AL. v. PANTALEONA ALONSO Y SAN LUIS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 630

  • G.R. No. 5256 December 21, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EUSTASIO HERNANDEZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 638

  • G.R. No. 5329 December 21, 1909 - SABINA CRUZ HERRERA DE LUKBAN v. JOSE McMICKING

    014 Phil 641

  • G.R. No. 5318 December 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. RAFAEL BUMANGLAG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 644

  • G.R. No. 5534 December 23, 1909 - HERBERT S. WALKER, ET AL. v. JOSE MCMICKING

    014 Phil 668

  • G.R. No. 4724 December 24, 1909 - GREGORIA MONTAÑANO v. SILVESTRE SUESA

    014 Phil 676

  • G.R. No. 5760 December 24, 1909 - MARTIN OCAMPO, ET AL. v. J. C. JENKINS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 681

  • G.R. No. 4280 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JULIO BUSTOS

    013 Phil 690

  • G.R. No. 4206 February 1, 1909 - VICENTE M. SANDOVAL v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    012 Phil 648

  • G.R. No. 4717 February 1, 1909 - RAFAEL O. RAMOS v. TOMAS LEDESMA

    012 Phil 656

  • G.R. No. 4737 February 1, 1909 - ATANASIO PANDAQUILA v. MIGUEL GAZA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. 4785 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. HIGINIO DE LA SERNA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 672

  • G.R. No. 4839 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SY QUIAT

    012 Phil 676

  • G.R. No. 4852 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE CALIMAG

    012 Phil 687

  • G.R. No. 4373 February 2, 1909 - SAMUEL BISCHOFF v. JUAN D. POMAR, ET AL.

    012 Phil 690

  • G.R. No. 4589 February 3, 1909 - GERONIMO DE GUZMAN v. JOAQUINA ORTIZ

    012 Phil 701

  • G.R. No. 4838 February 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LIM CO

    012 Phil 703

  • G.R. No. 4013 February 4, 1909 - JUSTO GUIDO, ET AL. v. AGUSTIN DE BORJA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 718

  • G.R. No. 4904 February 5, 1909 - ROSALIA MARTINEZ v. ANGEL TAN

    012 Phil 731

  • G.R. No. 4723 February 8, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. TAN TAYCO, ET AL.

    012 Phil 739

  • G.R. No. 4566 February 9, 1909 - YUENG SHENG EXCHANGE AND TRADING COMPANY v. G. URRUTIA & CO., ET AL.

    012 Phil 747

  • G.R. No. 4910 February 10, 1909 - MARIA DE LA CONCEPCION VACANI v. ENRIQUE LLOPIS

    012 Phil 754

  • G.R. No. 4415 February 13, 1909 - PAULINO DOLIENDO, ET AL. v. SANTOS DEPIÑO, ET AL.

    012 Phil 758

  • G.R. No. 4758 February 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. T. E. SANTOS

    013 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 4794 February 16, 1909 - WARNER v. ROMAN AND CIRILO JAUCIAN

    013 Phil 4

  • G.R. No. 4392 February 17, 1909 - PATRICIO UBEDA v. AGAPITO ZIALCITA

    013 Phil 11

  • G.R. No. 4790 February 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION

    013 Phil 21

  • G.R. No. 4216 February 19, 1909 - KUENZLE & STEREIFF v. A. S. WATSON & CO., ET AL.

    013 Phil 26

  • G.R. No. 4943 February 19, 1909 - JEREMIAH J. HARTY v. ANGEL LUNA

    013 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 4939 February 20, 1909 - PHILIPPINE RAILWAY COMPANY v. ESTEBAN SOLON

    013 Phil 34

  • G.R. No. 5028 February 20, 1909 - JUANA VALENCIA v. CARMEN DE ROXAS

    013 Phil 45

  • G.R. No. 5085 February 20, 1909 - IN RE: JUAN TOLEDO

    013 Phil 48

  • G.R. No. 4386 February 24, 1909 - CHANG YONG TEK v. GENEROSA SANTOS

    013 Phil 52

  • G.R. No. 4868 February 24, 1909 - JUAN SISON v. FAUSTINO RAMOS

    013 Phil 54

  • G.R. No. 4878 February 27, 1909 - IN RE: JOAQUINA MIJARES DE FARIÑAS v. VICENTE LAVIN

    013 Phil 63