Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > February 1909 Decisions > G.R. No. 5096 December 2, 1909 - RAMON MORTERA v. INOCENTE MARTINEZ, ET AL.

014 Phil 541:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

FIRST DIVISION

[G.R. No. 5096. December 2, 1909. ]

RAMON MORTERA, Petitioner-Appellee, v. INOCENTE MARTINEZ, ET AL., opponents-appellants.

Leocadio Joaquin for Appellants.

Haussermann & Cohn for Appellee.

SYLLABUS


1. "PACTO DE RETRO;" CIVIL CODE, ARTICLES 1507 TO 1520 NOT REPEALED. — Articles 1507 to 1520 of the Civil Code have not been repealed, either expressly or by implication, by subsection (c) of section 6 of Act No. 1108 of the Philippine Commission, and therefore the well-known form of contract of sale with pacto de retro still subsists.

2. ID.; REGISTRATION; "PACTO DE RETRO" DISTINGUISHED FROM MORTGAGE. — Subsection (e) of section 6 of Act No. 1108 authorizes the registration of instruments of sale with pacto de retro in the registry of property, at the request of the person selling the realty, under the same conditions and in the same manner as mortgages in loan contracts secured by mortgage; but said law has not considered the latter contract as being the same as that of sale with pacto de retro, for the reason that the two are entirely different in nature and character. (Art. 1507 et seq., arts. 1857 to 1862 and 1874 et seq., Civil Code; Villaruel v. Encarnacion, 5 Phil. Rep., 360.)

3. ID.; ID.; ACTION TO ENFORCE REDEMPTION. — The provision which authorizes the registration of an instrument of sale with pacto de retro at the request of the seller of the realty is not incompatible with the articles of the Civil Code that deal with such contract; according to article 1510, an action to enforce the redemption of the property sold may be maintained against every possessor who derived his right from the purchaser with pacto de retro, for the said action is real in character, and not merely personal; therefore, the right of the owner of the realty coexist with that of the purchaser, and the document may be entered in the registry.


D E C I S I O N


TORRES, J. :


On the 23d of August, 1907, Jose de Guzman filed a petition with the Court of Land Registration requesting that the property of which he is the absolute owner be registered in accordance with the Land Registration Act. Said property consists of a parcel of land together with all improvements thereon, with the exception of some small houses of light materials belonging to Benedicto Martinez, Maria Dianquina, Macario Fornilosa, Pablo Cacatian, Isidro Martinez, Sebastian Martinez, and Exequiela Buñi; the said land is bounded on the northeast by the property of Ambrosio Cariquitan, heirs of Nicasio Aguirre and Jacinto Buenagala; on the southeast by that of Ramon Mortera y Javier Camatcho; on the southwest by Calle Washington, and on the northwest by Calle Taft; said land has an area of 4,545 square meters, and appears more fully described in the plan and specifications attached to the petition as Exhibit 1, and made a part thereof.

At the last assessment the property with the improvements thereon was assessed at P1,818, and according to the best knowledge and belief of the petitioner no incumbrance of any kind exist upon it, nor does any person consider himself entitled thereto or possessing any interest therein; the property is now occupied by the said Benedicto Martinez, Maria Dianquina, Macario Fornilosa, Pablo Cacatian, Isidro Martinez, Sebastian Martinez, and Exequiela Buñi.

The property was purchased by the petitioner on the 23d of May, 1907, from Inocente Martinez y Ticson for the sum of P1,306, by means of an instrument drawn up by Francisco Godinez y Galan, his attorney in fact and legal representative before the notary Joaquin Rodriguez Serra; said instrument was duly recorded in the registry of deeds of La Laguna under No. 332, entry No. 44, volume 3 of May of said year, the vendor, Inocente Martinez, reserving the right to redeem or repurchase the property for the same price and conditions within a period of forty days counted from said date until the 2d of July, 1907. It was stipulated in the said instrument that if the period for redemption should expire without the vendor availing himself of his right to repurchase the sale to the petitioner would become finally consummated and irrevocable.

The term agreed upon expired without the vendor or his agents availing themselves of the right of repurchase, so the registrar of La Laguna, at the request of the petitioner, recorded the confirmation of the ownership in his favor under entry No. 339 of book 2, folios 181 and 182, on the 5th day of July, 1907. Various documents relating to the petition were attached thereto and numbered from 1 to 9.

After the foregoing petition was presented, and due summons had been served on the owners of the adjoining lands and other interested parties, Inocente Martinez and Exequiela Buñi opposed the registration asked for. On the 5th of July, 1908, Jose de Guzman set forth in writing that by means of a public instrument, ratified on August 20, 1907, before the notary Williams, the exponent had sold to Ramon Mortera y Javier Camatcho the land sought to be registered in these proceedings, for which reason the latter is the sole proprietor of the said property, and the decree granting the registration of the land should properly be made in favor of Mortera, and that his name should be substituted from said date as the petitioner in this case. In support of his averment he offered in evidence the bill of sale appearing at folio 56 of the record as Exhibit H.

By a writing dated June 9, 1908, Inocente Martinez stated that he objected to the registration applied for by Jose de Guzman on the ground that according to the power of attorney granted to Francisco Godinez, the latter was not authorized by his principal to sell the property with pacto de retro unless within the legal term established by article 1508 of the Civil Code; that the said agent exceeded his authority, in violation of article 1714 of the said code, and in consequence the sale with right to repurchase made by said Godinez to the petitioner Guzman is null and void, since he caused him great loss in selling the property, inasmuch as the same is already sold under pacto de retro to Exequiela Buñi; that he had received offers to purchase it for the sums of P3,500 and P4,500, but he had not accepted them and was awaiting a better price; therefore he prayed the court to consider him as an opponent, to appoint a day for the trial of the case, to deny the registration applied for, to hold that the instrument of sale under pacto de retro was null and void, and to decree the registration of the building lot or land in question in favor of the opponent with costs against the petitioner.

By a writing of the same date Exequiela Buñi opposed the registration asked for on the ground that said lot had been sold to her with pacto de retro for a period of six years from March, 1904, as shown by the bill of sale executed by Inocente Martinez in her favor; she therefore prayed that the registration be denied.

At the trial of the case on August 8, 1908, counsel for the petitioner objected to the admission of the opposition of Exequiela Buñi inasmuch as the latter did not allege the possession of any right, title, or interest in the property in question; that said opposition had not been sworn to as provided by law; and that it was not alleged therein that the person subscribing was duly authorized to sign the written opposition, or to take the prescribed oath. To this the counsel for the opponent answered that the latter had sworn and complied with all the requisites of the law.

At the hearing of the case, counsel for Martinez amended his written opposition, and set forth that Francisco Godinez, in making use of the power of attorney granted him, exceeded his authority by selling the property with pacto de retro for a period of forty days; that the property, at the time when the sale was carried out, was in course of litigation between the municipality of San Pablo as plaintiff and Martinez as defendant, to decide the question of ownership, and that the sale was effected without regard to the provisions of article 1291, paragraph 4, of the Civil Code; for said reason the sale could be rescinded and was void. The trial court overruled the petitioner’s demurrer and the latter excepted.

Evidence was adduced by both parties to the suit and their exhibit were made of record. After the trial, the court rendered judgment of the 22d of August, 1908, denying the registration applied for by Jose de Guzman, substituted by Ramon Mortera, and sustaining the oppositions presented; after declaring a general default, the court decreed the adjudication and registration of the property described in the petition in favor of Inocente Martinez, subject to two mortgages, to wit, one for P1,306 in favor of the said Mortera for a period of forty days beginning on the 23d of May, 1907, already expired, and another for P500 in favor of Exequiela Buñi for a period of six years from the 23d of March, 1904; the court further decreed that upon the judgment becoming final, the registrar of deeds of La Laguna should cancel all entries made in the old register relating to the said property.

On learning of the decision, the petitioner filed a motion before the court in banc praying that the decision of August 22 be vacated, the registration of the property in favor of the petitioner be granted, and that the oppositions presented be denied. On the 17th of September following the motion was heard by the court in banc and on the 21st day of said month judgment was rendered by the majority, dismissing the oppositions, and, after declaring a general default, ordering the adjudication and registration of said property in favor of the petitioner. This decision was rendered by W. L. Goldsborough, associate judge, and Juan Sumulong, acting associate judge. Judge S. del Rosario, presiding, wrote a dissenting opinion holding that the registration of the property should be decreed in the name of the opponent Martinez, with the incumbrances set out in his reversed decision of the 22d of August.

The above majority decision was excepted to by the opponents whose counsel moved for the reopening of the case on the ground that the judgment of the full courts was contrary to the result of the evidence and to law; the motion was overruled on the 5th of October; the opponents excepted and filed a bill of exceptions, which was approved and submitted to this court.

No controversy has been raised by the parties with regard to the facts alleged in this case. The questions set up therein which are to be decided by this court are merely questions of law.

Have articles 1507 to 1520 of the Civil Code been repealed by Act No. 1108 of the Philippine Commission, and in consequence thereof have contracts of sale with pacto de retro been abolished, and with regard to the legal effects thereof have they been placed on the same footing as a loan contract secured by mortgage? This is the principal question discussed by the contending parties and set forth in the opposed decisions rendered in this case one of which, the majority decision, is the one appealed from.

Section 6 of Act No. 1108, among other things, says:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"Section nineteen of said Act is further amended by adding after subsection (d) the following paragraph:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"(e) instruments known as pacto de retro, made under sections fifteen hundred and seven and fifteen hundred and twenty of the Spanish Civil Code in force in these Islands, may be registered under this Act, and application for registration thereof may be made by the owner who executed the pacto de retro sale under the same conditions and in the same manner as mortgagors are authorized to make application for registration."cralaw virtua1aw library

The amended section is section 19 of Act No. 496, touching registration of property in so far as said section 19 does not authorize the registration of the right to redeem, or to repurchase property sold with pacto de retro, inasmuch as the above paragraph (e) lays down as a rule that instruments of sale with that covenant, executed by virtue of articles 1507 and 1520 of the Civil Code in force, may be registered, according to said Act No. 1108, at the request of the owner who sold it with pacto de retro, under the same conditions and in the same manner as mortgages.

From neither the letter nor the spirit of the law, as contained in the above paragraph, can it be inferred in any manner whatsoever that the said articles and others of the Civil Code bearing on conventional repurchases have thereby been repealed. The language employed by the lawmaker is clear and positive, and his intention and purpose are manifest; it can not possibly be deduced therefrom that he ever thought of abolishing or eliminating from the various forms of contracts and agreements recognized by and which are not contrary to law, good morals, or public order that of contract of sale with pacto de retro.

From the mere perusal of the said paragraph (e) of Act No. 1108 it is not possible to conclude that the articles of the Civil Code relating to contracts of sale with pacto de retro have been expressly or impliedly repealed; the law that is said to repeal them contains no words or conceptions annulling or repealing the articles of the Civil Code above referred to in formal and manifest terms, or at least it contains no provisions contrary to and incompatible with the prescriptions of the said articles. The provision that authorizes the registration of the instrument of sale with pacto de retro at the request of the owner of the realty is not incompatible with the prescriptions of the Civil Code.

Article 1510 of the Civil Code reads:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

"The vendor may bring his action against every possessor whose right arises from that of the vendee, even though in the second contract no mention should have been made of the conventional redemption; without prejudice to the provisions of the mortgage law with regard to third person."cralaw virtua1aw library

In the decision rendered in case No. 4737, Pandaquila v. Gaza Et. Al. (12 Phil. Rep., 663) it was held that, in accordance with the provision of the above-cited article —

"The seller of land has a right of action to enforce the redemption thereof as against any other possessor who derived his right from the purchaser under pacto de retro, inasmuch as said action is of the nature of real right."cralaw virtua1aw library

Therefore, if the right to enforce the redemption is valid as against third persons it is unquestionable that the right of conventional redemption from which the former arises if of a real and not merely personal character. The registration of property sold with pacto de retro shows the coexistence of the right of the purchaser and of the vendor, the former as the temporary owner of the thing sold, and the latter as unquestionably entitled to again become the owner through the exercise of his right of action to enforce the redemption or purchase. The registration authorized by Act No. 1108, far from repealing the aforesaid articles of the Civil Code, has amplified the provisions of section 19 of Act No. 496 and the Mortgage Law in relation to such contracts, and recognizes the prescriptions of the Civil Code and especially the real character with which the right of redemption is clothed.

From the fact hat instrument of sale with pacto de retro may be registered at the request of the owner selling, under the same conditions and in the same manner as mortgages, the repeal or abolition of the contract of sale with pacto de retro is not to be inferred from the language of the law nor is this class of contracts placed on the same footing as mortgages. The two contracts are absolutely different in their nature and character, as may be seen from the mere perusal of articles 1507 et seq. and articles 1857 to 1862 and 1874 and following of the Civil Code. It was so understood and accepted in the decision rendered by this court in the case of Villaruel v. Encarnacion (5 Phil. Rep., 360).

The registration of the land in favor of the applicant was refused by the dissenting judge, and a decree was issued for the entry of the property in the name of the opponent for the reason that the contract which appeared in the instrument of the 23d of May, 1907, is not one of sale with pacto de retro, but of loan secured by mortgage of the land said to have been sold, because articles 1507 and following of the Civil Code had been repealed by Act No. 1108, which excluded from the various contracts recognized by law that of sale with pacto de retro; but once it has been conclusively shown that there was no such repeal, and that that of purchases and sale with pacto de retro subsists, as well as the articles of the code that regulate the celebration, character, validity, and effects of the said form of contract, we must inquire whether Mortera’s dominion over the land in question may be duly registered in accordance with the law on the subject.

According to the notarial instrument of July 22, 1907, Ramon Mortera y Javier acquired the land or building lot in question by purchase from Jose de Guzman, the owner, for the sum of P1,500; the sale was recorded in the registry of property of La Laguna on the 27th of August, 1907. Jose de Guzman, the vendor, had previously acquired the said land from its former owner, Inocente Martinez y Ticson, by means of a contract of purchase and sale with pacto de retro, it being redeemable within forty days; this appears in the instruments of May 23, 1907, executed in his name by his attorney in fact, Francisco Godinez Galan, according to the owner of attorney granted to the latter by the said Martinez, and executed before a notary on the 6th of September, 1906. The term stipulated for the redemption having elapsed without the vendor or his agent having repurchased the land its ownership became vested in the purchaser. It was so entered in the registry, following the entry of registration of the said instrument of sale.

The above-mentioned acts and contracts by which the ownership of the property in question was transferred, the notarial documents executed by the contracting parties, together with the entries made in the registry, have not been impugned either criminally or civilly; on the contrary, the said documents have been admitted as being authentic and duly executed with all legal formalities.

As to the allegation that the land had been sold in violation of the provisions of article 1291, No. 4, of Civil Code, being as it was the subject of litigation between the municipality of San Pablo and Martinez, if fulfills the purpose of this decision to state that by the judgment of March 2, 1907, rendered by the Court of First Instance of La Laguna prior to the first sale, it was held that the land in question was the property of the defendant, and he was therefore absolved of the complaint with the costs against the plaintiff municipality.

The instrument of the 23d of March, 1904, ratified before a notary of the 31st of December following, wherein it appears that Inocente Martinez sold what appears to be the same land with pacto de retro for 500 pesos to his sister-in-law, Exequiela Buñi, has not been registered. In the articles of the partnership formed by the said Martinez and Francisco Godinez it appears among other things as corporate capital; and as the opponent, Buñi has not alleged further title to said land (which she admits to be owned by Martinez), than that arising from the said unregistered document, her opposition, like that of Inocente Martinez, can not, under the law, prevent the registration applied for. The land, as has been satisfactorily proven in this case, is the absolute property of Mortera.

Wherefore the decision rendered by the majority of the judges of the Court of Land Registration on the 21st of September, 1908, is hereby affirmed with the costs against the appellant; let this decision be communicated to the said court in order that action be taken in accordance with the law. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Mapa, Johnson and Moreland, JJ., concur.




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  • G.R. No. 4885 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VIDAL ROLDAN

    013 Phil 415

  • G.R. No. 4894 March 31, 1909 - GEO WHALEN v. PASIG IRON WORKS

    013 Phil 417

  • G.R. No. 4911 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 424

  • G.R. No. 5029 April 1, 1909 - JOSE MCMICKING v. EL BANCO ESPANOL FILIPINO

    013 Phil 429

  • G.R. No. 4957 April 2, 1909 - MIGUEL PASCUAL v. MACARIO ANGELES, ET AL.

    013 Phil 441

  • G.R. No. 4992 April 2, 1909 - AGUSTIN GA. GAVIERES v. ADMINISTRATORS OF LUIS PENA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 449

  • G.R. No. 5012 April 2, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF U.S. IN THE PHIL. ISLANDS v. PERDO CARMEN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 455

  • G.R. No. 4129 April 12, 1909 - ESTEBAN BERSABAL v. ANTONIO BERNAL

    013 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 4130 April 12, 1909 - REFINO BANES, ET AL. v. JACINTO CORDERO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 466

  • G.R. No. 4454 April 12, 1909 - EX PARTE JUAN ONDEVILLA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 470

  • G.R. No. 4501 April 12, 1909 - LA COMPAÑIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. ROMANA GANSON

    013 Phil 472

  • G.R. No. 4922 April 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EULOGIO REYES CARRILLO

    013 Phil 479

  • G.R. No. 4502 April 13, 1909 - LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. ROMANA GANZON

    013 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 3075 April 14, 1909 - ROMAN CATHOLIC APOSTOLIC CHURCH v. PROVINCE OF OCCIDENTAL NEGROS

    013 Phil 486

  • G.R. No. 4394 April 19, 1909 - FRANCISCO T. FIGUERAS v. ROCHA & CO.

    013 Phil 504

  • G.R. No. 4704 April 26, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOAQUIN GIL

    013 Phil 530

  • G.R. No. 4999 May 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MELECIO VARGAS

    013 Phil 554

  • G.R. No. 4895 June 15, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. W. O. BINGHAM, ET AL.

    013 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 4773 July 13, 1909 - MANILA BUILDING and LOAN ASSOCIATION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 575

  • G.R. No. 4960 July 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CIRIACO HERRERA

    013 Phil 583

  • G.R. No. 4290 July 21, 1909 - ROBERT V. DELL v. MANILA ELECTRIC RAILROAD AND LIGHT COMPANY

    013 Phil 585

  • G.R. No. 4881 July 24, 1909 - JOSE LIM v. DOMINGO LIM

    013 Phil 605

  • G.R. No. 1917 July 26, 1909 - CATALINIBALDERAMA v. LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 609

  • G.R. No. 5190 July 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE CONSUELO

    013 Phil 612

  • G.R. No. 5109 July 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO BARBICHO

    013 Phil 616

  • G.R. No. 2905 August 3, 1909 - LA VIUDA DE SOLER v. AURELIO RUSCA.

    013 Phil 622

  • G.R. No. 3228 August 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES ET AL. v. WENCESLAO MERCADO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 624

  • G.R. No. 4163 August 4, 1909 - ED BANCO ESPAÑOL-FILIPINO v. FULGENCIO TAN-TONGCO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 628

  • G.R. No. 2894 August 5, 1909 - JOSE LASERNA TUPAZ v. RAFAEL LOZADA

    013 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 5114 August 5, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BARTOLOME ARREGLADO

    013 Phil 660

  • G.R. No. 2085 August 10, 1909 - TIBURCIO SAENZ v. FIGUERAS HERMANOS

    013 Phil 666

  • G.R. No. 5154 August 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO SUPILA

    013 Phil 671

  • G.R. No. 3666 August 17, 1909 - CITY OF MANILA v. FRANCISCO GAMBE

    013 Phil 677

  • G.R. No. 5184 August 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PLATON IBAÑEZ

    013 Phil 686

  • G.R. No. 343 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. DANIEL RIOTA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 4378 August 18, 1909 - CHAN KEEP, ET AL. v. LEON CHAN GIOCO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 5

  • G.R. No. 4507 August 18, 1909 - MACARIA MANUEL, ET AL. v. FRIDOLIN WIGETT, ET AL.

    014 Phil 9

  • G.R. No. 4859 August 18, 1909 - MANUEL JIMENO, ET AL. v. LOPE GACILAGO

    014 Phil 16

  • G.R. No. 5071 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJANDRO CAS

    014 Phil 21

  • G.R. No. 5111 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE REYES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 27

  • G.R. No. 5220 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MIGUEL PINDONG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 5235 August 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTEBAN CELESTINO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 34

  • G.R. No. 5110 August 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FABIANA LEGASPI, ET AL.

    014 Phil 38

  • G.R. No. 4045 August 23, 1909 - ILDEFONSO DORONILA v. GRACIANO GONZAGA

    014 Phil 42

  • G.R. No. 4674 August 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTORIANO PANALIGAN

    014 Phil 46

  • G.R. No. 3377 August 24, 1909 - BONIFACIO PIMENTEL v. EUGENIO GUTIERREZ

    014 Phil 49

  • G.R. No. 4918 August 26, 1909 - FELICIANA DARIANO v. JOSE FERNANDEZ FIDALGO

    014 Phil 62

  • G.R. No. 3989 August 28, 1909 - LI HANG SHEONG v. VENANCIO C. DIAZ

    014 Phil 68

  • G.R. No. 4426 August 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BENITO FILOTEO

    014 Phil 73

  • G.R. No. 5292 August 28, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MORO MANALINDE

    014 Phil 77

  • G.R. No. 5153 September 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BARTOLOME MIJARES

    014 Phil 83

  • G.R. No. 5171 September 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LAO LOCK HING

    014 Phil 86

  • G.R. No. 5126 September 2, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CATALINO APOSTOL

    014 Phil 92

  • G.R. No. 3862 September 6, 1909 - JUAN G. BOSQUE v. YU CHIPCO

    014 Phil 95

  • G.R. No. 4437 September 9, 1909 - TOMAS OSMEÑA v. CENONA RAMA

    014 Phil 99

  • G.R. No. 4471 September 9, 1909 - DAMASA SEGUI v. CANDIDO SEGUI

    014 Phil 102

  • G.R. No. 5273 September 9, 1909 - FRANCISCA JOSE v. WENCESLAUA DAMIAN

    014 Phil 104

  • G.R. No. 5067 September 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CORNELIO MANALO

    016 Phil 654

  • G.R. No. 5618 September 14, 1909 - IN RE: H. G. SMITH

    014 Phil 112

  • G.R. No. 4177 September 15, 1909 - AGATON ARANETA v. BRAULIO MONTELIBANO

    014 Phil 117

  • G.R. No. 4235 September 15, 1909 - SANTIAGO TIN FIAN v. PABLO TAN

    014 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. 4963 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. GO CHICO

    014 Phil 128

  • G.R. No. 5156 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SEBASTIAN MISOLA

    014 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. 5165 September 15, 1909 - GERVASIO UNSON v. SEGUNDO ABRERA

    014 Phil 146

  • G.R. No. 5185 September 15, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BENITO MENESES

    014 Phil 151

  • G.R. No. 5150 September 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MARCIANO LOPEZ

    014 Phil 155

  • G.R. No. 4236 September 18, 1909 - SANTIAGO TIU FIAN v. HILARIO YAP

    014 Phil 158

  • G.R. No. 4445 September 18, 1909 - CATALINA BUGNAO v. FRANCISCO UBAG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 163

  • G.R. No. 4609 September 18, 1909 - QUE YONG KENG v. RAFAEL TAN QUICO

    014 Phil 173

  • G.R. No. 4694 September 18, 1909 - ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF MANILA v. MUN. OF ROSARIO

    014 Phil 176

  • G.R. No. 4887 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOLAS JAVELLANA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 186

  • G.R. No. 4973 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BERNABE CATIPON, ET AL.

    014 Phil 188

  • G.R. No. 5003 September 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FELIX DE JESUS

    014 Phil 190

  • G.R. No. 5262 September 18, 1909 - FRANCISCO ROSA HERNANDEZ, ET AL. v. MELECIO PADUA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 194

  • G.R. No. 4263 September 22, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTEFANIA MENDOZA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 198

  • G.R. No. 4837 September 22, 1909 - FRANCISCO IMPERIAL v. JOSE ALEJANDRE

    014 Phil 203

  • G.R. No. 4234 September 23, 1909 - RUPERTA ORAIS v. JACINTA ESCAÑO

    014 Phil 208

  • G.R. No. 4759 September 23, 1909 - SEBASTIAN CABILLAS v. ALFONSO APDUHAN, ET AL.

    014 Phil 213

  • G.R. No. 4971 September 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AUGUSTUS HICKS

    014 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. 5194 September 23, 1909 - CHINESE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE v. PUA TE CHING, ET AL.

    014 Phil 222

  • G.R. No. 5108 September 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOMEDES MORALES

    014 Phil 227

  • G.R. No. 4526 October 4, 1909 - TOMAS FORTUNA v. RUFINO VILORIA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 232

  • G.R. No. 4602 October 4, 1909 - JUAN CO v. JAMES J. RAFFERTY

    014 Phil 235

  • G.R. No. 5332 October 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. TEODORO BAGUIO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 240

  • G.R. No. 4663 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PEDRO CABOLA ET AL.

    016 Phil 657

  • G.R. No. 4846 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE MAQUIRAYA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 243

  • G.R. No. 4970 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SERAPIO ARTICHO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 248

  • G.R. No. 5138 October 9, 1909 - JOSE MCMICKING v. DOMINGO TREMOYA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 252

  • G.R. No. 5423 October 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SERAPIO POQUIS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 261

  • G.R. No. 4009 October 11, 1909 - NICOLASA ARINGO v. URBANA ARENA

    014 Phil 263

  • G.R. No. 4339 October 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PONCIANO TREYES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 270

  • G.R. No. 3865 October 16, 1909 - GREGORIO FERNANDEZ v. MLA. ELECTRIC RAILROAD AND LIGHT CO.

    014 Phil 274

  • G.R. No. 4362 October 19, 1909 - INSULAR GOV’T. v. DOROTEO NICO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 288

  • G.R. No. 4606 October 19, 1909 - JUAN RODRIGUEZ v. FINDLAY & CO.

    014 Phil 294

  • G.R. No. 5297 October 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MARTINA BACAS

    014 Phil 308

  • G.R. No. 4935 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JAMES L. BROBST

    014 Phil 310

  • G.R. No. 4998 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE C. SEDANO

    014 Phil 338

  • G.R. No. 5069 October 25, 1909 - TAN CHUCO v. YORKSHIRE FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE CO.

    014 Phil 346

  • G.R. No. 5083 October 25, 1909 - TOMAS SUNICO v. JOSE VILLAPANDO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 352

  • G.R. No. 5167 October 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JULIAN MENESES

    014 Phil 357

  • G.R. No. 5227 October 25, 1909 - INT’L. BANKING CORP. v. PILAR CORRALES, ET AL.

    014 Phil 360

  • G.R. No. 4102 October 26, 1909 - JOSE CARDELL v. RAMON MAÑERU, ET AL.

    014 Phil 368

  • G.R. No. 5072 October 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SANTIAGO AUSTERO

    014 Phil 377

  • G.R. No. 5424 October 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PRUDENCIO SOTO

    014 Phil 384

  • G.R. No. 4974 October 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. NICOLAS GUTIERREZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 388

  • G.R. No. 5098 October 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VENANCIO MONASTERIAL, ET AL.

    014 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 4934 October 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. A. C. V. ROSA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 394

  • G.R. No. 5100 November 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EMILIO BEDOYA

    014 Phil 397

  • G.R. No. 5386 November 8, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ARSENIO PALACIO

    016 Phil 660

  • G.R. No. 4975 November 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SANTIAGO NARVAS

    014 Phil 410

  • G.R. No. 5373 November 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. CLAUDIO DE SILVA

    014 Phil 413

  • G.R. No. 4947 November 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. PABLO RAYMUNDO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 416

  • G.R. No. 5181 November 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ANACLETO ABAD

    014 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 4932 November 16, 1909 - WARNER, BARNES & CO. v. RAMON F. SANTOS

    014 Phil 446

  • G.R. No. 5348 November 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJO PAGUIRIGAN

    014 Phil 450

  • G.R. No. 5503 November 16, 1909 - CATALINA MONTEMAYOR v. MATEO CUNANAN

    014 Phil 454

  • G.R. No. 4752 November 17, 1909 - FLORENTINO CORDERO v. PEDRO CABIGTING

    014 Phil 463

  • G.R. No. 5036 November 17, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LUCIANO MALEZA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 468

  • G.R. No. 5240 November 19, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LINO EGUIA LIM BUANCO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 472

  • G.R. No. 5432 November 20, 1909 - TOMAS INOCENCIO v. MIGUEL GATPANDAN, ET AL.

    014 Phil 491

  • G.R. No. 4996 November 26, 1909 - VICTORIANO SIGUENZA v. MUN. OF HINIGARAN

    014 Phil 495

  • G.R. No. 5009 November 26, 1909 - TOMAS SUNICO v. MANUEL RAMIREZ

    014 Phil 500

  • G.R. No. 4976 November 27, 1909 - A. J. EVELAND v. EASTERN MINING CO.

    014 Phil 509

  • G.R. No. 4709 November 29, 1909 - CHAN SUANCO v. DOROTEO ALONSO

    014 Phil 517

  • G.R. No. 5115 November 29, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MANUEL SAMANIEGO, ET AL.

    016 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. 5208 December 1, 1909 - KUENZLE & STREIFF v. JOSE TAN SUNCO ET AL.

    016 Phil 670

  • G.R. No. 5044 December 1, 1909 - EDWIN CASE v. HEIRS OF TUASON Y SANTIBAÑEZ

    014 Phil 521

  • G.R. No. 5075 December 1, 1909 - MAURICIO RAMIREZ v. SIMEON BAUTISTA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 528

  • G.R. No. 4815 December 2, 1909 - LA YEBANA CO. v. FRANCISCO CHUA SECO & CO.

    014 Phil 535

  • G.R. No. 5096 December 2, 1909 - RAMON MORTERA v. INOCENTE MARTINEZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 541

  • G.R. No. 5244 December 2, 1909 - EULOGIO TRIA v. RAMON ORTIZ

    014 Phil 551

  • G.R. No. 5306 December 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. FERNANDO JARABAS

    014 Phil 558

  • G.R. No. 5307 December 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JOSE GONZAGA CHANGCO

    014 Phil 562

  • G.R. No. 5210 December 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VALERIA DE CHAVES

    014 Phil 565

  • G.R. No. 5385 December 4, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. GREGORIO DOMINGO, ET AL.

    014 Phil 569

  • G.R. No. 5275 December 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ALEJANDRO BAUTISTA

    014 Phil 579

  • G.R. No. 4871 December 10, 1909 - LEONCIO IMPERIAL v. ALFONSA TOLEDO

    014 Phil 584

  • G.R. No. 5313 December 10, 1909 - JUANA ESPIRITU v. A. S. CROSSFIELD, ET AL.

    014 Phil 588

  • G.R. No. 5217 December 13, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. DANIEL LOPEZ

    014 Phil 593

  • G.R. No. 5344 December 14, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VALERIANA DEUDA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 595

  • G.R. No. 5202 December 16, 1909 - YAP UNKI v. CHUA JAMCO

    014 Phil 602

  • G.R. No. 5295 December 16, 1909 - KUENZLE & STREIFF v. MACKE & CHANDLER, ET AL.

    014 Phil 610

  • G.R. No. 5393 December 16, 1909 - PEDRO TIRANGBUAYA, ET AL. v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF RIZAL, ET AL.

    014 Phil 613

  • G.R. No. 5200 December 17, 1909 - VICENTE BANDOY, ET AL. v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF LA LAGUNA, ET AL.

    014 Phil 621

  • G.R. No. 5397 December 17, 1909 - FABIANA C. ARRIOLA v. CAROLINA GOMEZ DE LA SERNA

    014 Phil 627

  • G.R. No. 4667 December 18, 1909 - GEO. M. LACK, ET AL. v. PANTALEONA ALONSO Y SAN LUIS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 630

  • G.R. No. 5256 December 21, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EUSTASIO HERNANDEZ, ET AL.

    014 Phil 638

  • G.R. No. 5329 December 21, 1909 - SABINA CRUZ HERRERA DE LUKBAN v. JOSE McMICKING

    014 Phil 641

  • G.R. No. 5318 December 23, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. RAFAEL BUMANGLAG, ET AL.

    014 Phil 644

  • G.R. No. 5534 December 23, 1909 - HERBERT S. WALKER, ET AL. v. JOSE MCMICKING

    014 Phil 668

  • G.R. No. 4724 December 24, 1909 - GREGORIA MONTAÑANO v. SILVESTRE SUESA

    014 Phil 676

  • G.R. No. 5760 December 24, 1909 - MARTIN OCAMPO, ET AL. v. J. C. JENKINS, ET AL.

    014 Phil 681

  • G.R. No. 4280 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. JULIO BUSTOS

    013 Phil 690

  • G.R. No. 4206 February 1, 1909 - VICENTE M. SANDOVAL v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    012 Phil 648

  • G.R. No. 4717 February 1, 1909 - RAFAEL O. RAMOS v. TOMAS LEDESMA

    012 Phil 656

  • G.R. No. 4737 February 1, 1909 - ATANASIO PANDAQUILA v. MIGUEL GAZA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. 4785 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. HIGINIO DE LA SERNA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 672

  • G.R. No. 4839 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SY QUIAT

    012 Phil 676

  • G.R. No. 4852 February 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE CALIMAG

    012 Phil 687

  • G.R. No. 4373 February 2, 1909 - SAMUEL BISCHOFF v. JUAN D. POMAR, ET AL.

    012 Phil 690

  • G.R. No. 4589 February 3, 1909 - GERONIMO DE GUZMAN v. JOAQUINA ORTIZ

    012 Phil 701

  • G.R. No. 4838 February 3, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. LIM CO

    012 Phil 703

  • G.R. No. 4013 February 4, 1909 - JUSTO GUIDO, ET AL. v. AGUSTIN DE BORJA, ET AL.

    012 Phil 718

  • G.R. No. 4904 February 5, 1909 - ROSALIA MARTINEZ v. ANGEL TAN

    012 Phil 731

  • G.R. No. 4723 February 8, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. TAN TAYCO, ET AL.

    012 Phil 739

  • G.R. No. 4566 February 9, 1909 - YUENG SHENG EXCHANGE AND TRADING COMPANY v. G. URRUTIA & CO., ET AL.

    012 Phil 747

  • G.R. No. 4910 February 10, 1909 - MARIA DE LA CONCEPCION VACANI v. ENRIQUE LLOPIS

    012 Phil 754

  • G.R. No. 4415 February 13, 1909 - PAULINO DOLIENDO, ET AL. v. SANTOS DEPIÑO, ET AL.

    012 Phil 758

  • G.R. No. 4758 February 16, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. T. E. SANTOS

    013 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 4794 February 16, 1909 - WARNER v. ROMAN AND CIRILO JAUCIAN

    013 Phil 4

  • G.R. No. 4392 February 17, 1909 - PATRICIO UBEDA v. AGAPITO ZIALCITA

    013 Phil 11

  • G.R. No. 4790 February 18, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION

    013 Phil 21

  • G.R. No. 4216 February 19, 1909 - KUENZLE & STEREIFF v. A. S. WATSON & CO., ET AL.

    013 Phil 26

  • G.R. No. 4943 February 19, 1909 - JEREMIAH J. HARTY v. ANGEL LUNA

    013 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 4939 February 20, 1909 - PHILIPPINE RAILWAY COMPANY v. ESTEBAN SOLON

    013 Phil 34

  • G.R. No. 5028 February 20, 1909 - JUANA VALENCIA v. CARMEN DE ROXAS

    013 Phil 45

  • G.R. No. 5085 February 20, 1909 - IN RE: JUAN TOLEDO

    013 Phil 48

  • G.R. No. 4386 February 24, 1909 - CHANG YONG TEK v. GENEROSA SANTOS

    013 Phil 52

  • G.R. No. 4868 February 24, 1909 - JUAN SISON v. FAUSTINO RAMOS

    013 Phil 54

  • G.R. No. 4878 February 27, 1909 - IN RE: JOAQUINA MIJARES DE FARIÑAS v. VICENTE LAVIN

    013 Phil 63