Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1982 > May 1982 Decisions > G.R. No. L-57771 May 31, 1982 - QUIRINO CAVILI, ET AL. v. CIPRIANO VAMENTA, JR., ET AL.

199 Phil. 528:




PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

[G.R. No. L-57771. May 31, 1982.]

QUIRINO CAVILI, PRIMITIVO CAVILI, and PERFECTA CAVILI, Petitioners, v. HON. CIPRIANO VAMENTA, JR. as Presiding Judge, Branch III, Court of First Instance of Negros Oriental; ULPIANO CAVILI, CLARITA CAVILI, ESTRELLA CAVILI, RAMONA TAKANG, COSME TAKANG, FABIAN TAKANG, LEODEGARIO TAKANG, PRIMITIVO TAKANG, CONSOLACION TAKANG, CRESENCIO TAKANG, TERESITA TAKANG, FELOMINA PAREJA, DIONISIA PAREJA, FELOMINA NAVARRA, JUSTO QUIANSO, ROMUALDO QUIANSO, SOCORRO QUIANSO, LOLITA QUIANSO, LEONlDES QUIANSO, IRENE NAVARRA, VICTORIANO NAVARRA, and EMILIANA NAVARRA, Respondents.

Manuel P. Dumatol & Arturo M. Tolentino & Associates and Ruben A. Espancho, for Petitioners.

SYNOPSIS


An action for Partition was filed by private respondents against petitioners. Summons was duly served my on petitioner Perfecta, but Perfecta’s counsel filed, on behalf of the three petitioners, a motion for extension of time to file an answer upon assurance by Perfecta that she will secure the authority of the other two to represent them in the case. When the said authority was not secured, counsel desisted from further appearing in the case and judgment by default was rendered against petitioners. Quirino and Primitivo filed a Motion for New Trial premised on non-service of summons. The motion was wanted but was subsequently set aside by respondent Judge upon motion of private respondents. Hence, the present petition which in effect seeks allowance of a new trial for the reasons that two of the petitioners have been deprived of the due process and that petitioners have a meritorious defense in that the properties sought to be partitioned have already been partitioned by the parties’ predecessor-in-interest as evidenced by copies of documents submitted to this Court.

The Supreme Court originally dismissed the petition but later resolved to reconsider the dismissal upon motion. The Court held that the jurisdictional defect of non-service of summons has not been cured by the filing of the motion for extension to file an answer because it was unauthorized and cannot be construed as voluntary appearance; nor by the filing of the motion for new trial because the same was precisely premised on non-service of summons and cannot be deemed as a waiver of the right to be heard. Besides, the documents submitted by petitioners lend prima facie credibility to their contention that they have a meritorious defense.


SYLLABUS


1. REMEDIAL LAW; CIVIL PROCEDURE; ACTIONS; JURISDICTION OVER DEFENDANT; VOLUNTARY APPEARANCE; FILING OF UNAUTHORIZED MOTION TO EXTEND TIME TO FILL ANSWER; NOT A CASE OF. — The motion for extension of time to file an answer by the counsel of defendant Perfecta in behalf of all three defendants can not be construed as a voluntary appearance in the case by the defendants Quirino and Primitivo Cavili who were not served with summons and whose authority to file said motion was not secured.

2. ID.; ID.; ID.; FILING OF MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL, NOT A WAIVER OF THE RIGHT TO BE HEARD. — The motion for new trial filed by counsel for the Cavili brothers did not cure the jurisdictional defect brought about by the non-service of summons on them precisely because the motion was predicated on such lack and was intended to secure for said defendants the opportunity to be heard in a new trial. It can not be construed as a waiver of the right to be heard.


D E C I S I O N


ABAD SANTOS, J.:


This petition for certiorari seeks. (a) the nullification of the order of the respondent Judge of the Court of First Instance of Negros Oriental, dated July 21, 1981, which, among other things, set aside the previous orders granting a new trial in Civil Case No. 6880 and ordered the execution of the judgment by default rendered against the defendants (the petitioners herein); (b) the revival of the order of Executive Judge Alejandro R. Boncaros (not the public respondent herein), dated April 23, 1980, which granted a new trial in the aforementioned civil case; and (c) the issuance of a writ of preliminary injunction to enjoin further proceedings in said civil case.

On August 31, 1981, We required the respondents to comment. Later, on October 12, 1981, We issued a temporary restraining order over the objection of the respondents. Still later, on November 25, 1981, We dismissed the petition for lack of merit and lifted the temporary restraining order. The petitioners sought reconsideration of the order of dismissal as well as the lifting of the temporary restraining order by motion filed on January 25, 1982. On February 3, 1982, We re-issued the temporary restraining order and required the respondents to comment on the motion for reconsideration which they did.chanrobles law library

We now resolve jointly both the petition and the motion for reconsideration in the interest of justice.

The main thrust of the petition and of the present motion for reconsideration is that the order of July 21, 1981, should be set aside — thereby allowing a new trial to be conducted — for the reasons that the defendants-petitioners Quirino and Primitivo Cavili have been deprived of procedural due process (not having been served with summons) and that said defendants-petitioners have a meritorious defense since the properties sought to be partitioned by plaintiffs-respondents have already been the subject of a written partition agreement among the parties’ predecessors-in-interest. The petitioners have attached to their motion for reconsideration xerox copies of documents allegedly proving that the subject properties have already been partitioned way back in April 6, 1937.

As shown in the return of the service of summons (Annex "B" of Petition), which is not contested by the respondents, summons was served on defendant Perfecta Cavili in Bayawan, Negros Oriental, but not on defendants Quirino and Primitivo Cavili who were then staying in Kabankalan, Negros Occidental. While Perfecta Cavili’s counsel, Atty. Joss Alamillo, filed in behalf of all the three defendants a motion for extension of time to file an answer upon assurance of Perfecta Cavili that she would summon her brothers Quirino and Primitivo to Bayawan to authorize him to represent them in the case, said counsel later on manifested before the Court of First Instance of Negros Oriental that he desisted from further appearing in the case since Perfecta Cavili’s assurance that he would be authorized by the other two defendants to represent them in the case was never carried out. The motion for extension of time to file an answer cannot, thus, be construed as a voluntary appearance in the case by the defendants Quirino and Primitivo Cavili.

Neither can the motion for new trial filed later by Atty. Reuben A. Espancho on behalf of the Cavili brothers cure the jurisdictional defect brought about by the non-service of summons on them precisely because the motion was predicated on such lack and was intended to secure for said defendants the opportunity to be heard in a new trial. It cannot be construed as a waiver of the right to be heard.

Thus, aside from the fact that there is prima facie credibility to the petitioners’ claim that they have a meritorious defense — having been able to submit copies of documents allegedly showing that the properties sought to be partitioned had already been partitioned by the parties’ precedessors-in-interest way back in 1937, the petitioners’ contention that the decision and the order sought to be set aside because of jurisdictional infirmity is impressed with merit. The more prudent thing to do in the premises is to give the petitioners their day in court.

WHEREFORE, Our resolution dismissing the petition is hereby reconsidered; the petition is granted; and the order dated July 21, 1981, is set aside while that of April 23, 1980, is revived. No special pronouncement as to costs.chanrobles law library : red

SO ORDERED.

Barredo (Chairman), Aquino, Concepcion, Jr., Guerrero, De Castro and Escolin, JJ., concur.




Back to Home | Back to Main


chanrobles.com



ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc. : www.chanroblesprofessionalreview.com
ChanRobles On-Line Bar Review

ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : www.chanroblesbar.com
ChanRobles CPA Review Online

ChanRobles CPALE Review Online : www.chanroblescpareviewonline.com
ChanRobles Special Lecture Series

ChanRobles Special Lecture Series - Memory Man : www.chanroblesbar.com/memoryman





May-1982 Jurisprudence                 

  • Adm. Matter No. 2668-MJ May 22, 1982 - MARIANO B. LAUREL v. HERMENEGILDO C. CRUZ

    4199 Phil. 243

  • G.R. No. L-28245 May 22, 1982 - PHILIPPINE AMERICAN GENERAL INSURANCE COMPANY v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 245

  • G.R. No. L-29555 May 22, 1982 - ASSOCIATED DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION v. REPARATIONS COMMISSION

    199 Phil. 256

  • G.R. No. L-29917 May 22, 1982 - FOREMOST ENTERPRISES, INC. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 264

  • G.R. Nos. L-48376-85 May 22, 1982 - BALAGTAS REALTY CORPORATION v. MANUEL V. ROMILLO, JR., ET AL.

    199 Phil. 267

  • G.R. No. L-54887 May 22, 1982 - GUILLERMA FLORDELIS, ET AL. v. FERMIN MAR, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 281

  • G.R. No. L-57535 May 24, 1982 - ZENITH INSURANCE CORPORATION v. FIDEL P. PURISIMA, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 291

  • Adm. Case No. 133-J May 31, 1982 - BERNARDITA R. MACARIOLA v. ELIAS B. ASUNCION

    199 Phil. 295

  • Adm. Case No. 797 May 31, 1982 - LYDIA CABATU v. EDGARDO C. DOMINGO

    199 Phil. 324

  • Adm. Matter No. 2180-MJ May 31, 1982 - EPHRAIM MARIANO, ET AL. v. CRISOSTOMO GONZALES

    199 Phil. 326

  • Adm. Matter No. 2240-MJ May 31, 1982 - COSME S. ABIOG, ET AL. v. JOSE M. PASCUAL

  • G.R. No. L-25271 May 31, 1982 - REPARATIONS COMMISSION v. GUILLERMO SANTOS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 339

  • G.R. No. L-30028 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CRESENCIO DOBLE, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 343

  • G.R. No. 31255 May 31, 1982 - MARCIAL A. EDILLON v. PIO B. FERANDOS

    199 Phil. 363

  • G.R. No. L-32734 May 31, 1982 - IN RE: CHUA TIONG KANG, ET AL. v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    199 Phil. 366

  • G.R. No. L-33209 May 31, 1982 - JESUSA DEL ROSARIO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 367

  • G.R. No. L-33794 May 31, 1982 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 381

  • G.R. No. L-35105 May 31, 1982 - BALIUAG ELECTRIC LIGHT AND POWER COMPANY, INC. v. JUAN F. ECHIVERI

    199 Phil. 393

  • G.R. No. L-35136 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. AMADO MONSALUD

    199 Phil. 398

  • G.R. No. L-36754 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. REYNALDO ABAYON, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 404

  • G.R. No. L-37074 May 31, 1982 - IN RE: BENITO LEE v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    199 Phil. 436

  • G.R. No. L-37243 May 31, 1982 - IN RE: ALFONSO P. BICHARA v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    199 Phil. 438

  • G.R. No. L-37477 May 31, 1982 - TORIBIO LESCANO v. JUAN A. BAES, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 440

  • G.R. No. L-39172 May 31, 1982 - SAMUEL DUMLAO v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 442

  • G.R. No. L-40101 May 31, 1982 - FABIAN BORLAS v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 448

  • G.R. No. L-46245 May 31, 1982 - MERALCO SECURITIES INDUSTRIAL CORP. v. CENTRAL BRD. OF ASSESSMENT APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 453

  • G.R. No. L-47334 May 31, 1982 - MIGUEL VIOLAGO, ET AL. v. JOSE C. CAMPOS, JR., ET AL.

    199 Phil. 463

  • G.R. No. L-47943 May 31, 1982 - MANILA ELECTRIC COMPANY v. CENTRAL BOARD OF ASSESSMENT APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 465

  • G.R. No. L-50081 May 31, 1982 - SANTOS CODILLA v. FLORENCIA LOPEZ, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 471

  • G.R. No. L-50261 May 31, 1982 - IN RE: CECILIA LAVIDES, ET AL. v. CITY COURT OF LUCENA

    199 Phil. 478

  • G.R. No. L-50466 May 31, 1982 - CALTEX (PHILIPPINES) INC. v. CENTRAL BOARD OF ASSESSMENT APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 487

  • G.R. No. L-52038 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CRISPIN ROYO, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 493

  • G.R. No. L-52516 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NILO TALORONG

    199 Phil. 502

  • G.R. No. L-53672 May 31, 1982 - BATA INDUSTRIES, LTD. v. COURT OF APPEALS, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 506

  • G.R. No. L-54681 May 31, 1982 - LILIA B. BARRERA v. FRANCIS J. MILITANTE, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 511

  • G.R. No. L-55698 May 31, 1982 - ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT, INC. v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 517

  • G.R. No. L-55831 May 31, 1982 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. GILBERT MEDRANO, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 520

  • G.R. No. L-57771 May 31, 1982 - QUIRINO CAVILI, ET AL. v. CIPRIANO VAMENTA, JR., ET AL.

    199 Phil. 528

  • G.R. No. L-58681 May 31, 1982 - ALFREDO P. MALIT v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    199 Phil. 532

  • G.R. No. L-59743 May 31, 1982 - NATIONAL FEDERATION OF SUGAR WORKERS v. ETHELWOLDO R. OVEJERA, ET AL.

    199 Phil. 537