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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-2004 Jurisprudence                 

  • Boy v. CA: 125088 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Buntag : 123070 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo, Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Culaba v. CA: 125862 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 125898 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Quizon v. CA: 127819 : April 27, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • The Insular Life Assurance Co Ltd v. CA: 126850 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Venzon v. Spa Santos : 128308 : April 24, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Nunez v. People : 127962 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayuman : 133436 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Kimura : 130805 : April 25, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 135204 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Quimzon : 133541 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Rom : 137585 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ambrosio : 135378 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • [G.R. NO. 140385. April 14, 2004]PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MARIO MARCELO y DELA CRUZ,appellant.

  • Texon Mnfg v. Millena : 141380 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • Philips Semiconductors (Phils) Inc v. Fadriquela : 141717 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Balag-ey : 141532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayangao : 142356 : April 14, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • Villanueva v. CA: 143286 : April 14, 2004 : J. Carpio : First Division : Decision

  • Oderon Vda de Cardona v. Amansec : 147216 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Resolution

  • Phil Employ Services & Resources Inc v. Paramio : 144786 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Litonjua v. Fernandez : 148116 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Rabbit Bus Line Inc v. People : 147703 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Emco Plywood Corp v. Abelgas : 148532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Saldaa : 148518 : April 15, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Imperial v. Jaucian : 149004 : April 14, 2004 : J. Pangaban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ibaez : 148627 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Sps Chan v. RTC of Zamboanga : 149253 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Dacillo : 149368 : April 28, 2004 : J. Corona : En Banc : Decision

  • Teope v. People : 149687 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Sidro v. People : 149685 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Sia v. People : 149695 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • BPI v. ALs Mgmt Dev't Corp : 151821 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Sevilla Trading Co v. Semana : 152456 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Batangas Power Corp v. Batangas City : 152675 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Mondragon Leisure and Resorts Corp v. United Coconut pLanters Bank : 154187 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Reyes : 153119 : April 13, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Decision

  • Agilent Technologies Singapore Ltd v. Integrated Silicon Tech Phils Corp : 154618 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Odilao Jr : 155451 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Vallejo v. CA: 156413 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Capital Credit Dimension Inc. v. Chua : 157213 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Kare v. Comelec : 157526 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Alcantara : 157669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Aradais v. Comelec : 157863 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Premiere Dev't Bank v. CA: 159352 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Honansan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Velarde v. Social Justice Society : 159357 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Vitug : En Banc : Separate Opinion

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Idulza v. Comelec : 160130 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Estrella v. Comelec : 160465 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Repol v. Comelec : 161418 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio : En Banc : Decision

  • Aklat-Asosasyon para sa kaunlaran ng Lipunan at Adhikain para sa Tao, Inc v. Comelec : 162203 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Ting-Dumali v. Torres : AC 5161 : Arpil 14, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Resolution

  • Sitaca v. Palomares : AC 5285 : April 14, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Decision

  • Fajardo v. Dela Torre : AC 6295 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Resolution

  • Paredes v. Padua : AM CA-91-3-P : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Resolution

  • Navarro v. Tormis : AM MTJ-00-1337 : April 27, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Alcaraz v. Lindo : AM MTJ-04-1539 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Muyco v. Saratan : AM P-03-1761 : April 2, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Resolution

  • Reyes Jr v. Cristi : AM P-04-1801 : April 2, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Decena v. Malanyaon : Am RTJ-02-1669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  •  





     
     

    Boy v. CA:  125088 : April 14, 2004 : J.  Azcuna : First Division : Decision

      Boy v. CA: 125088 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS


    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. NO. 125088 - April 14, 2004]

    LAGRIMAS A. BOY, Petitioner, v. COURT OF APPEALS, ISAGANI P. RAMOS AND ERLINDA GASINGAN RAMOS, Respondents.

    D E C I S I O N

    AZCUNA, J.:

    Before us is a Petition for Review on Certiorari of the Decision of the Court of Appeals in an ejectment case, docketed as CA-G. R. SP No. 38716, which reversed and set aside the decision1 of the Regional Trial Court of Manila, Branch 54,2 and reinstated the decision3 of the Metropolitan Trial Court of Manila, Branch 14,4 ordering petitioner to vacate the disputed premises and to pay rent until the premises are vacated and possession is turned over to private respondents.
    The facts, as stated by the Court of Appeals, are as follows:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    On September 24, 1993, the spouses Isagani P. Ramos and Erlinda Gasingan Ramos, private respondents herein, filed an action for ejectment against Lagrimas A. Boy (Lagrimas), petitioner herein, with the Metropolitan Trial Court of Manila. In their Complaint, the spouses Ramos alleged that they are the owners of a parcel of land with an area of 55. 75 square meters, and the house existing thereon, situated at 1151 Florentino Torres St., Singalong, Manila. They acquired the said properties from Lagrimas who sold the same to them by virtue of a Deed of Absolute Sale,5 which was executed on June 4, 1986. However, Lagrimas requested for time to vacate the premises, and they agreed thereto, because they were not in immediate need of the premises. Time came when they needed the said house as they were only renting their own residence. They then demanded that Lagrimas vacate the subject premises, but she refused to do so. Hence, they initiated this action for ejectment against Lagrimas. 6 cralawred

    In her Answer, Lagrimas alleged that sometime in September 1984, in order to accommodate her brother's need for a placement fee to work abroad, she borrowed P15,000 from the spouses Ramos, who asked for the subject property as collateral. On June 4, 1986, the spouses Ramos caused her to sign a Deed of Absolute Sale purporting to show that she sold the property in question to them for the sum of P31,000. The balance of P16,000 was promised to be paid on that date, but the promise was never fulfilled. Sometime in May 1988, Erlinda Ramos and Lagrimas executed an agreement (Kasunduan) 7 acknowledging that the subject parcel of land, together with the upper portion of the house thereon, had been sold by Lagrimas to the spouses Ramos for P31,000; that of the said price, the sum of P22,500 (representing P15,000 cash loan plus P7,500 as interest from September 1984 to May 1988) had been paid; that the balance of P8,500 would be paid on the last week of August 1988; and that possession of the property would be transferred to the spouses Ramos only upon full payment of the purchase price. 8 cralawred

    Lagrimas admitted that the counsel of the spouses Ramos sent her a letter demanding that she vacate the premises. Lagrimas alleged that the demand for her to pay the sum of P6,000 per month has no legal basis. Lagrimas was summoned by the Punong Barangay for conciliation, but no settlement was reached. 9 cralawred

    The Metropolitan Trial Court (MeTC) noted the existence of a Deed of Absolute Sale executed by the spouses Ramos and Lagrimas on June 4, 1986. The Deed was duly acknowledged before a Notary Public and the parties therein did not deny its due execution. The MeTC observed that Lagrimas' defense that the spouses Ramos still had to pay the amount of P16,000 to complete the full consideration of P31,000 was nowhere to be found in the Deed of Absolute Sale. 10 cralawred

    The MeTC held that the Kasunduan, which Lagrimas attached to her Answer, cannot be given binding effect. The MeTC stated that while Erlinda Ramos admitted the existence of said document, she thought that Lagrimas was only asking for an additional amount. Erlinda Ramos claimed that after signing and reading the document, she realized that it did not contain the true facts of the situation since they had already purchased the subject property and were, therefore, the owners thereof. Erlinda Ramos, thereafter, refused to give her residence certificate and asked the notary public not to notarize the document. Said incident was attested to by way of affidavit by Lutgarda Reyes, the friend and companion of Lagrimas. 11 cralawred

    Moreover, the MeTC ruled that the continued occupation by Lagrimas of said property after the sale, without payment of rent, was by mere tolerance. It held that since the spouses Ramos, who were staying in a rented place, were asked to vacate the same, they were in need to take possession of their own property. 12 cralawred

    The MeTC thus rendered judgment in favor of private respondents, the dispositive portion of which reads:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    WHEREFORE, judgment is hereby rendered in favor of the plaintiffs [herein private respondents] and against the defendant [herein petitioner], ordering the latter and the persons claiming rights under her to vacate the premises known as 1151 Florentino [Torres] Street, Singalong, Manila. The defendant is likewise ordered to pay plaintiffs the sum of P1,000. 00 per month as reasonable compensation for the use and occupation of the premises from the filing of this complaint until the premises is vacated and possession is turned over to the plaintiffs; the further sum of P5,000. 00 as attorney's fees plus the costs of the suit.

    Defendant's counterclaim is hereby dismissed for lack of merit.

    SO ORDERED. 13 cralawred

    Petitioner appealed said decision to the Regional Trial Court, which rendered judgment in her favor, thus:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    In view of the foregoing, this Court hereby reverses the assailed Decision and dismisses the complaint. Costs against the appellee.

    The order previously issued granting execution pending appeal is accordingly recalled.

    SO ORDERED. 14 cralawred

    The Regional Trial Court (RTC) held that the Kasunduan was binding between the parties and was the true agreement between them. It ruled that pending the determination of the question of ownership, it cannot deprive the party in actual possession of the right to continue peacefully with said possession. Since the question of ownership was inextricably woven with that of possession, the RTC held that the MeTC should have dismissed the case because jurisdiction pertains to another tribunal. 15 cralawred

    Private respondents filed a Petition for Review of the decision of the RTC with the Court of Appeals. They faulted the respondent Judge for giving credence to the Kasunduan and holding that it prevailed over the Deed of Absolute Sale. The Court of Appeals ruled in favor of private respondents, thus:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    WHEREFORE, the decision of the respondent Judge herein appealed from is hereby REVERSED and SET ASIDE, and the decision of the Metropolitan Trial Court is hereby REINSTATED.

    SO ORDERED. 16 cralawred

    The Court of Appeals found, thus:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    A review of the records discloses that the private respondent [herein petitioner Lagrimas] acquired the subject property from one Marianita C. Valera by virtue of two instruments. The first one is a Deed of Sale dated September 27, 1984, in which the vendor Marianita C. Valera sold a house of light wooden materials and her rights as a bonafide tenant of the land on which it stands, to the vendee Lagrimas A. Boy for P31,000. 00 (Annex 1 to the Affidavit of Lagrimas A. Boy, p. 67, Record). The second one is a deed of absolute sale and assignment of rights dated March 18, 1985, in which the vendor Ma. Nita C. Valera sold a residential house and her rights and interests over a parcel of land in which it is located, to vendee Lagrimas A. Boy, for the price of P31,000. 00 (Annex 2, Affidavit of Lagrimas A. Boy, pp. 68-69, Record).

    It appears from the foregoing that Marianita C. Valera was originally one of the tenants/residents of 669 square meters of land owned by the PNB. She constructed a house on a 55. 75 square meter portion of the said land. In 1984, she sold the house and only her rights as tenant of the land to private respondent, because the PNB had not yet sold the land to the residents. In 1985, the sale of the land to the residents had already been accomplished. Hence, she sold the house and her rights and interests to the land to the private respondent.

    Significantly, these contracts coincide with certain events in the relationship between the petitioners [herein private respondents spouses Ramos] and private respondent. According to the Answer of private respondent, sometime in September, 1984, she borrowed the sum of P15,000. 00 from the petitioners to accommodate her brother's placement fee to work abroad (par. 7, Answer, p. 19, Record). And on March 19, 1985, the private respondent executed a deed of real estate mortgage (Annex a to the Affidavit of Erlinda C. Ramos, pp. 54-55, Record), in which she mortgaged the properties she has acquired from Marianita C. Valera to the petitioners, to secure a loan in the amount of P26,200. 00, payable within three months.

    One year later, on June 4, 1986, the private respondent executed a deed of absolute sale in which she sold the same property acquired from Marianita C. Valera to the petitioners, for the price of P31,000. 00. 17 cralawred

    Considering that petitioner borrowed P26,200 from private respondents, which loan was covered by a real estate mortgage of the subject house and lot, and the subsequent sale of the property to private respondents for P31,000 after non-payment of the loan, the Court of Appeals did not give credence to the statement in the Kasunduan that private respondents paid only P22,500 to petitioner since her indebtedness already reached P26,200. The Court of Appeals gave weight to the argument of private respondents that Erlinda Ramos was merely tricked into signing the Kasunduan. It gave credence to the version of private respondents on how the Kasunduan came to be executed but not notarized, thus:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    x x x Erlinda G. Ramos alleged in her affidavit that sometime in May, 1988, the exact date of which she cannot recall, Lagrimas Boy went to their residence and pleaded that even if they have already fully paid the subject house and lot, she was asking for an additional amount because she needed the money and there was no one for her to approach (walang ibang matatakbuhan). She [Erlinda Ramos] claimed she committed a mistake because she agreed to give an additional amount and went with [Lagrimas] to Atty. Estacio at the City Hall. [Lagrimas] arrive[d] ahead [of] Atty. Estacio in company with her friend Lutgarda Bayas. Atty. Estacio told her [Erlinda Ramos] that she will give an additional amount and she agreed without the knowledge of her husband. Atty. Estacio handed to her a piece of paper and she was made to sign and she acceded and signed it without reading. After [Lagrimas] and her witnesses including her companion Lutgarda Bayas signed the paper, she [Erlinda Ramos] go[t] it and read it. It was at that point that she discovered that what were written thereon were not in accordance with the true and real fact and situation that the subject house and lot already belongs to them because they have purchased it already and {Lagrimas} only requested for an addition. She [Erlinda Ramos] told Atty. Estacio to change (baguhin) the statement because she was not agreeable and she did not give her residence certificate (Cedula). Notary Public Estacio said that he cannot notarize the document (purported Kasunduan) because she [Erlinda Ramos] refused saying she was "Pumapalag. " He said that Erlinda Ramos and [Lagrimas] should talk to each other again. She [Erlinda Ramos] committed another mistake because she left the place leaving the piece of paper -- purported "Kasunduan" without knowing that [Lagrimas] kept it. Erlinda Ramos innocently failed to demand the said piece of paper which [Lagrimas] is now using. She returned to Atty. Estacio to get the piece of paper but he answered her saying naibasura na and she trusted him but this time, it turned out that [Lagrimas] kept it which she is using now in this case. 18 cralawred

    The Court of Appeals stated that the fact that petitioner has remained in possession of the property sold, and paid its real estate taxes, would have made out a case for equitable mortgage. However, it noted that petitioner did not raise this defense, but admitted having sold the property to private respondents, alleging only that they have not paid the purchase price in full. It, therefore, ruled that the preponderance of evidence is against petitioner.

    Hence, this petition, with the following assigned errors:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    I

    THE RESPONDENT COURT GRAVELY ERRED AND ABUSED ITS DISCRETION IN NOT INTERPRETING THAT THE "KASUNDUAN" EXECUTED BY AND BETWEEN PETITIONER (DEFENDANT) AND PRIVATE RESPONDENT (PLAINTIFF) SUPERSEDES THE DEED OF SALE WHICH HAS NOT BEEN CONSUMMATED.

    II

    THE RESPONDENT COURT GRAVELY ERRED AND ABUSED ITS DISCRETION IN MISINTERPRETING AND DISREGARDING THE "KASUNDUAN" AS NOT APPLICABLE IN THE CASE AT BAR.

    III

    THE RESPONDENT COURT ERRED AND ABUSED ITS DISCRETION IN REVERSING AND DISMISSING THE DECISION OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT AND [IN REINSTATING] THE DECISION OF THE COURT A QUO. 19 cralawred

    Petitioner contends that, as ruled by the RTC, since the question of ownership in this case is interwoven with that of possession, the MeTC should have dismissed the case because jurisdiction pertains to another tribunal.

    The contention is without merit.

    The only issue for resolution in an unlawful detainer case is physical or material possession of the property involved, independent of any claim of ownership by any of the party litigants. 20 cralawred

    Prior to the effectivity of Batas Pambansa Blg. 129 (The Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980), the jurisdiction of inferior courts was confined to receiving evidence of ownership in order to determine only the nature and extent of possession, by reason of which such jurisdiction was lost the moment it became apparent that the issue of possession was interwoven with that of ownership. 21 cralawred

    With the enactment of Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, inferior courts were granted jurisdiction to resolve questions of ownership provisionally in order to determine the issue of possession, thus:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    Sec. 33. Jurisdiction of Metropolitan Trial Courts, Municipal Trial Courts and Municipal Circuit Trial Courts in Civil Cases.

    Boy v. CA:  125088 : April 14, 2004 : J.  Azcuna : First Division : Decision


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