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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
May-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 45383 May 2, 1939 - MARIA V. SERAPIO v. MARIANO SERAPIO, ET AL.

    067 Phil 701

  • G.R. No. 45502 May 2, 1939 - SAPOLIN CO., INC. v. CORNELIO BALMACEDA

    067 Phil 705

  • G.R. No. 45915 May 2, 1939 - ESCOLASTICO BUENAVENTURA v. GERINO Z. LAYLAY

    067 Phil 717

  • G.R. No. 45486 May 3, 1939 - TIBURCIO SUMERA v. EUGENIO VALENCIA

    067 Phil 721

  • G.R. No. 45322 May 4, 1939 - WALTER BULL v. REDO L. YATCO

    067 Phil 728

  • G.R. No. 45524 May 4, 1939 - MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIAS v. VICTORIAS MILLING CO., INC.

    067 Phil 733

  • G.R. No. 45969 May 4, 1939 - TAN TIAH v. Yu JOSE

    067 Phil 739

  • G.R. No. 45122 May 5, 1939 - VISAYAN SURETY & INSURANCE CORPORATION v. FRUCTUOSA TABARES

    067 Phil 743

  • G.R. No. 45496 May 5, 1939 - ROMAN CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOP OF MANILA v. EL MONTE DE PIEDAD Y CAJA DE AHORROS DE MANILA

    068 Phil 1

  • G.R. No. 45662 May 5, 1939 - JUAN GOROSTIAGA v. MANUELA SARTE

    068 Phil 4

  • G.R. No. 45889 May 5, 1939 - CRISPINO ENRIQUEZ v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 8

  • G.R. No. 45987 May 5, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CAYAT

    068 Phil 12

  • G.R. No. 46405 May 6, 1939 - RAYMUNDO TRANS. CO., INC. v. PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

    068 Phil 22

  • G.R. No. 45667 May 9, 1939 - HARRY IVES SHOEMAKER v. TONDEÑA

    068 Phil 24

  • G.R. No. 45696 May 9, 1939 - GIL BUENDIA v. VICENTE SOTTO

    068 Phil 31

  • G.R. No. 45865 May 10, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TI YEK JUAT

    068 Phil 37

  • G.R. No. 45993 May 11, 1939 - GERONIMO SANTIAGO v. FABIAN R. MILLAR

    068 Phil 39

  • G.R. No. 45318 May 12, 1939 - JACINTO MESINA v. PETRA DELINO

    068 Phil 43

  • G.R. No. 45427 May 12, 1939 - PHIL. NATIONAL BANK v. PHIL. TRUST CO.

    068 Phil 48

  • G.R. No. 45433 May 12, 1939 - ROSARIO GONZALEZ CASTRO VIUDA DE AZAOLA v. GASTON O’FARRELL

    068 Phil 74

  • G.R. No. 45648 May 12, 1939 - DIRECTOR OF LANDS v. ANICETO ABA

    068 Phil 85

  • G.R. Nos. 46119-46121 May 12, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IGNACIO BELTRAN

    068 Phil 90

  • G.R. No. 46584 May 13, 1939 - MARIANO MARCOS v. ROMAN A. CRUZ

    068 Phil 96

  • G.R. No. 45616 May 16, 1939 - FELICIANO SANCHEZ v. FRANCISCO ZULUETA

    068 Phil 110

  • G.R. No. 45543 May 17, 1939 - SURIGAO MINE EXPLORATION CO. v. C. HARRIS

    068 Phil 113

  • G.R. No. 46432 May 17, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TEODORICO MARTIN

    068 Phil 122

  • G.R. No. 45924 May 18, 1939 - CELESTINO RODRIGUEZ v. EUGENIO YAP

    068 Phil 126

  • G.R. No. 45160 May 23, 1939 - JOSE GREY v. SERAFIN FABIE

    068 Phil 128

  • G.R. Nos. 45705-45707 May 23, 1939 - TEODORA DOMINGO v. MARGARITA DAVID

    068 Phil 134

  • G.R. No. 45842 May 23, 1939 - MARCARET STEWART MITCHELL MCMASTER v. HENRY REISSMANN & CO.

    068 Phil 142

  • G.R. No. 46177 May 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MELCHOR TAGASA

    068 Phil 147

  • G.R. No. 46437 May 23, 1939 - EUFEMIO P. TESORO v. DIRECTOR OF PRISONS

    068 Phil 154

  • G.R. No. 45213 May 24, 1939 - H. P. L. JOLLYE v. EMETERIO BARCELON

    068 Phil 164

  • G.R. No. 45486 May 24, 1939 - ASIATIC PETROLEUM CO. v. JOSEFA VALENCIA VIUDA DE MOLINA

    068 Phil 172

  • G.R. No. 45218 May 26, 1939 - CONSUELO CEMBRANO v. CARMEN PARDO DE TAVERA DE GONZALEZ

    068 Phil 175

  • G.R. No. 45446 May 25, 1939 - C. N. HODGES v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 178

  • G.R. No. 45530 May 25, 1939 - CHINA INSURANCE v. Y. CHONG

    068 Phil 189

  • G.R. No. 45615 May 25, 1939 - TEOFILO SINCO v. SILVESTRA TEVES

    068 Phil 200

  • G.R. No. 46000 May 25, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JOSE M. BAES

    068 Phil 203

  • G.R. No. 46024 May 25, 1939 - SOTERA ARAVEJO v. ALFONSO DORONILA

    068 Phil 210

  • G.R. No. 46078 May 25, 1939 - GREGORIA REYNOSO v. JOSE E. TOLENTINO

    068 Phil 213

  • G.R. No. 45189 May 26, 1939 - PHIL. SUGAR ESTATE DEV’T. CO., INC. v. JUAN POSADAS

    068 Phil 216

  • G.R. No. 45264 May 26, 1939 - JOSEFA CASTELLTORT v. BALBINA PASION

    068 Phil 224

  • G.R. No. 45736 May 26, 1939 - CONCEPCION LOPEZ v. ADELA LOPEZ

    068 Phil 227

  • G.R. No. 46100 May 26, 1939 - ALFREDO HIDALGO RIZAL v. JOSEFA RIZAL MERCADO

    068 Phil 231

  • G.R. No. 43585 May 27, 1939 - RIZALINA DE LA ROSA v. MAXIMIANA EDRALIN

    068 Phil 234

  • G.R. No. 45307 May 27, 1939 - COMPAÑIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. COLLECTOR OF INTERNAL REVENUE

    068 Phil 238

  • G.R. No. 45324 May 27, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. FRANCISCO ABADINAS

    068 Phil 254

  • G.R. No. 45374 May 27, 1939 - MANUEL RODRIGUES v. DANIEL TIRONA

    068 Phil 264

  • G.R. No. 45608 May 27, 1939 - JESUS AZCONA v. PACIFIC COMMERCIAL CO.

    068 Phil 269

  • G.R. No. 46248 May 27, 1939 - TIMOTEO TAROMA v. ROMAN A. CRUZ

    068 Phil 281

  • G.R. No. 45350 May 29, 1939 - BACHBACH MOTOR CO. v. ESTEBAN ICARAÑGAL

    068 Phil 287

  • G.R. No. 45121 May 31, 1939 - DEMETRIO GAMBOA v. SERAFIN GAMBOA

    068 Phil 304

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 45264   May 26, 1939 - JOSEFA CASTELLTORT v. BALBINA PASION<br /><br />068 Phil 224

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 45264. May 26, 1939.]

    JOSEFA and CARMEN CASTELLTORT, Petitioners-Appellants, v. BALBINA PASION, Oppositor-Appellee.

    Felipe Buencamino, jr., Apolonio Chaves, and Barrera Reyes for Appellants.

    Ramon Diokno and Emilio de la Paz for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    1. PARENT AND CHILD; ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF NATURAL CHILD MADE IN PUBLIC DOCUMENTS WITH JUDICIAL APPROVAL. — The acknowledgment of oppositor and appellee B. P. was not made in a record of birth, which has never existed in this country, nor in a will, but is alleged to have been made in public documents with judicial approval. In Legare v. Cuerques (34 Phil., 221), and Samson v. Corrales Tan (48 Phil., 401), this court expressed the view that when an acknowledgment is made in a public document, judicial approval in a proceeding for that purpose is necessary. In the Instant case, there is a substantial compliance with the requirements of the law.

    2. ID.; ID. — The status of acknowledged natural child of said B. P. has also been expressly and under oath recognized by present appellant herein in previous legal proceedings, and the court, in the course of and in the final adjudication of those proceedings, has actually, expressly and solemnly recognized such status. Since such records are public documents the court held that the acknowledgment thus made therein, mutually and indubitably, by mother and son with due, recognition thereof by the appellant and by the court, satisfied substantially the requirements of articles 131 and 133 of the Civil Code.

    3. ID.; ID. — There was indeed, strictly speaking, no judicial approval given in a proceeding instituted for that purpose. However, considering the judicial recognition made under the peculiar·circumstances of the proceedings in which it was given and wherein the status in question was a relevant fact, and the absence of any reason whatsoever why the acknowledgment should not be approved if judicially inquired into in a proceeding directly instituted for that purpose, in the interest of justice, such judicial recognition may be regarded as equivalent to and having the same effect as the formal judicial approval required by Jaw.


    D E C I S I O N


    MORAN, J.:


    On February 19, 1934, petitioner herein, Rosario de Leon, instituted the present proceeding seeking to be declared universal heir and appointed administratrix of the properties left by her nephew, Jose F. de Leon, a minor who died intestate without spouse, descendants or collateral relatives other than said petitioner. Balbina Pasion, claiming to be the natural mother of said deceased, interposed an opposition and asserted for herself the right sought by the petitioner. The trial court adjudged the oppositor universal heir of the deceased minor, and from the judgment thus rendered, petitioner took the instant appeal.

    The case rests basically upon the legal sufficiency or insufficiency of the acknowledgment made by the oppositor-appellee herein of the natural filiation of the deceased minor.

    The pertinent provisions of the Civil Code are:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "ART. 131. The acknowledgment of a natural child must be made in the record of birth, in a will, or in some other public document."cralaw virtua1aw library

    "ART. 133 . . . Whenever the acknowledgment of a minor is not made in a record of birth or in a will, judicial approval (after hearing the prosecuting attorney) shall be necessary."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Acknowledgment has not been made in a record of birth, which has never existed in this country, nor in a will, but is alleged to have been made in public documents with judicial approval. In Legare v. Cuerques (34 Phil., 221), and Samson v. Corrales Tan (48 Phil., 401), we expressed the view that when an acknowledgment is made in a public document, judicial approval in a proceeding for that purpose is necessary. In the instant case, there is a substantial compliance with the requirements of the law.

    In the intestate proceedings (Civil Case No. 33553 of the Court of First Instance of Manila) of the late Jose G. de Leon y Tanguco, natural father of the deceased minor, and in the guardianship proceedings (Civil Case No. 33861 of the Court of First Instance of Manila) instituted in behalf of the minor by the now appellee herein, mother and son, in numerous records thereof consisting of form pleadings, exhibits, affidavits and testimonial evidence, have, on repeated occasions and in most instances under oath, expressly and mutually recognized each other as such. This status has also been expressly and under oath recognized by present appellant herein in said proceedings, and the courts in the course of and in the final adjudication of those proceedings, has actually, expressly and solemnly recognized such status. Since such records are public documents (Arcenas and Arcenas v. Laserna, 27 Phil., 599; U. S. v. Asensi, 34 Phil., 750; Donado v. Menendez Donado, 55 Phil., 861), we are of the opinion and so hold that the acknowledgment thus made therein, mutually and indubitably, by mother and son, with due recognition thereof by the appellant and by the court, satisfies substantially the requirements of articles 131 and 133 of the Civil Code, supra. (See Donado v. Menendez Donado, supra.) There was indeed, strictly speaking, no judicial approval given in a proceeding instituted for that purpose. However, considering the judicial recognition made under the peculiar circumstances of the proceedings in which it was given and wherein the status in question was a relevant fact, and the absence of any reason whatsoever why the acknowledgment should not be approved if judicially inquired into in a proceeding directly unstilted for that purpose, we believe that, in the interest of justice, such judicial recognition may be regarded as equivalent to and having the same effect as the formal judicial approval required by law.

    Judgment is affirmed, with costs against the Appellant.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Imperial, Diaz, Laurel, and Concepcion, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 45264   May 26, 1939 - JOSEFA CASTELLTORT v. BALBINA PASION<br /><br />068 Phil 224


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