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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
April-2004 Jurisprudence                 

  • Boy v. CA: 125088 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Buntag : 123070 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo, Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Culaba v. CA: 125862 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 125898 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Quizon v. CA: 127819 : April 27, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • The Insular Life Assurance Co Ltd v. CA: 126850 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Venzon v. Spa Santos : 128308 : April 24, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • Nunez v. People : 127962 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayuman : 133436 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Kimura : 130805 : April 25, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ramos : 135204 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • People v. Quimzon : 133541 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Rom : 137585 : April 28, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Ambrosio : 135378 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • [G.R. NO. 140385. April 14, 2004]PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. MARIO MARCELO y DELA CRUZ,appellant.

  • Texon Mnfg v. Millena : 141380 : April 14, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : Third Division : Decision

  • Philips Semiconductors (Phils) Inc v. Fadriquela : 141717 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Balag-ey : 141532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ayangao : 142356 : April 14, 2004 : J. Corona : Third Division : Decision

  • Villanueva v. CA: 143286 : April 14, 2004 : J. Carpio : First Division : Decision

  • Oderon Vda de Cardona v. Amansec : 147216 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Resolution

  • Phil Employ Services & Resources Inc v. Paramio : 144786 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Litonjua v. Fernandez : 148116 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Phil Rabbit Bus Line Inc v. People : 147703 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Emco Plywood Corp v. Abelgas : 148532 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Saldaa : 148518 : April 15, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Decision

  • Imperial v. Jaucian : 149004 : April 14, 2004 : J. Pangaban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Ibaez : 148627 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Sps Chan v. RTC of Zamboanga : 149253 : April 15, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • People v. Dacillo : 149368 : April 28, 2004 : J. Corona : En Banc : Decision

  • Teope v. People : 149687 : April 14, 2004 : J. Azcuna : First Division : Decision

  • Sidro v. People : 149685 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Sia v. People : 149695 : April 28, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • BPI v. ALs Mgmt Dev't Corp : 151821 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • Sevilla Trading Co v. Semana : 152456 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Batangas Power Corp v. Batangas City : 152675 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Mondragon Leisure and Resorts Corp v. United Coconut pLanters Bank : 154187 : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Reyes : 153119 : April 13, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : En Banc : Decision

  • Agilent Technologies Singapore Ltd v. Integrated Silicon Tech Phils Corp : 154618 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • People v. Odilao Jr : 155451 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Decision

  • Vallejo v. CA: 156413 : April 14, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Capital Credit Dimension Inc. v. Chua : 157213 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Decision

  • Kare v. Comelec : 157526 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • People v. Alcantara : 157669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Aradais v. Comelec : 157863 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Premiere Dev't Bank v. CA: 159352 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Honansan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Sandoval-Gutierrez : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Velarde v. Social Justice Society : 159357 : April 28, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Decision

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Vitug : En Banc : Separate Opinion

  • Honasan II v. Panel of Investigating Prosecutors of the DOJ : 159747 : April 13, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : En Banc : Dissenting Opinion

  • Idulza v. Comelec : 160130 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Estrella v. Comelec : 160465 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio-Morales : En Banc : Resolution

  • Repol v. Comelec : 161418 : April 28, 2004 : J. Carpio : En Banc : Decision

  • Aklat-Asosasyon para sa kaunlaran ng Lipunan at Adhikain para sa Tao, Inc v. Comelec : 162203 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : En Banc : Resolution

  • Ting-Dumali v. Torres : AC 5161 : Arpil 14, 2004 : Per Curiam : En Banc : Resolution

  • Sitaca v. Palomares : AC 5285 : April 14, 2004 : J. Vitug : Third Division : Decision

  • Fajardo v. Dela Torre : AC 6295 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Resolution

  • Paredes v. Padua : AM CA-91-3-P : April 14, 2004 : J. Panganiban : En Banc : Resolution

  • Navarro v. Tormis : AM MTJ-00-1337 : April 27, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Alcaraz v. Lindo : AM MTJ-04-1539 : April 14, 2004 : J. Ynares-Santiago : First Division : Decision

  • Muyco v. Saratan : AM P-03-1761 : April 2, 2004 : J. Quisumbing : Second Division : Resolution

  • Gonzales v. Familara III : AM P-04-1794 : April 14, 2004 : J. Austria-Martinez : Second Division : Resolution

  • Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Resolution

  • Reyes Jr v. Cristi : AM P-04-1801 : April 2, 2004 : J. Callejo Sr : Second Division : Decision

  • Decena v. Malanyaon : Am RTJ-02-1669 : April 14, 2004 : J. Tinga : Second Division : Resolution

  •  





     
     

    Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second
Division : Resolution

      Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second Division : Resolution

    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [A.M. NO. P-04-1784. April 28, 2004]

    RENATO R. MENDOZA, Petitioner, v. ANTONIA C. BUO-RIVERA, Respondent.

    R E S O L U T I O N

    PUNO, J.:

    This administrative matter against Antonia C. Buo-Rivera, Court Stenographer III of the Regional Trial Court of Manila, Branch 55, stemmed from her own letter-complaint1 addressed to the Acting Executive Judge of the Regional Trial Court of Manila Enrico A. Lanzanas, charging petitioner Renato R. Mendoza, Sheriff of RTC Manila, Branch 18, with unbecoming behavior for allegedly committing the following acts:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    1.Shouting huwag kang maniwala diyan (referring to Rivera), niloloko ka lang niyan, binobola ka lang niyan, while she was talking to Eduardo S. Divina, Legal Researcher of RTC Manila, Branch 18, at the hallway of the 4th floor of Manila City Hall, on February 5, 2002; andcralawlibrary

    2.Uttering bakit nandito na naman iyang putang-inang letseng babaeng iyan (referring to Rivera) ? Ikaw Gerald iwasan mo ang babaeng iyan at masamang impluwensiya iyan at baka ikaw mabuyo while she was at the corridor adjacent to the office of RTC Manila, Branch 18, looking for Gerardo M. Capulong, Court Stenographer III of RTC Manila, Branch 18, on May 15, 2002.

    Acting on this letter-complaint, Judge Lanzanas directed Mendoza to file his comment/answer.2 In his comment/answer,3 Mendoza denied the allegations against him. He attached the affidavits of Eduardo S. Divina4 and Atty. Carolina Peralta-Comon,5 Branch Clerk of Court of RTC Manila, Branch 18, to attest that the complained acts did not take place. He also attached the joint affidavit of three of Riveras co-employees in RTC Manila, Branch 55, to prove that Rivera is a known troublemaker and is in a habit of spreading wild rumors and sowing intrigues.6 Mendoza prayed that the complaint against him be dismissed and that Rivera be administratively charged for sowing intrigues and making false accusations.7 cralawred

    While Judge Lanzanas was conducting an investigation on the complaint, a formal complaint-affidavit arising from the same alleged acts was filed by Rivera with the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA) charging Mendoza with conduct prejudicial to the best interest of the service.8 Judge Lanzanas indorsed the case to the OCA.9 The administrative matter was docketed as A.M. OCA I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P.

    Based on the records transmitted to it, the OCA, through Deputy Court Administrator Christopher O. Lock, recommended the dismissal of Riveras complaint upon a finding that (a) side from her bare allegations, she did not present any evidence to substantiate her claim, such as the affidavits of her witnesses. On the contrary, it was respondent who was able to substantiate his defense by obtaining the affidavits of Mr. Divina and Atty. Peralta-Comon both of whom affirmed his statement that he never uttered the scurrilous remarks against complainant.10 cralawred

    On October 9, 2002, this Court adopted the findings of the OCA and dismissed the case of Rivera v. Mendoza, A.M. OCA I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P, for lack of merit.11 cralawred

    On November 19, 2002, Rivera filed a motion for reconsideration.12 She attached the affidavit of Gerardo M. Capulong who confirmed her allegation that the second scurrilous remarks were made.13 cralawred

    On February 24, 2003, this Court resolved to reconsider and set aside its Resolution dated October 9, 2002 and refer Riveras complaint to Judge Lanzanas for further investigation. This court also directed the OCA to docket the instant administrative matter and consolidate it with Riveras complaint.Hence, the OCA docketed Mendozas countercharge as A.M. I.P.I. No. 03-1584-P and consolidated it with A.M. OCA I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P.

    Acting on this Courts resolution, Judge Lanzanas conducted further hearings for reception of evidence. After evaluating the evidence, Judge Lanzanas recommended the dismissal of Rivera v. Mendoza, A.M. I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P, for lack of merit. In Mendoza v. Rivera, A.M. I.P.I. No. 03-1584-P, Judge Lanzanas found Rivera guilty of spreading gossips and false rumors and recommended a fine of one (1) month salary with the admonition that repeated conduct will be severely dealt with.14 cralawred

    The report of Judge Lanzanas was referred to the OCA for evaluation. On November 23, 2003, Deputy Court Administrator Lock agreed with the findings of Judge Lanzanas but modified the recommended penalty as follows:chanroblesvirtua1awlibrary

    1.That the complaint against respondent sheriff Renato R. Mendoza, docketed as A.M. OCA I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P be dismissed for lack of merit; andcralawlibrary

    2.That in A.M. OCA I.P.I. No. 03-1584-P, respondent Antonia C. Buo-Rivera be held guilty of Conduct Unbecoming of a Public Servant and be fined Php 5,000.00, with warning that a repetition of the same or similar act in the future will be dealt with more severely.15 cralawred

    On February 2, 2004, this Court resolved to dismiss Rivera v. Mendoza, A.M. I.P.I. No. 02-1415-P, for lack of merit. Hence, the instant administrative matter was redocketed as A.M. No. P-04-1784.

    We agree with the findings of the OCA and approve its recommended penalty.

    It is well-settled that in administrative proceedings, the complainant has the burden of proving by substantial evidence the allegations in his complaint.16 Substantial evidence is such amount of relevant evidence that a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.17 cralawred

    The charge of making false accusations was proven by substantial evidence.

    The falsity of Riveras allegations is patent from the records. Rivera testified that the first scurrilous remarks were made in the presence of Eduardo S. Divina18 while the second remarks were uttered in the presence of Gerardo M. Capulong and Atty. Carolina Peralta-Comon, among others.19 Divina and Atty. Peralta-Comon outrightly testified that no such scurrilous remarks were made.20 Capulong, on the other hand, refused to testify when a subpoena was issued to him. He submitted an explanation to Judge Lanzanas asking that he be excluded from testifying because both parties are his friends and that he cannot stand firm for one and against with another.21 It was only after the original complaint was dismissed by this Court that he executed an affidavit attached to Riveras motion for reconsideration confirming Riveras testimony that the second scurrilous words were uttered. As correctly pointed out by both Judge Lanzanas and Deputy Court Administrator Lock, however, the reason for his change of heart was not sufficiently explained. In fact, the credibility of his testimony is rendered doubtful by his own declaration that one of his reasons for taking Riveras side is Mendozas alleged menacing attitude towards him after the dismissal of Riveras complaint.22 In any case, Capulong testified that Atty. Peralta-Comon, Divina, Elena Arcenal, Romulo Bermudes and Sherry Cervantes also witnessed the second act complained of.23 However, like Atty. Peralta-Comon and Divina, Cervantes denied that Mendoza uttered the second scurrilous remarks.24 cralawred

    It is notable that Mendoza presented in his favor the testimonies of the very people alleged by Rivera and Capulong to have witnessed the complained events Atty. Carolina Peralta-Comon, Eduardo Divina and Sherry Cervantes. Rivera herself declared that she had no misunderstanding with Atty. Peralta-Comon and Divina.25 In fact, Atty. Peralta-Comon is the wife of her cousins nephew.26 It is also worthy to note that Rivera did not present the other alleged witnesses to rebut the testimonies of these three witnesses. It is therefore clear that Rivera is guilty of falsely accusing Mendoza.

    The charge of sowing intrigues was also sufficiently established.

    Ma. Lourdes S. Castillo, Arlene R. Calditaran and Isabelita D. Artus, co-employees of Rivera in RTC Manila, Branch 55, executed a joint affidavit stating that they personally know Rivera as a troublemaker and as someone who spreads wild rumors and gossips and causes quarrels among other employees by sowing intrigues.27 Castillo testified that Rivera told her suitor that Castillo was heavily indebted and that he deserved a better woman.28 Castillo also testified that Rivera had a quarrel with their other officemates, namely, Arlene R. Calditaran, Isabelita Artus and Rosanna Esteban.29 The testimonies of Calditaran and Artus were offered as evidence to support Castillos testimony. Artus testified that Rivera caused a fight between their former process server Cesar Sebastian and his wife Fely by spreading the rumor that the bracelet being sold by Mr. Sebastian was the lost bracelet of his wife.30 Mendoza testified that Rivera caused his childhood friend Police Inspector Alfredo Opriaza to challenge him to a gun duel and fistfight when she told Opriaza, who had a pending case with RTC Manila, Branch 55, that Mendoza was working for his conviction.31 Furthermore, Cervantes testified that Rivera was being avoided by most of her co-employees in RTC Manila, Branch 18 because of her habit of spreading gossips.32 cralawred

    Rivera hardly offered any evidence to counter these damaging testimonies. While presenting quite a number of witnesses to refute the testimony of Artus that she discouraged the staff of Branch 41 from eating at the canteen of their cooperative,33 she did not present any evidence to rebut the more important charges against her. She did not even present her other co-employees in RTC Manila, Branch 55, to rebut the damaging statements of Castillo, Artus and Calditaran or other employees in RTC Manila, Branch 18, to disprove the testimony of Cervantes. Rivera merely presented as witness Atty. Raymund U. Tan, President of the Philippine Association of Court Employees, who testified that she is perceived to be morally above reproach and a responsible officer.34 Surely, the lone testimony of Atty. Tan who had no personal knowledge of the events leading to this administrative matter cannot overcome the positive testimonies of Riveras co-employees who interact with her everyday.

    Time and again this Court has stressed that the conduct of everyone connected with the dispensation of justice, from the judges to the most junior of clerks, must at all times be characterized with propriety and decorum.35 Riveras acts of making false accusations and sowing intrigues are acts unbecoming of a public servant. They go against the principles of public service as solemnly enshrined in the 1987 Constitution36 and the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees (R.A. No. 6713). Such acts rob the attention of public employees and courts from more imperative tasks and result in undue wastage of government resources. Such contemptible kind of behavior must not be tolerated if we are to demand the highest degree of excellence and professionalism among public employees and preserve the integrity and dignity of our courts of justice.

    IN VIEW WHEREOF, we find Antonia C. Buo-Rivera guilty of conduct unbecoming of a public servant and impose on her a fine of P5,000, with a stern warning that repetition of the same or similar acts in the future will be dealt with more severely.

    SO ORDERED.

    Quisumbing, Austria-Martinez, Callejo, Sr. and TINGA, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1 Dated May 22, 2002; Rollo, p. 11.
    2 Memorandum dated May 22, 2002; Id. at p. 13.
    3 Dated June 7, 2002; Id. at p. 15.
    4 Id. at p. 7.
    5 Id. at p. 8.
    6 Id. at p. 9.
    7 Id. at p. 5.
    8 Id. at p. 2.
    9 Id. at p. 10.
    10 Id. at pp. 39-40.
    11 Id. at p. 41.
    12 Id. at p. 43.
    13 Id. at pp. 44-45.
    14 Report and Recommendation dated August 6, 2003, p. 6.
    15 Memorandum dated November 23, 2003, p. 4.
    17 Section 5, Rule 133, Rules of Court.
    18 TSN, July 29, 2002, p. 15.
    19 Id. at pp. 19-20.
    20 Supra Notes 4 and 5.
    21 Rollo, p. 30.
    22 TSN, April 8, 2003, pp. 14-16.
    23 Id. at p. 41.
    24 Rollo, p. 157.
    25 TSN, April 1, 2003, pp. 14-15.
    26 Ibid.
    27 Supra Note 6.
    28 TSN, May 13, 2002, p. 30.
    29 Id. at p. 37.
    30 Id. at pp. 57-59.
    31 TSN, May 20, 2003, p. 33.
    32 Supra Note 24.
    33 TSN dated May 13, 2003, pp. 72-74.
    34 TSN dated April 8, 2003, p. 56.
    35 De Jesus v. Collado, A.C. No. 3806 (1992).
    36 Section 1, Article XI.

    Mendoza v. Buo-RIvera : AM P-04-1784 : April 28, 2004 : J. Puno : Second
Division : Resolution


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