Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1982 > May 1982 Decisions > G.R. No. L-37243 May 31, 1982 - IN RE: ALFONSO P. BICHARA v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

199 Phil. 438:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

[G.R. No. L-37243. May 31, 1982.]

IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION OF ALFONSO P. BICHARA, baptized as Alfonso Antonio Bichara, TO BE ADMITTED A CITIZEN OF THE PHILIPPINES, ALFONSO P. BICHARA, Petitioner-Appellee, v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Oppositor-Appellant.

O. Pythagoras Oliver for Petitioner-Appellee.

Solicitor General Estelito P. Mendoza, Assistant Solicitor General Eulogio Raquel-Santos and Solicitor Tomas M. Dilig for Oppositor-Appellant.

SYNOPSIS


The Republic of the Philippines appealed from the decision of the lower court granting the petition for naturalization of petitioner-appellee on the grounds of alleged lack of competence of the witnesses for the applicant and on his failing to conduct himself in a proper and irreproachable manner during the entire period of his residence in this country. Pending the appeal, the Office of the Solicitor General filed a Manifestation and Motion for the dismissal thereof alleging that petitioner-appellee had filed an application for naturalization under Letter of Instructions No. 270 and was thereafter granted Philippine citizenship pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 923.

The Supreme Court dismissed the appeal for being moot and academic, appellant Republic having by its own act admitted to citizenship applicant Petitioner-Appellee.


SYLLABUS


CONSTITUTIONAL LAW; CITIZENSHIP; APPEAL FROM A DECISION GRANTING PHILIPPINE CITIZENSHIP DISMISSED FOR BEING MOOT AND ACADEMIC. — An appeal from the lower court’s decision granting citizenship is dismissed for being moot and academic where during the pendency thereof, petitioner-appellee had applied for naturalization under Letter of Instructions No. 270 and was subsequently granted Philippine citizenship pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1220.


R E S O L U T I O N


FERNANDO, C.J.:


This is an appeal by the Republic of the Philippines from a lower court decision granting the petition for naturalization of appellee Alfonso P. Bichara. The reversal of such decision was based on the alleged lack of competence of the witnesses for the applicant and on his failing to conduct himself in a proper and irreproachable manner during the entire period of his residence in this country. The case was submitted for decision without oppositor-appellant’s reply brief.

On March 11, 1982, there was a Manifestation and Motion by the Office of the Solicitor General. 1 It alleged: "1. The Republic of the Philippines has appealed to this Honorable Court the decision in Naturalization Case No. 104 of the Court of First Instance of Albay (Branch II-Legaspi City) dated August 10, 1972 granting Philippine citizenship to [Alfonso P. Bichara]; 2. During the pendency of the appeal, said [Alfonso P. Bichara] filed an application for naturalization under Letter of Instructions No. 270, and upon recommendation of the Special Committee on Naturalization, he was granted Philippine citizenship on April 20, 1976 pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 923. . . . ." 2 Such Manifestation and Motion included copies of his Oath of Allegiance 3 and the Certificate of Naturalization. 4 The prayer was for the withdrawal of the appeal.

Appellant Republic having by its own act admitted to citizenship applicant Alfonso P. Bichara, its plea that the case had become moot and academic is in order.

WHEREFORE, the appeal is dismissed.

Barredo, Aquino, Guerrero, Abad Santos, De Castro and Escolin, JJ., concur.

Concepcion, Jr., J., is on leave.

Endnotes:



1. Solicitor General Estelito P. Mendoza was assisted by Assistant Solicitor General Eulogio Raquel-Santos.

2. Manifestation and Motion, 1.

3. Annex 1.

4. Annex 2.




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