Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 2016 > January 2016 Decisions > G.R. No. 171722, January 11, 2016 - REMEDIOS PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. BENITO BURGOS, ET AL., Respondents.:




G.R. No. 171722, January 11, 2016 - REMEDIOS PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. BENITO BURGOS, ET AL., Respondents.

PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

SECOND DIVISION

G.R. No. 171722, January 11, 2016

REMEDIOS PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. BENITO BURGOS, ET AL., Respondents.

D E C I S I O N

LEONEN, J.:

Only questions of law may be raised in a petition for review on certiorari.1 The factual findings of the Court of Appeals bind this court.2 Although jurisprudence has provided several exceptions to these rules, exceptions must be alleged, substantiated, and proved by the parties so this court may evaluate and review the facts of the case. In any event, even in such cases, this court retains full discretion on whether to review the factual findings of the Court of Appeals.

This Petition for Review on Certiorari3 assails the Court of Appeals Decision4 that reversed the trial court Decision, and ordered the trial court to disallow redemption of the property and to consolidate ownership upon respondents, and Resolution that denied reconsideration.5 The Court of Appeals reversed the factual findings of the trial court.6

Ernesto and Remedios Pascual (Pascual Spouses) and Benito Burgos, et al. (Burgos, et al.)7 co-own a fishpond situated in Bulacan covered by Original Certificate of Title No. 21.8

On September 8, 1965, Burgos, et al. filed an action for partition of the fishpond and prayed for an "accounting of the income of the . . . fishpond from 1945 [,]"9

On August 31, 1976, the trial court rendered the Decision apportioning to Burgos, et al. 17% and to the Pascual Spouses 83% of the fishpond.10 The Pascual Spouses were also ordered to pay Burgos, et al. their unpaid shares in the income of the property since 1945, until the actual partition and delivery of shares.11

The Pascual Spouses appealed the trial court Decision before the Court of Appeals,12 which was denied on June 30, 1983.13 The Petition for Review on Certiorari filed before this court was also denied on January 11, 1984, and the Motion for Reconsideration denied on March 22, 1984.14

While the appeal of the trial court Decision on the partition case was pending, several incidents happened. On November 25, 1976, Burgos, et al. filed a Motion for Execution Pending Appeal of the money portion of the trial court Decision.15 The Motion was granted by the trial court.16 The Pascual Spouses then filed a Petition for Certiorari before the Court of Appeals.17

On July 5, 1978, the Court of Appeals dismissed the Pascual Spouses' Petition for Certiorari assailing the grant of the Motion for Execution Pending Appeal.18 The Pascual Spouses then filed a Petition for Review before this court, which was denied on May 16, 1979.19

On December 28, 1981, the trial court issued another order granting execution pending appeal.20 Thus, on February 9, 1982, the Deputy Sheriff of Bulacan addressed a Notice of Levy to the Register of Deeds of Bulacan, notifying that the fishpond and all its improvements were being levied.21

The Deputy Sheriff then issued a Notice of Auction Sale of Real Property setting the public auction on March 23, 1982.22 The auction sale was on the Pascual Spouses' share of the fishpond.23

On March 23, 1982, the auction sale was conducted and the Pascual Spouses' share of the fishpond was sold for P95,000.00 to Burgos, et al., through a certain Marcial Meneses, the highest bidder.24 A Certificate of Sale was then issued.25cralawred

On February 23, 1983, after almost a year since the conduct of the auction sale, the Pascual Spouses filed an Omnibus Motion before the trial court assailing the Writ of Execution issued on December 28, 1981 and the ensuing levy and sale of their share in the fishpond.26 The Pascual Spouses also "offer[ed] to post a bond to stay execution[.]"27 On April 21, 1983, the trial court denied the Pascual Spouses' Omnibus Motion since the assailed orders had already become final and executory.28

On April 25, 1983, the Pascual Spouses filed an Urgent Motion for Reconsideration and/or Extension of Time to Redeem before the trial court.29 They argued that the sale was void since the trial court Decision30 on the partition case, which was the basis for the Motion for Execution, was still pending appeal.31 They also argued that the Decision ordered that "the disputed property should not be touched pending appeal[.]"32 The Pascual Spouses also prayed that they be given until May 16, 1983 to redeem the property considering that the period of redemption already expired on April 15, 1983.33

Burgos, et al. filed a Motion for Confirmation of Sale on July 8, 1983, and then a Motion for Issuance of Writ of Possession on August 30, 1983.34

In the Order dated September 16, 1983, the trial court denied the Pascual Spouses' Urgent Motion for Reconsideration and/or Extension of Time to Redeem and granted Burgos, et al.'s Motions for Confirmation of Sale and Issuance of Writ of Possession.35

Undeterred, the Pascual Spouses filed on September 26, 1983 an Urgent Motion to Quash and/or Recall Writ of Possession also before the trial court.36 They argued for the first time that irregularities attended the auction sale, alleging anomalies in the number of times the notice of sale was published, the unconscionably low price the fishpond was sold at the auction sale, the lack of authority of Marcial Meneses to buy the fishpond on behalf of Burgos, et al., and the insufficiency in the description of rights and interests to be sold in the notice of sale.37

Without waiting for the resolution of the Urgent Motion to Quash and/or Recall Writ of Possession, the Pascual Spouses initiated on April 24, 1984 a separate case for annulment of execution of sale against Burgos, et al.38 This was raffled to Branch 6 of the Regional Trial Court, Malolos, Bulacan.39 Burgos, et al. then filed a Motion for Preliminary Hearing of their defense of lack of jurisdiction.40 The trial court denied the Motion, which prompted Burgos, et al. to file a Petition for Certiorari before the Court of Appeals.41 The Court of Appeals granted the Petition and ordered the dismissal of the Pascual Spouses' annulment of execution sale case.42 The Pascual Spouses filed a Petition for Review before this court, which was denied on March 10, 1989.43

As to the Pascual Spouses' Urgent Motion to Quash and/or Recall

Writ of Possession, the trial court denied the Motion in the Decision dated October 10, 1984.44 The Pascual Spouses filed a Motion for Partial Reconsideration that was denied by the trial court in the Order dated December 18, 1986.45 The trial court also rejected the Pascual Spouses' argument on the irregularities of the auction sale and, instead, upheld its validity.46 Thus, the Pascual Spouses filed a Petition for Review before the Court of Appeals assailing the trial court's October 10, 1984 Decision and its December 18, 1986 Order.47

On May 6, 1994, the Court of Appeals48 affirmed the trial court's Decision upholding the validity of the auction sale.49 However, it considered the Pascual Spouses' allegation that the price at which the fishpond was sold was unconscionably low.50 The Court of Appeals ordered the remand of the case to the trial court for reception of evidence in order to determine the fair market value of the fishpond at the time of the auction sale and whether equity demands that the Pascual Spouses still be allowed to redeem the property.51 The dispositive portion of the Decision states:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, this case is hereby remanded to the lower court, which is hereby directed to receive evidence solely for the purpose of determining the fair market value of the property in question on March 23, 1982, when the rights and interests of defendants-appellants therein were sold at public action, and to decide on the basis thereof, whether or not it is equitable to allow the defendants-appellants to redeem the said rights and interests. In all other aspects not inconsistent with this, the orders herein appealed from are hereby AFFIRMED, with costs against the defendants-appellants.52cralawlawlibrary

Burgos, et al. filed before this court a Petition for Review on Certiorari assailing the Court of Appeals Decision remanding the case to the trial court.53 This court denied the Petition on July 12, 1995, and the Resolution became final and executory on October 9, 1995.54 The case was then remanded to the Regional Trial Court.55

On April 23, 1999, the trial court set the case for hearing pursuant to the Court of Appeals Decision dated May 6, 1994.56

The Pascual Spouses presented three (3) witnesses57 to prove that the fair market value of the fishpond sold at public auction in 1982 was P200,000.00 per hectare. On the other hand, Burgos, et al. presented three (3) witnesses58 to prove that the fishpond's fair market value was only PI0,000.00 to P20,000.00 per hectare.

The Pascual Spouses' first witness, Silvestre Pascual, is the brother of Ernesto Pascual.59 He testified that, as the son of the fishpond's owner and as a fishpond operator himself, he knew the value of the fishpond.60 Silvestre Pascual testified that in 1963 or 1964, the fishpond previously owned by his mother was sold to Ernesto Pascual for P100,000.00.61 In 1982, he learned from his friends and neighbors who were also fishpond operators that the value of the fishpond was already P200,000.00 per hectare.62

The Pascual Spouses' second witness was Guillermo Samonte, a fishpond caretaker.63 He testified that the market value of the fishpond was P200,000.00 per hectare in 1982.64 He knew this amount as he witnessed the sale transaction between the Fishermen Corporation and Precillano65 Gonzales Development Corporation.66 To prove the transaction, Guillermo Samonte presented a Deed of Absolute Sale67 dated November 19, 1981 and testified that the total consideration was P10,000,000.00.68 The Deed documented a sale of a 481,461-square meter parcel of land in Bulacan for P4,000,000.00.69

Antonio Gonzales was the Pascual Spouses' third witness. He was the former President of Precillano Gonzales Development Corporation and he purchased the property testified to by Guillermo Samonte for the Corporation.70 He corroborated the testimony of Guillermo Samonte and clarified that P4,000,000.00 was paid in cash to the seller and the seller's loan of P6,000,000.00 to Philippine National Bank was assumed by the buyer, totaling P10,000,000.00.71

Burgos, et al.'s first witness, Policarpio dela Cruz, was the son of Catalina Antonio, one of the former owners of the fishpond who sold her share to the Pascual Spouses.72 He claimed knowledge of the prices of fishponds as he grew up in and continued visiting Bulacan.73 He testified that in 1982, first-class fishponds were sold at P20,000.00 to P30,000.00 per hectare "while second[-]class fishponds were sold at a lower price."74 The fishpond in this case is considered second-class so it was priced at P10,000.00 to P20,000.00 per hectare.75

Policarpio dela Cruz presented two (2) tax declarations.76 The first tax declaration with number 22377 series of 1974 covered the fishpond. The tax declaration states that the market value of the fishpond was P202,694.00.78 The second tax declaration with number 1046879 series of 1980 covered a parcel of land in Bulacan used as a fishpond with an area of 12.9493 hectares.80 The market value of the property was P388,479.00.81

Patricia delos Reyes was Burgos, et al.'s second witness. She testified that she is the great grandniece of Benito Burgos and was in possession of the property pursuant to this court's Decision.82 She presented two (2) tax declarations covering the property to prove its market value.83 The first was the same tax declaration presented by Policarpio dela Cruz with number 223,84 series of 1974. It showed that the property had an area of 10.1347 hectares and market value of P202,694.00.85 Tax declaration number 223 series of 1974 was cancelled by tax declaration number 1280786 dated April 9, 1985,87 the second tax declaration presented by Patricia delos Reyes. Tax declaration number 12807 states that the market value of the property is P304,041.00.88

Burgos, et al.'s last witness was Antonio Magpayo, the Municipal Assessor in Bulacan in 1975 and re-appointed in 1995.89 Antonio Magpayo identified and showed in his Book of Tax Declarations the tax declaration presented by Patricia delos Reyes.90 He also testified that no tax declaration was issued in 1982.91

On September 24, 2001, the trial court92 gave credence to the evidence presented by the Pascual Spouses.93 The trial court considered the testimony of Antonio Gonzales authoritative, having come from a disinterested witness who was a fishpond operator himself and who negotiated the sale of a 48-hectare fishpond also in Bulacan.94 The trial court did not give any weight to the tax declarations presented by Burgos, et al.'s witnesses as these did not reflect the actual fair market value of the properties covered by these tax declarations.95 The trial court held:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, this Court finds the fair market value of the fishpond in question to be P200,000.00 per hectare or P2,000,000.00 in 1982. Considering that it was only sold at an unusually lower price of P95,000.00 than its true value, the Court consequently finds it equitable to allow the defendants to redeem the rights and interests thereto within a period of ninety (90) days after the finality of this decision.

SO ORDERED.96ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
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Burgos, et al. appealed the trial court Decision.97

On June 30, 2005, the Court of Appeals rendered the Decision granting the appeal.98 It emphasized that the Decision, which remanded the case to the trial court, still affirmed the validity of the auction sale and the issuance of a Writ of Possession in favor of Burgos.99 The case was remanded solely to determine the fair market value of the property to decide on whether the Pascual Spouses can still redeem the property as a matter of equity.100

Upon review of the evidence presented by the parties, the Court of Appeals found that there was a discrepancy between the testimony of Antonio Gonzales and the provisions in the Deed of Sale presented.101

Antonio Gonzales testified that the purchase price of the fishpond in the sale between The Fishermen Corporation and Precillano Gonzales Development Corporation was P10,000,000.00.102 P4,000,000.00 was paid in cash, while the buyer had to assume the P6,000,000.00 loan of the seller.103 However, the Deed of Sale provides otherwise:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

From the purchase price of P4,000,000.00, the BUYER shall undertake to pay the existing indebtedness of SELLER to the National Investment and Development Corporation and the Philippine National Bank in order to secure the release of the mortgaged property. The amount paid to the National Investment and Development Corporation shall be considered as part of the purchase price.104 (Underscoring in the original)
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The Pascual Spouses offered no proof to clarify this inconsistency.105 Moreover, the sale testified to by the witnesses of the Pascual Spouses was an isolated transaction.106 No evidence was presented to show that the fishpond subject of the sale was the same type, quality, and quantity of the disputed fishpond.107 The Court of Appeals held that this sale cannot be deemed to reflect the fair market value of the disputed fishpond.108

On the other hand, the tax declarations presented by Burgos, et al., being public documents, are prima facie evidence of the statements written there, including the market value of the property.109 Thus, the Pascual Spouses must present ample proof to substantiate a contrary allegation,110 which they failed to do. Thus:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

WHEREFORE, this appeal is GRANTED. The Decision dated September 24, 2001 of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 8, Malolos, Bulacan is hereby REVERSED and SET ASIDE. The trial court is ordered not to allow appellees to redeem their former rights, interests and participation in the property covered by Original Certificate of Title No. 21, and to consolidate ownership of the same upon appellants.111ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
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The Pascual Spouses filed a Motion for Reconsideration, which was denied by the Court of Appeals in the Resolution dated February 13, 2006.112

Remedios Pascual filed this Petition for Review on Certiorari assailing the Court of Appeals Decision and Resolution, which reversed and set aside the trial court Decision.

Upon order113 of this court, Burgos, et al. filed a Comment114 on September 21, 2006. This court then required Remedios Pascual to file a Reply.115 Remedios Pascual filed a Manifestation116 stating that she was not filing a Reply.

The issues raised by petitioner Remedios Pascual and respondents Benito Burgos, et al. are:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

First, whether a petition for review before this court allows a review of the factual findings of the lower courts; and

Second, whether this case presents an exception to the rule on this court's power to review decisions of the Court of Appeals via a petition for review. If in the affirmative, whether the price at which the fishpond was sold is unconsionably low.

We find that the case does not fall under any of the exceptions. Thus, we do not delve into the factual issues of the case and affirm the Decision of the Court of Appeals.

I

Review of appeals filed before this court is "not a matter of right, but of sound judicial discretion[.]"117 This court's action is discretionary. Petitions filed "will be granted only when there are special and important reasons[.]"118 This is especially applicable in this case, where the issues have been fully ventilated before the lower courts in a number of related cases.

The Rules of Court require that only questions of law should be raised in petitions filed under Rule 45.119 This court is not a trier of facts. It will not entertain questions of fact as the factual findings of the appellate courts are "final, binding[,] or conclusive on the parties and upon this [c]ourt"120 when supported by substantial evidence.121 Factual findings of the appellate courts will not be reviewed nor disturbed on appeal to this court.122

However, these rules do admit exceptions. Over time, the exceptions to these rules have expanded. At present, there are 10 recognized exceptions that were first listed in Medina v. Mayor Asistio, Jr.:123chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

(1) When the conclusion is a finding grounded entirely on speculation, surmises or conjectures; (2) When the inference made is manifestly mistaken, absurd or impossible; (3) Where there is a grave abuse of discretion; (4) When the judgment is based on a misapprehension of facts; (5) When the findings of fact are conflicting; (6) When the Court of Appeals, in making its findings, went beyond the issues of the case and the same is contrary to the admissions of both appellant and appellee; (7) The findings of the Court of Appeals are contrary to those of the trial court; (8) When the findings of fact are conclusions without citation of specific evidence on which they are based; (9) When the facts set forth in the petition as well as in the petitioner's main and reply briefs are not disputed by the respondents; and (10) The finding of fact of the Court of Appeals is premised on the supposed absence of evidence and is contradicted by the evidence on record.124 (Citations omitted)cralawlawlibrary

These exceptions similarly apply in petitions for review filed before this court involving civil,125 labor,126 tax,127 or criminal cases.

A question of fact requires this court to review the truthfulness or falsity of the allegations of the parties.129 This review includes assessment of the "probative value of the evidence presented."130 There is also a question of fact when the issue presented before this court is the correctness of the lower courts' appreciation of the evidence presented by the parties. Petitioner asks this court to review the facts of the case:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

This Honorable Court is now, from the foregoing, confronted with a controversy as to which will prevail - the findings of facts of the trial court which is based on preponderance of evidence or the findings of facts of the court a quo which is based on the alleged misapprehension of facts allegedly committed by the former court.131ChanRoblesVirtualawlibrary
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Petitioner admits that she is raising factual issues that this court cannot entertain.132 However, she argues that this case falls under the exceptions to this rule.133

II

Parties praying that this court review the factual findings of the Court of Appeals must demonstrate and prove that the case clearly falls under the exceptions to the rule. They have the burden of proving to this court that a review of the factual findings is necessary.134 Mere assertion and claim that the case falls under the exceptions do not suffice.

Petitioner claims that this case presents two (2) exceptions to the rule against a review of factual findings by this court.135 Petitioner alleges that the Court of Appeals committed grave abuse of discretion.136 Further, she states that the findings of fact of the Court of Appeals and of the Regional Trial Court are contrary to each other.137

Respondents counter that the Court of Appeals Decision is "more consistent with the testimony of the witnesses and the evidence presented by the parties during the trial[.]"138

III

The Court of Appeals must have gravely abused its discretion in its appreciation of the evidence presented by the parties and in its factual findings to warrant a review of factual issues by this court. Grave abuse of discretion is defined, thus:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

By grave abuse of discretion is meant such capricious and whimsical exercise of judgment as is equivalent to lack of jurisdiction. The abuse of discretion must be grave as where the power is exercised in an arbitrary or despotic manner by reason of passion or personal hostility and must be so patent and gross as to amount to an evasion of positive duty or to a virtual refusal to perform the duty enjoined by or to act at all in contemplation of law.

Grave abuse of discretion refers not merely to palpable errors of jurisdiction; or to violations of the Constitution, the law and jurisprudence. It refers also to cases in which, for various reasons, there has been a gross misapprehension of facts.139(Citations omitted)
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This exception was first laid down in Buyco v. People, et al.:140chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

In the case at bar, the Tenth Amnesty Commission, the court of first instance and the Court of Appeals found, in effect, that the evidence did not suffice to show that appellant had acted in the manner contemplated in the amnesty proclamation. Moreover, unlike the Barrioquinto cases, which were appealed directly to this Court, which, accordingly, had authority to pass upon the validity of the findings of fact of the court of first instance and of its conclusions on the veracity of the witnesses, the case at bar is before us on appeal by certiorari from a decision of the Court of Appeals, the findings and conclusions of which, on the aforementioned subjects, are not subject to our review, except in cases of grave abuse of discretion, which has not been shown to exist.141 (Emphasis supplied)
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Petitioner fails to convince this court that the Court of Appeals committed grave abuse of discretion in reversing the trial court's factual findings and appreciation of the evidence presented by the parties. Petitioner claims that:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

[T]he court a quo gravely abused its discretion when it rendered its assailed decision and resolution since it contravened the principle that "findings of fact of trial courts are entitled to great respect and are bindings [sic] on the Supreme Court in the absence of showing bias, partiality, or grave abuse of discretion on the part of the presiding judge" - (People vs. Vitancur, 345 SCRA 414) and the principle that "in the absence of a palpable error or grave abuse of discretion on the part of the trial judge, the trial court's evaluation of the credibility of witnesses will not be disturbed on appeal" - (People vs. Mendez, 335 SCRA 147).142cralawlawlibrary

Other than saying that the Court of Appeals allegedly failed to apply doctrines laid down by this court, petitioner has not presented this court with cogent reasons why the Court of Appeals gravely abused its discretion when it re-evaluated the evidence presented by the parties and reached different factual findings.

Grave abuse of discretion, to be an exception to the rule, must have attended the evaluation of the facts and evidence presented by the parties. In Cariño v. Court of Appeals,143 the issue presented before this court was "whether the respondent Court of Appeals committed grave abuse of discretion in concluding that the Deed of Sale of House and Transfer of Rights (Exhibit 'D-l'), on which the petitioners have based their application over the questioned lot, is simulated and, therefore, an inexistent deed of sale."144 To resolve the issue, this court examined whether there was substantial and convincing evidence to support the factual findings of the Court of Appeals.145

In any case, the Court of Appeals' reversal or modification of the factual findings of the trial court does not automatically mean that it gravely abused its discretion. The Court of Appeals, acting as an appellate court, is still a trier of facts. Parties can raise questions of fact before the Court of Appeals and it will have jurisdiction to rule on these matters. Otherwise, if only questions of law are raised, the appeal should be filed directly before this court.

This is not to say that the trial court's findings of fact, especially with regard to the credibility of witnesses, are of little weight. The doctrine in the cases cited by petitioner, People v. Vitancur146 and People v. Mendez,147 is a time-honored rule. The trial court's findings of fact are given much weight because of the trial court judges' first-hand knowledge and familiarity with the disposition of the witnesses who testified before them, and this is important in certain cases. However, this doctrine does not diminish the Court of Appeals' jurisdiction in reviewing the factual findings of the trial court. Further, in the cited cases, the Court of Appeals did not even have the opportunity to review the factual findings of the trial court as the case was directly elevated to this court on automatic appeal.148

IV

The Court of Appeals' appreciation of the weight of the evidence presented by the parties is opposed to that of the trial court. Unlike the trial court, the Court of Appeals did not give any weight to Antonio Gonzales' testimony.149 Instead, it relied on the tax declarations presented by the parties to find the market value of the fishpond in 1982.150

While the factual findings of the Court of Appeals are contrary to those of the trial court, this alone does not automatically warrant a review of factual findings by this court. In Uniland Resources v. Development Bank of the Philippines:151chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

It bears emphasizing that mere disagreement between the Court of Appeals and the trial court as to the facts of a case does not of itself warrant this Court's review of the same. It has been held that the doctrine that the findings of fact made by the Court of Appeals, being conclusive in nature, are binding on this Court, applies even if the Court of Appeals was in disagreement with the lower court as to the weight of evidence with a consequent reversal of its findings of fact, so long as the findings of the Court of Appeals are borne out by the record or based on substantial evidence. While the foregoing doctrine is not absolute, petitioner has not sufficiently proved that his case falls under the known exceptions.152 (Citations omitted)
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The lower courts' disagreement as to their factual findings, at most, presents only prima facie basis for recourse to this court:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

One such exception, of course, is where — as here — the factual findings of the Court of Appeals conflict with those of the Trial Court, but it is one that must be invoked and applied only with great circumspection and upon a clear showing that manifestly correct findings have been unwarrantedly rejected or reversed. On the one hand, the trial court is the beneficiary of the rule that its findings of fact are entitled to great weight and respect; on the other, the Court of Appeals is, as a general proposition, the ultimate judge of the facts in a case appealed to it — a prerogative which is at the same time a duty conferred upon it by law. Thus, while a conflict in their findings may prima facie provide basis for a recourse to this Court, only a showing, on the face of the record, of gross or extraordinary misperception or manifest bias in the Appellate Court's reading of the evidence will justify this Court's intervention by way of assuming a function usually within the former's exclusive province. There is no showing here of such exceptional circumstances, petitioners advertence to certain findings of the Court of Appeals in her view contrary to the weight or import of the evidence notwithstanding. In short, nothing in the record warrants this Court's substituting its own assessment of the evidence for that of the Court of Appeals in contravention of the general rule that restricts to questions of law the scope of its review of the latter's decisions.153 (Citation omitted)cralawlawlibrary

Garcia, et al. v. Court of Appeals, et al.,154 the case cited by Medina as basis for this exception, supports this pronouncement. In Garcia, this court considered the contrary findings of the Court of Appeals and the trial court as one of the circumstances compelling this court to find out whether the case falls under the exceptions allowing it to review factual findings of the Court of Appeals.156 Thus:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

The preliminary question which poses itself in connection with this first assignment of error is whether this Court may make its own findings of feet independently of those made by the Court of Appeals. The general rule is that the appellate court's findings are conclusive, but this rule is not without some recognized exceptions, such as:
(1) When the conclusion is a finding grounded entirely on speculations, surmises or conjectures; (2) when the inference is manifestly mistaken, absurd or impossible; (3) when there is a grave abuse of discretion; (4) when the judgment is based on a misapprehension of facts; (5) when the findings of fact are conflicting; (6) when the Court of Appeals, in making its findings, went beyond the issues of the case and the same is contrary to the admissions of both appellant and appellee.
Several circumstances compelled us to go into the record of this case in order to find out whether or not it falls within the exceptions above stated: first, the findings of the Court of Appeals are contrary to those of the trial court; second, said findings are in the nature of conclusions, without citation of the specific evidences on which they are based; and third, the facts set forth in the petition as well as in the petitioners' main and reply briefs, with the corresponding references to the record, are not disputed by the respondents. These facts are necessary for a clear understanding and proper resolution of the issue of rescission in this case.157 (Emphasis supplied)
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The three (3) circumstances in Garcia that compelled this court to look into the records of the case to determine whether an exception exists were then included as exceptions to the rule in Tolentino v. De Jesus158 and subsequent cases.159 In Remalante v. Tibe,160 this court, in a footnote, discussed:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

In Sacay v. Sandiganbayan, the Court enumerated four more exceptions:chanRoblesvirtualLawlibrary

. . . (7) the findings of the Court of Appeals are contrary to those of the trial court; (8) said findings of fact are conclusions without citation of specific evidence on which they are based; (9) the facts set forth in the petition as well as in the petitioners' main and reply briefs are not disputed by the respondents; (10) the finding of fact of the Court of Appeals is premised on the supposed absence of evidence and is contradicted by the evidence on record.

However, in Garcia, the Court considered exception Nos. 7, 8 and 9 as circumstances that, taken together, compelled it to go into the record of the case in order to find out whether or not it fell within any of the six established exceptions.

On the other hand, exception No. 10 may be considered as an illustration of the fourth exception — that the judgment is based on a misapprehension of facts.161cralawlawlibrary

Petitioner failed to show why the factual findings of the Court of Appeals are without any basis. Petitioner does not dispute the tax declarations relied upon by the Court of Appeals.. Instead, petitioner insists that the testimony of Antonio Gonzales should be given weight despite the valid and substantial basis provided by the Court of Appeals to find otherwise. She still failed to clarify and explain the anomaly between Antonio Gonzales' testimony on the purchase price of the fishpond sold to Precillano Gonzales Development Corporation and the provision on the purchase price in the Deed of Sale presented.

We do not find any compelling reason to review the factual findings of the Court of Appeals. It is time for this long dispute that has vexed both parties to be finally laid to rest.

WHEREFORE, the Petition for Review is DENIED.

SO ORDERED.chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary

Carpio, (Chairperson), Brion, Del Castillo, and Mendoza, JJ., concur.

Endnotes:


1 Rules of Court, Rule 45, sec. 1.

2Bank of the Philippine Islands v. Leobrera, 461 Phil. 461, 469 (2003) [Per J. Ynares-Santiago, Special First Division].

3Rollo, pp. 10-25.

4 Id. at 26-40. The case was docketed as CA-G.R. CV No. 73060. The Decision was penned by Associate Justice Magdangal M. De Leon and concurred in by Associate Justices Salvador J. Valdez, Jr. (Chair) and Mariano C. Del Castillo (now an Associate Justice of this court) of the Eighth Division.

5 Id. at 41-42. The Resolution was penned by Associate Justice Magdangal M. De Leon and concurred in by Associate Justices Mariano C. Del Castillo (Chair) and Arturo D. Brion (now an Associate Justice of this court) of the Special Former Eighth Division.

6 Id. at 39, Court of Appeals Decision.

7 The names of the other respondents are not indicated in the rollo or in the lower courts' records.

8 RTC records, p. 18, Court of Appeals Decision in CA-G.R. CV No. 15902.

9 Id.

10 Id. at 18-19.

11 Id.

12Rollo, p. 29, Court of Appeals Decision. The case was docketed as CA-G.R. No. 62252-R.

13 Id.

14 Id. at 30.

15 Id. at 27.

16 Id.

17 Id. The case was docketed as CA-G.R. No. 07052-R.

18 Id.

19 Id.

20 Id. at 28.

21 Id.

22 Id.

23 Id.

24 Id.

25 Id.

26 Id.

27 Id.

28 Id.

29 Id.

30 RTC records, pp. 18-30. The case was docketed as CA-G.R. CV No. 15902. The Decision was penned by Associate Justice Hector L. Hofileña and concurred in by Associate Justices Pedro A. Ramirez and Cancio C. Garcia of the Eighth Division.

31Rollo, pp. 28-29, Court of Appeals Decision.

32 RTC records, p. 20.

33Rollo, pp. 28-29, Court of Appeals Decision.

34 Id. at 29.

35 Id.

36 Id. at 30.

37 Id.

38 Id. The case was docketed as Civil Case No. 7442-M.

39 Id.

40 Id. at 31.

41 Id.; RTC records, p. 22, Court of Appeals Decision in CA-G.R. CV No. 15902. The case was docketed asCA-G.R. No. 19179.

42 RTC records, pp. 22-23, Court of Appeals Decision in CA-G.R. CV No. 15902.

43 Id. at 23.

44 Id. at 21-22.

45 Id. at 22.

46 Id.

47 Id. at 18.

48 Id. at 18-30. The case was docketed as CA-G.R. CV No. 15902. The Decision was penned by Associate Justice Hector L. Hofileña and concurred in by Associate Justices Pedro A. Ramirez and Cancio C. Garcia of the Eighth Division.

49 Id. at 24-27.

50 Id. at 29.

51 Id.

52 Id.

53 Id. at 34.

54 Id.

55 Id. at 35.

56 Id. at 36.

57Rollo, p. 43, Regional Trial Court Decision. The witnesses were "Silvestre Pascual, the son of the former owner of the property and a fishpond operator himself, Guillermo Samonte, a fishpond caretaker of Lito Samonte and a former fishpond caretaker of Antonio Gonzales at Taliptip, Bulacan, Bulacan, and Atty. Antonio Gonzales, the former President of Prescillano Gonzales Development Corporation."

58 Id. at 44. The witnesses were "Policarpio A. [d]ela Cruz, the son of one of the heirs, Patricia de los [sic] Reyes, the great grandniece of plaintiff Benito Burgos and Antonio Magpayo[,] Jr., the Municipal Assesor [sic] of Bulacan, Bulacan."

59 Id.

60 Id. at 43.

61 Id. at 44.

62 Id.

63 Id.

64 Id.

65 Prescillano (Id. at 43) and Precillano (Id. at 45) are used interchangeably in the records.

66 Id. at 45.

67 RTC records, pp. 94-97.

68Rollo, pp. 44-45, Regional Trial Court Decision.

69 RTC records, p. 96, Deed of Absolute Sale.

70Rollo, p. 45, Regional Trial Court Decision.

71 Id.

72 Id. at 45-46.

73 Id. at 46.

74 Id. at 45.

75 Id.

76 Id. at 46.

77 RTC records, p. 107.

78 Id.

79 Id. at 109.

80 Id.

81 Id.

82Rollo, p. 46, Regional Trial Court Decision.

83 Id.

84 RTC records, p. 129.

85 Id.

86 Id. at 128.

87 Id.

88 Id. at 128.

89Rollo, p. 47, Regional Trial Court Decision.

90 Id.

91 Id.

92 The Decision was penned by Judge Manuel R. Ortiguerra of Branch 8 of the Regional Trial Court of Malolos, Bulacan.

93Rollo. p. 48, Regional Trial Court Decision.

94 Id.

95 Id.

96 Id.

97 Id. at 26, Court of Appeals Decision.

98 Id. at 39.

99 Id. at 33.

100 Id. at 33 and 39.

101 Id. at 35.

102 Id.

103 Id.

104 Id.

105 Id. at 37.

106 Id. at 38.

107 Id.

108 Id.

109 Id. at 36.

110 Id.

111 Id. at 39.

112 Id. at 41-42, Court of Appeals Resolution.

113 Id. at 63, Supreme Court Resolution dated June 26, 2006.

114 Id. at 76-82.

115 Id. at 87, Supreme Court Resolution dated November 29, 2006.

116 Id. at 93-94.

117 Rules of Court, Rule 45, sec. 6.

118 Rules of Court, Rule 45, sec. 6.

119 Rules of Court, Rule 45, sec. 1.

120Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Embroidery and Garments Industries (Phil), Inc., 364 Phil. 541, 546 (1999) [Per J. Pardo, First Division].

121 Siasat v. Court of Appeals, 425 Phil. 139, 145 (2002) [Per J. Pardo, First Division]; Tabaco v. Court of . Appeals, 239 Phil. 485, 490 (1994) [Per J. Bellosillo, First Division]; and Padilla v. Court of Appeals, 241 Phil. 776, 781 (1988) [Per J. Paras, Second Division].

122Bank of the Philippine Islands v. Leobrera, 461 Phil. 461, 469 (2003) [Per J. Ynares-Santiago, Special First Division].

123 269 Phil. 225 (1990) [Per J. Bidin, Third Division].

124 Id. at 232.

125Dichoso, Jr. v. Marcos, G.R. No. 180282, April 11, 2011, 647 SCRA 495, 501-502 [Per J. Nachura, Second Division] and Spouses Caoili v. Court of Appeals, 373 Phil. 122, 132 (1999) [Per J. Gonzaga- Reyes, Third Division].

126 Go v. Court of Appeals, 474 Phil. 404, 411 (2004) [Per J. Ynares-Santiago, First Division] and Arriola v. Pilipino Star Ngayon, Inc., G.R. No. 175689, August 13, 2014, 732 SCRA 656, 673 [Per J. Leonen, Third Division].

127 Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Embroidery and Garments Industries (Phil), Inc., 364 Phil. 541, 546-547 (1999) [Per J. Pardo, First Division].

128 Macayan, Jr. v. People, G.R. No. 175842, March 18, 2015 9 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division]; Benito v. People, G.R. No. 204644, February 11, 2015 7 [Per J. Leonen, Second Division].

129 Republic v. Ortigas and Company Limited Partnership, G.R. No. 171496, March 3, 2014, 717 SCRA 601, 613 [Per J. Leonen, Third Division] and Cirtek Employees Labor Union-Federation of Free Workers v. Cirtek Electronics, Inc., 665 Phil. 784, 788 (2011) [Per J. Carpio Morales, Third Division].

130Republic v. Ortigas and Company Limited Partnership, G.R. No. 171496, March 3, 2014, 717 SCRA 601, 612 [Per J. Leonen, Third Division].

131Rollo, p. 23, Petition. Id. at 20. Id. at 21.

132 Id. at 20.

134Borlongan v. Madrideo, 380 Phil. 215, 223 (2000) [Per J. De Leon, Jr., Second Division]: "In civil cases the burden of proof to be established by preponderance of evidence is on the plaintiff who is the party asserting the affirmative of an issue. He has the burden of presenting evidence required to obtain a favorable judgment, and he, having the burden of proof, will be defeated if no evidence were given on either side."

135Rollo, p. 21, Petition.

136 Id. at 22.

137 Id.

138 Id. at 77. Comment.

139United Coconut Planters Bank v. Looyuko, 560 Phil. 581, 591-592 (2007) [Per J. Austria-Martinez, Third Division].

140 95 Phil. 453 (1954) [Per J. Concepcion, En Banc].

141 Id. at 461.

142Rollo, p. 22, Petition.

143 236 Phil. 566 (1987) [Per J. Padilla, Second Division].

144 Id. at 573. 143 Id.

145 399 Phil. 131 (2000) [Per J. Mendoza, Second Division].

147 390 Phil. 449 (2000) [Per J. Gonzaga-Reyes, En Banc].

148People v. Vitancur, 399 Phil. 131, 133 (2000) [Per J. Mendoza, Second Division] and People v. Mendez, 390 Phil. 449, 454 (2000) [Per J. Gonzaga-Reyes, En Banc].

149Rollo, pp. 37-38, Court of Appeals Decision.

150 Id. at 36-37.

151 G.R. No. 95909, August 16, 1991,200 SCRA751 [Per J. Gancayco, First Division].

152 Id. at 755.

153Feman v. Court of Appeals, 260 Phil. 594, 598-599 (1990) [Per J. Narvasa, First Division].

154 144 Phil. 615 (1970) [Per J. Makalintal, En Banc].

155Medina v. Mayor Asistio, Jr., 269 Phil. 225, 232 (1990) [Per J. Bidin, Third Division].

156Garcia, et al. v. Court of Appeals, et al, 144 Phil. 615, 619 (1970) [Per J. Makalintal, En Banc].

157 Id. at 618-619, citing Roque v. Buan, et al., 128 Phil. 738, 746-747 (1967) [Per J. Angeles, En Banc]; Ramos, et al. v. Pepsi-Cola Bottling Co. of the Phils., et al., 125 Phil. 701, 704 (1967) [Per J. J. P. Bengzon, En Banc]; and Hilario v. The City of Manila, et al., 128 Phil. 100, 101 (1967) [Per J. J. P. Bengzon, En Banc].

158 155 Phil. 144, 151 (1974) [Per J. Makasiar, First Division].

159Sacay v. Sandiganbayan, 226 Phil. 496, 512 (1986) [Per J. Feria, En Banc] and AMA Computer College-East Rizal, et al. v. Ignacio, 608 Phil. 436,454 (2009) [Per J. Chico-Nazario, Third Division].

160 241 Phil. 930 (1988) [Per J. Cortes, En Banc].

161 Id. at 936, citing Sacay v. Sandiganbayan, 226 Phil. 496, 512 (1986) [Per J. Feria, En Banc]; Garcia, et al. v. Court of Appeals, et al., 144 Phil. 615, 619 (1970) [Per J. Makalintal, En Banc]; and Salazar v. Gutierrez, et al., 144 Phil. 233, 239 (1970) [Per J. Makalintal, En Banc].



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January-2016 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 201264, January 11, 2016 - FLORANTE VITUG, Petitioner, v. EVANGELINE A. ABUDA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 178110, January 12, 2016 - AYALA LAND, INC. AND CAPITOL CITIFARMS, INC., Petitioners, v. SIMEONA CASTILLO, LORENZO PERLAS, JESSIELYN CASTILLO, LUIS MAESA, ROLANDO BATIQUIN, AND BUKLURAN MAGSASAKA NG TIBIG, AS REPRESENTED BY THEIR ATTORNEY-IN-FACT, SIMEONA CASTILLO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209387, January 11, 2016 - ERWIN LIBO-ON DELA CRUZ, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 211140, January 12, 2016 - LORD ALLAN JAY Q. VELASCO, Petitioner, v. HON. SPEAKER FELICIANO R. BELMONTE, JR., SECRETARY GENERAL MARILYN B. BARUA-YAP AND REGINA ONGSIAKO REYES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 167333, January 11, 2016 - PEDRO LADINES, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND EDWIN DE RAMON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209921, January 13, 2016 - EMMA H. QUIRO-QUIRO, Petitioner, v. BALAGTAS CREDIT COOPERATIVE & COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, INC., Respondent.

  • A.M. NO. RTJ-16-2443 (FORMERLY OCA IPINO. 10-3521-RTJ), January 11, 2016 - ARMANDO M. BALANAY, Complainant, v. JUDGE JULIANA ADALEM WHITE, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 5, EASTERN SAMAR, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 203882, January 11, 2016 - LORELEI O. ILADAN, Petitioner, v. LA SUERTE INTERNATIONAL MANPOWER AGENCY, INC., AND DEBBIE LAO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198450, January 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FERNANDO RANCHE HAVANA A.K.A. FERNANDO RANCHE ABANA, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 197825, January 11, 2016 - CAMILO SIBAL, Petitioner, v. PEDRO BUQUEL, SANTIAGO BUQUEL, JR., ROSALINDA BUQUEL, REPRESENTED BY FRANCISCO BUQUEL, Respondents.

  • AC. No. 10912, January 19, 2016 - PAULINA T. YU, Complainant, v. ATTY. BERLIN R. DELA CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 180993, January 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPRESENTED BY THE LAND REGISTRATION AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. RAYMUNDO VIAJE, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 218536, January 26, 2016 - ROLANDO P. TOLENTINO, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS (FIRST DIVISION), ATTY. CRISTINA T. GUIAO-GARCIA, AND HENRY MANALO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 205472, January 25, 2016 - AMADO I. SARAUM, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 185746, January 20, 2016 - LUCITA TIOROSIO-ESPINOSA, Petitioner, v. HONORABLE PRESIDING JUDGE VIRGINIA HOFILEÑA-EUROPA, IN HER CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT OF DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 11, 11TH JUDICIAL REGION, DAVAO CITY, NICOLAS L. SUMAPIG, IN HIS CAPACITY AS SHERIFF IV OF THE OFFICE OF THE PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF COURT, 11TH JUDICIAL REGION, DAVAO CITY AND NECEFERO JOVERO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180434, January 20, 2016 - COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Petitioner, v. MIRANT PAGBILAO CORPORATION (NOW TEAM ENERGY CORPORATION), Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 204047, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. ALEXANDER "SANDER" BANGSOY, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 193140, January 11, 2016 - MILA GRACE PATACSIL PIOTROWSKI, REP. BY HER ATTORNEY-IN- FACT, VENUS G. PATACSIL, Petitioner, v. HON. COURT OF APPEALS AND GINA Q. DAPLIYAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205785, January 20, 2016 - HELEN B. LUKBAN, Petitioner, v. OPTIMUM DEVELOPMENT BANK, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 213215, January 11, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. RUBEN BARON, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 217948, January 12, 2016 - ALMA G. PARAISO-ABAN, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 8723 [Formerly CBD Case No. 11-2974], January 26, 2016 - GREGORY FABAY, Complainant, v. ATTY. REX A. RESUENA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 196784, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MA. FE TORRES SOLINA A.K.A. MA. FE BAYLON GALLO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 176549, January 20, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF AGRARIAN REFORM, QUEZON CITY & PABLO MENDOZA, Petitioners, v. ROMEO C. CARRIEDO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206291, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Appellee, v. ZALDY SALAHUDDIN AND THREE (3) OTHER UNIDENTIFIED COMPANIONS, Appellants.

  • G.R. Nos. 173254-55 & 173263, January 13, 2016 - DIAMOND FARMS, INC., Petitioner, v. SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES FEDERATION OF LABOR (SPFL)-WORKERS SOLIDARITY OF DARBMUPCO/DIAMOND-SPFL, DIAMOND FARMS AGRARIAN REFORM BENEFICIARIES MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE (DARBMUPCO), VOLTER LOPEZ, RUEL ROMERO, PATRICK) CAPRECHO, REY DIMACALI, ELESIO EMANEL, VICTOR SINGSON, NILDA DIMACALI, PREMITIVO* DIAZ, RUDY VISTAL, ROGER MONTERO, JOSISIMO GOMEZ AND MANUEL MOSQUERA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201310, January 11, 2016 - MARK REYNALD MARASIGAN Y DE GUZMAN, Petitioner, v. REGINALD FUENTES ALIAS "REGIE," ROBERT CALILAN ALIAS "BOBBY," AND ALAIN DELON LINDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 171722, January 11, 2016 - REMEDIOS PASCUAL, Petitioner, v. BENITO BURGOS, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 209330, January 11, 2016 - SECRETARY LEILA DE LIMA, ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR STEWART ALLAN A. MARIANO, ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR VIMAR M. BARCELLANO AND ASSISTANT STATE PROSECUTOR GERARD E. GAERLAN, Petitioners, v. MARIO JOEL T. REYES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198745, January 13, 2016 - BANCO DE ORO UNIBANK, INC. (FORMERLY BANCO DE ORO-EPCI, INC.), Petitioner, v. SUNNYSIDE HEIGHTS HOMEOWNERS ASSOCIATION, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 208986, January 13, 2016 - HIJO RESOURCES CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. EPIFANIO P. MEJARES, REMEGIO C. BALURAN, JR., DANTE SAYCON, AND CECILIO CUCHARO, REPRESENTED BY NAMABDJERA-HRC, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 201417, January 13, 2016 - ORIX METRO LEASING AND FINANCE CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. CARDLINE INC., MARY C. CALUBAD, SONY N. CALUBAD, AND NG BENG SHENG, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 208731, January 27, 2016 - PHILIPPINE AMUSEMENT AND GAMING CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. BUREAU OF INTERNAL REVENUE, COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, AND REGIONAL DIRECTOR, REVENUE REGION NO. 6, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173636, January 13, 2016 - HEIRS OF JOSE MA. GEPUELA, Petitioners, v. HERNITA MEÑEZ-ANDRES, ET AL., Respondents.; G.R. No. 173770 - HERNITA MEÑEZ-ANDRES AND NELIA MEÑEZ CAYETANO, REPRESENTED BY THEIR DULY-APPOINTED ATTORNEY-IN-FACT ANGELITO MEÑEZ, Petitioners, v. HEIRS OF JOSE MA. GEPUELA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 199440, January 18, 2016 - MARY LOU GETURBOS TORRES, Petitioner, v. CORAZON ALMA G. DE LEON, IN HER CAPACITY AS SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS AND THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONAL RED CROSS, NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198627, January 13, 2016 - DST MOVERS CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE'S GENERAL INSURANCE CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 207406, January 13, 2016 - NORBERTO A. VITANGCOL, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 191132, January 27, 2016 - APOSTOLIC VICAR OF TABUK, INC. REPRESENTED BY BISHOP PRUDENCIO ANDAYA, JR., Petitioner, v. SPOUSES ERNESTO AND ELIZABETH SISON AND VENANCIO WADAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202885, January 20, 2016 - WALLEM MARITIME SERVICES, INC., REGINALDO A. OBEN AND WALLEM SHIPMANAGEMENT, LTD., Petitioners, v. EDWINITO V. QUILLAO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 217694, January 27, 2016 - FAIRLAND KNITCRAFT CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ARTURO LOO PO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198594, January 25, 2016 - HELEN CALIMOSO, MARILYN P. CALIMOSO AND LIBY P. CALIMOSO, Petitioners, v. AXEL D. ROULLO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10910 [Formerly CBD Case No. 12-3594], January 19, 2016 - ANTERO M. SISON, JR., Complainant, v. ATTY. MANUEL N. CAMACHO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 167615, January 11, 2016 - SPOUSES ALEXANDER AND JULIE LAM, DOING BUSINESS UNDER THE NAME AND STYLE "COLORKWIK LABORATORIES" AND "COLORKWIK PHOTO SUPPLY", Petitioners, v. KODAK PHILIPPINES, LTD., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206147, January 13, 2016 - MICHAEL C. GUY, Petitioner, v. ATTY. GLENN C. GACOTT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206584, January 11, 2016 - MAE FLOR GALIDO, Petitioner, v. NELSON P. MAGRARE, EVANGELINE M. PALCAT, RODOLFO BAYOMBONG, AND REGISTER OF DEEDS OF ANTIQUE, SAN JOSE, ANTIQUE, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214490, January 13, 2016 - HOWARD LESCANO Y CARREON @ "TISOY", Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.M. No. CA-15-31-P (formerly OCA I.P.I. No. 13-218-CA-P), January 12, 2016 - COMMITTEE ON SECURITY AND SAFETY, COURT OF APPEALS, Complainant, v. REYNALDO V. DIANCO - CHIEF SECURITY, JOVEN O. SORIANOSOS - SECURITY GUARD 3, AND ABELARDO P. CATBAGAN - SECURITY GUARD 3, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198172, January 25, 2016 - REGULUS DEVELOPMENT, INC., Petitioner, v. ANTONIO DELA CRUZ, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195477, January 15, 2016 - SPOUSES HERMINIO E. ERORITA AND EDITHA C. ERORITA, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES LIGAYA DUMLAO AND ANTONIO DUMLAO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 191018, January 25, 2016 - CARLOS BORROMEO, Petitioner, v. FAMILY CARE HOSPITAL, INC. AND RAMON S. INSO, M.D., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 202426, January 27, 2016 GINA ENDAYA, Petitioner, v. ERNESTO V. VILLAOS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201595, January 25, 2016 - ALLAN M. MENDOZA, Petitioner, v. OFFICERS OF MANILA WATER EMPLOYEES UNION (MWEU), NAMELY, EDUARDO B. BORELA, BUENAVENTURA QUEBRAL, ELIZABETH COMETA, ALEJANDRO TORRES, AMORSOLO TIERRA, SOLEDAD YEBAN, LUIS RENDON, VIRGINIA APILADO, TERESITA BOLO, ROGELIO BARBERO, JOSE CASAÑAS, ALFREDO MAGA, EMILIO FERNANDEZ, ROSITA BUENAVENTURA, ALMENIO CANCINO, ADELA IMANA, MARIO MANCENIDO, WILFREDO MANDILAG, ROLANDO MANLAPAZ, EFREN MONTEMAYOR, NELSON PAGULAYAN, CARLOS VILLA, RIC BRIONES,AND CHITO BERNARDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 169507, January 11, 2016 - AIR CANADA, Petitioner, v. COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194964-65, January 11, 2016 - UNIVERSITY OF MINDANAO, INC., Petitioner, v. BANGKO SENTRAL PILIPINAS, ET AL., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 168078, January 13, 2016 - FABIO CAHAYAG AND CONRADO RIVERA, Petitioners, v. COMMERCIAL CREDIT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, LEONARDO B. ALEJANDRO; TERESITA T. QUA, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND ALFONSO MA. QUA; AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LAS PINAS, METRO MANILA, DISTRICT IV, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 168357 - DULOS REALTY & DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, JUANITO C. DULOS; AND MILAGROS E. ESCALONA, AND ILUMINADA D. BALDOZA, Petitioners, v. COMMERCIAL CREDIT CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, LEONARDO B. ALEJANDRO; TERESITA T. QUA, ASSISTED BY HER HUSBAND ALFONSO MA. QUA; AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF LAS PINAS, METRO MANILA, DISTRICT IV, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212623, January 11, 2016 - ENRIQUE G. DE LEON, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES AND SPO3 PEDRITO L. LEONARDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 219603, January 26, 2016 - MARY ELIZABETH TY-DELGADO, Petitioner, v. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL AND PHILIP ARREZA PICHAY, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 215847, January 12, 2016 - GOV. EXEQUIEL B. JAVIER, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS, CORNELIO P. ALDON, AND RAYMUNDO T. ROQUERO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 186635, January 27, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner,; UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, Oppositor, v. SEGUNDINA ROSARIO, JOINED BY ZUELLGATE CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 212426, January 12, 2016 - RENE A.V. SAGUISAG, WIGBERTO E. TAÑADA, FRANCISCO "DODONG" NEMENZO, JR., SR. MARY JOHN MANANZAN, PACIFICO A. AGABIN, ESTEBAN "STEVE" SALONGA, H. HARRY L. ROQUE, JR., EVALYN G. URSUA, EDRE U. OLALIA, DR. CAROL PAGADUAN-ARAULLO, DR. ROLAND SIMBULAN, AND TEDDY CASINO, Petitioners, v. EXECUTIVE PAQUITO N. DEPARTMENT DEFENSE VOLTAIRE DEPARTMENT SECRETARY OCHOA, JR., OF NATIONAL SECRETARY GAZMIN, OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, JR., DEPARTMENT OF BUDGET AND MANAGEMENT SECRETARY FLORENCIO ABAD, AND ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, Respondents.; G.R. No. 212444 - BAGONG ALYANSANG MAKABAYAN (BAYAN), REPRESENTED BY ITS SECRETARY GENERAL RENATO M. REYES, JR., BAYAN MUNA PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES NERI J. COLMENARES AND CARLOS ZARATE, GABRIELA WOMEN'S PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVES LUZ ILAGAN AND EMERENCIANA DE JESUS, ACT TEACHERS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE ANTONIO L. TINIO, ANAKPAWIS PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE FERNANDO HICAP, KABATAAN PARTY-LIST REPRESENTATIVE TERRY RIDON, MAKABAYANG KOALISYON NG MAMAMAYAN (MAKABAYAN), REPRESENTED BY SATURNINO OCAMPO AND LIZA MAZA, BIENVENIDO LUMBERA, JOEL C. LAMANGAN, RAFAEL MARIANO, SALVADOR FRANCE, ROGELIO M. SOLUTA, AND CLEMENTE G. BAUTISTA, Petitioners, v. DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL DEFENSE (DND) SECRETARY VOLTAIRE GAZMIN, DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS SECRETARY ALBERT DEL ROSARIO, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY PAQUITO N. OCHOA, JR., ARMED FORCES OF THE PHILIPPINES CHIEF OF STAFF GENERAL EMMANUEL T. BAUTISTA, DEFENSE UNDERSECRETARY PIO LORENZO BATINO, AMBASSADOR LOURDES YPARRAGUIRRE, AMBASSADOR J. EDUARDO MALAYA, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE UNDERSECRETARY FRANCISCO BARAAN III, AND DND ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR STRATEGIC ASSESSMENTS RAYMUND JOSE QUILOP AS CHAIRPERSON AND MEMBERS, RESPECTIVELY, OF THE NEGOTIATING PANEL FOR THE PHILIPPINES ON EDCA, Respondents.; KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS CHAIRPERSON, ELMER LABOG, CONFEDERATION FOR UNITY, RECOGNITION AND ADVANCEMENT OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES (COURAGE), REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT FERDINAND GAITE, NATIONAL FEDERATION OF LABOR UNIONS-KILUSANG MAYO UNO, REPRESENTED BY ITS NATIONAL PRESIDENT JOSELITO USTAREZ, NENITA GONZAGA, VIOLETA ESPIRITU, VIRGINIA FLORES, AND ARMANDO TEODORO, JR., Petitioners-in-Intervention; RENE A.Q. SAGUISAG, JR., Petitioners-in-Intervention.

  • G.R. No. 191033, January 11, 2016 - THE ORCHARD GOLF & COUNTRY CLUB, INC., EXEQUIEL D. ROBLES, CARLO R.H. MAGNO, CONRADO L. BENITEZ II, VICENTE R. SANTOS, HENRY CUA LOPING, MARIZA SANTOS-TAN, TOMAS B. CLEMENTE III, AND FRANCIS C. MONTALLANA, Petitioners, v. ERNESTO V. YU AND MANUEL C. YUHICO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174673, January 11, 2016 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. FE ROA GIMENEZ AND IGNACIO B. GIMENEZ, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211737, January 13, 2016 - SERGIO R. OSMEÑA III, Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS SECRETARY JOSEPH EMILIOI A. ABAYA, MACTAN-CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY (MCIAA), THE PRE-QUALIFICATION, BIDS AND AWARDS COMMITTEE (PBAC) FOR THE MACTAN-CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PROJECT THROUGH ITS CHAIRMAN, UNDERSECRETARY JOSE PERPETUO M. LOTILLA, GMR INFRASTRUCTURE, LTD. AND MEGAWIDE CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 214756 - BUSINESS FOR PROGRESS MOVEMENT AS REPRESENTED BY MEDARDO C. DEACOSTA, JR., Petitioner, v. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS, GMR-MEGAWIDE CEBU AIRPORT CORPORATION, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 173137, January 11, 2016 - BASES CONVERSION DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. DMCI PROJECT DEVELOPERS, INC., Respondent.; G.R. NO. 173170 - NORTH LUZON RAILWAYS CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. DMCI PROJECT DEVELOPERS, INC. Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 201614, January 12, 2016 - SHERYL M. MENDEZ, Petitioner, v. SHARI'A DISTRICT COURT, 5th SHARI'A DISTRICT, COTABATO CITY, RASAD G. BALINDONG (ACTING PRESIDING JUDGE); 1st SHARI'A CIRCUIT COURT, 5th SHARI'A DISTRICT, COTABATO CITY, MONTANO K. KALIMPO (PRESIDING JUDGE); AND DR. JOHN O. MALIGA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174471, January 12, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. JERRY PEPINO Y RUERAS AND PRECIOSA GOMEZ Y CAMPOS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 197970, January 25, 2016 - METROPOLITAN BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, Petitioner, v. FADCOR, INC. OR THE FLORENCIO CORPORATION, LETICIA D. FLORENCIO, RACHEL FLORENCIO-AGUSTIN, MA. MERCEDES FLORENCIO AND ROSENDO CESAR FLORENCIO, JR., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 214241, January 13, 2016 - SPOUSES RAMON AND LIGAYA GONZALES, Petitioners, v. MARMAINE REALTY CORPORATION, REPRESENTED BY MARIANO MANALO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 194962, January 27, 2016 - CAGAYAN ECONOMIC ZONE AUTHORITY, Petitioner, v. MERIDIEN VISTA GAMING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 173140, January 11, 2016 - MACTAN CEBU INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY [MCIAA], Petitioner, v. HEIRS OF GAVINA IJORDAN, NAMELY, JULIAN CUISON, FRANCISCA CUISON, DAMASTNA CUISON, PASTOR CUISON, ANGELINA CUISON, MANSUETO CUISON, BONIFACIA CUISON, BASILIO CUISON, MOISES CUISON, AND FLORENCIO CUISON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 171303, January 20, 2016 - ELIZABETH L. DIAZ, Petitioner, v. GEORGINA R. ENCANTO, ERNESTO G. TABUJARA, GEMINO H. ABAD AND UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 165223, January 11, 2016 - WINSTON F. GARCIA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER OF THE GOVERNMENT SERVICE INSURANCE SYSTEM (GSIS), Petitioner, v. MARIO I. MOLINA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 205639, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPRNES, Appellee, v. ANITA MIRANBA Y BELTRAN, Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 203642, January 18, 2016 - THOMASITES CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (TCIS), Petitioner, v. RUTH N. RODRIGUEZ, IRENE P. PADRIGON AND ARLYN B. RILLERA, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213863, January 27, 2016 - LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Petitioner, v. EDGARDO L. SANTOS, REPRESENTED BY HIS ASSIGNEE, ROMEO L. SANTOS, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 214021 - EDGARDO L. SANTOS, REPRESENTED BY HIS ASSIGNEE, ROMEO L. SANTOS, Petitioner, v. LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 195666, January 20, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. FE ABELLA Y BUHAIN, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 172919, January 13, 2016 - TIMOTEO BACALSO AND DIOSDADA BACALSO, Petitioners, v. GREGORIA B. ACA-AC, EUTIQUIA B. AGUILA, JULIAN BACUS AND EVELYN SYCHANGCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 198140, January 25, 2016 - IA1 ERWIN L. MAGCAMIT, Petitioner, v. INTERNAL AFFAIRS SERVICE -PHILIPPINE DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY, AS REPRESENTED BY SI V ROMEO M. ENRIQUEZ AND DIRECTOR GENERAL DIONISIO R. SANTIAGO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213607, January 25, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. GLEN PIAD Y BORI, RENATO VILLAROSA Y PLATINO AND NILO DAVIS Y ARTIGA, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 207970, January 20, 2016 - FERNANDO MEDICAL ENTERPRISES, INC., Petitioner, v. WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY PHILIPPINES, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 206224, January 18, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. JUAN ASISLO Y MATIO, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 215995, January 19, 2016 - VICE-MAYOR MARCELINA S. ENGLE, Petitioner, v. COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS EN BANC AND WINSTON B. MENZON, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174909, January 20, 2016 - MARCELINO M. FLORETE, JR., MARIA ELENA F. MUYCO AND RAUL A. MUYCO, Petitioners, v. ROGELIO M. FLORETE, IMELDA C. FLORETE, DIAMEL CORPORATION, ROGELIO C. FLORETE JR., AND MARGARET RUTH C. FLORETE, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 177275 - ROGELIO M. FLORETE SR., Petitioner, v. MARCELINO M. FLORETE, JR., MARIA ELENA F. MUYCO AND RAUL A. MUYCO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 213472, January 26, 2016 - ZAMBOANGA CITY WATER DISTRICT, REPRESENTED BY ITS GENERAL MANAGER, LEONARDO REY D. VASQUEZ, ZAMBOANGA CITY WATER DISTRICT-EMPLOYEES UNION, REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, NOEL A. FABIAN, LOPE IRINGAN, ALEJO S. ROJAS, JR., EDWIN N. MAKASIAR, RODOLFO CARTAGENA, ROBERTO R. MENDOZA, GREGORIO R. MOLINA, ARNULFO A. ALFONSO, LUCENA R. BUSCAS, LUIS A. WEE, LEILA M. MONTEJO, FELECITA G. REBOLLOS, ERIC A. DELGADO, NORMA L. VILLAFRANCA, ABNER C. PADUA, SATURNINO M. ALVIAR, FELIPE S. SALCEDO, JULIUS P. CARPITANOS, HANLEY ALBANA, JOHNY D. DEMAYO, ARCHILES A. BRAULIO, ELIZA MAY R. BRAULIO, TEDILITO R. SARMIENTO, SUSANA C. BONGHANOY, LUZ A. BIADO, ERIC V. SALARITAN, RYAN ED C. ESTRADA, NOEL MASA KAWAGUCHI, TEOTIMO REYES, JR., EUGENE DOMINGO, AND ALEX ACOSTA, REPRESENTED BY LUIS A. WEE, Petitioners, v. COMMISSION ON AUDIT, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198889, January 20, 2016 - UFC PHILIPPINES, INC. (NOW MERGED WITH NUTRI-ASIA, INC., WITH NUTRI-ASIA, INC. AS THE SURVIVING ENTITY), Petitioner, v. FIESTA BARRIO MANUFACTURING CORPORATION, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192914, January 28, 2016 - NAPOLEON D. SENIT, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10952, January 26, 2016 - ENGEL PAUL ACA, Complainant, v. ATTY. RONALDO P. SALVADO, Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10859 [Formerly CBD Case No. 09-2514], January 26, 2016 - MARIA FATIMA JAPITANA, Complainant, v. ATTY. SYLVESTER C. PARADO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 192268, January 27, 2016 - DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, REPRESENTED BY ITS REGIONAL DIRECTOR, Petitioner, v. DELFINA C. CASIBANG, ANGELINA C. CANAPI, ERLINDA C. BAJAN, LORNA G. GUMABAY, DION1SIA C. ALONZO, MARIA C. BANGAYAN AND DIGNA C. BINAYUG, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180559, January 20, 2016 - ANECITA GREGORIO, Petitioner, v. MARIA CRISOLOGO VDA. DE CULIG, THRU HER ATTORN EY-IN-FACT ALFREDO CULIG, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 198752, January 13, 2016 - ARTURO C. ALBA, JR., DULY REPRESENTED BY HIS ATTORNEYS-IN-FACT, ARNULFO B. ALBA AND ALEXANDER C. ALBA, Petitioner, v. RAYMUND D. MALAPAJO, RAMIL D. MALAPAJO AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS FOR THE CITY OF ROXAS, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 196140, January 27, 2016 - NATIONAL POWER CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. ELIZABETH MANALASTAS AND BEA CASTILLO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 216920, January 13, 2016 - GIRLIE M. QUISAY, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 210454, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff and Appellee, v. RONALDO CASACOP Y AMIL, Accused-Appellant.

  • G.R. No. 187691, January 13, 2016 - OLYMPIA HOUSING, INC., Petitioner, v. ALLAN LAPASTORA AND IRENE UBALUBAO, Respondents.

  • A.M. No. P-15-3344, January 13, 2016 - ANTONIO A. FERNANDEZ, Complainant, v. MILA A. ALERTA, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 214092, January 11, 2016 - ECHO 2000 COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, EDWARD N. ENRIQUEZ, LEONORA K. BENEDICTO AND ATTY. GINA WENCESLAO, Petitioners, v. OBRERO FILIPINO-ECHO 2000 CHAPTER-CLO, ARLO C. CORTES AND DAVE SOMIDO, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 197665, January 13, 2016 - P/S INSP. SAMSON B. BELMONTE, SPO1 FERMO R. GALLARDE, PO3 LLOYD F. SORIA, PO1 HOMER D. GENEROSO, PO1 SERGS DC. MACEREN, PO3 AVELINO L. GRAVADOR, PO2 FIDEL O. GUEREJERO, AND PO1 JEROME T. NOCHEFRANCA, JR., Petitioner, v. OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN FOR THE MILITARY AND OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICES, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 188213, January 11, 2016 - NATIVIDAD C. CRUZ AND BENJAMIN DELA CRUZ, Petitioners, v. PANDACAN HIKER'S CLUB, INC., REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT, PRISCILAILAO, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 170004, January 13, 2016 - ILONA HAPITAN, Petitioner, v. SPOUSES JIMMY LAGRADILLA AND WARLILY LAGRADILLA AND ESMERALDA BLACER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 174113, January 13, 2016 - PAZ CHENG Y CHU, Petitioner, v. PEOPLE OF PHILIPPINES, THE Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 176986, January 13, 2016 - NISSAN CAR LEASE PHILS., INC., Petitioner, v. LICA MANAGEMENT, INC. AND PROTON PILIPINAS, INC., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 178501, January 11, 2016 - NILO S. RODRIGUEZ, FRANCISCO T. ALISANGCO, BENJAMIN T. ANG, VICENTE P. ANG, SILVESTRE D. ARROYO, RUDERICO C. BAQUIRAN, WILFREDO S. CRUZ, EDMUNDO M. DELOS REYES, JR., VIRGILIO V. ECARMA, ISMAEL F. GALISIM, TITO F. GARCIA, LIBERATO D. GUTIZA, GLADYS L. JADIE, LUISITO M. JOSE, PATERNO C. LABUGA, JR. NOEL Y. LASTIMOSO, DANILO C. MATIAS, BEN T. MATURAN, VIRGILIO N. OCHARAN, GABRIEL P. PIAMONTE, JR., ARTURO A. SABADO, MANUEL P. SANCHEZ, MARGOT A. CORPUS AS THE SURVIVING SPOUSE OF THE DECEASED ARNOLD S. CORPUS, AND ESTHER VICTORIA A. ALCAÑESES AS THE SURVIVING SPOUSE OF THE DECEASED EFREN S. ALCAÑESES, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., AND NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 178510 - PHILIPPINE AIRLINES, INC., Petitioner, v. NILO S. RODRIGUEZ, FRANCISCO T. ALISANGCO, BENJAMIN T. ANG, VICENTE P. ANG, SILVESTRE D. ARROYO, RUDERICO C. BAQUIRAN, ARNOLD S. CORPUS, WILFREDO S. CRUZ, EDMUNDO M. DELOS REYES, JR., VIRGILIO V. ECARMA, ISMAEL F. GALISIM, TITO F. GARCIA, LIBERATO D. GUTIZA, GLADYS L. JADIE, LUISITO M. JOSE, PATERNO C. LABUGA, JR., NOEL Y. LASTIMOSO, DANILO C. MATIAS, BEN T. MATURAN, VIRGILIO N. OCHARAN, GABRIEL M. PIAMONTE, JR., RODOLFO O. POE, JR., ARTURO A. SABADO, MANUEL P. SANCHEZ, and ESTHER VICTORIA A. ALCAÑESES, AS THE SOLE HEIR OF THE DECEASED EFREN S. ALCAÑESES, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 190798, January 27, 2016 - RONALD IBAÑEZ, EMILIO IBAÑEZ, AND DANIEL "BOBOT" IBAÑEZ, Petitioners, v. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 198916-17, January 11, 2016 - MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Petitioner, v. ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. NOS. 198920-21 - ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • G.R. Nos. 198916-17, January 11, 2016 - MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Petitioner, v. ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Respondent.; G.R. NOS. 198920-21 - ST. FRANCIS SQUARE REALTY CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. MALAYAN INSURANCE COMPANY, INC., Respondent.

  • A.C. No. 10868 [Formerly CBD Case No. 07-2041], January 26, 2016 - CHERYL E. VASCO-TAMARAY, Complainant, v. ATTY. DEBORAH Z. DAQUIS, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 212070, January 20, 2016 - CEBU PEOPLE'S MULTI­PURPOSE COOPERATIVE AND MACARIO G. QUEVEDO, Petitioners, v. NICERATO E. CARBONILLA, JR., Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 160408, January 11, 2016 - SPOUSES ROBERTO AND ADELAIDA PEN, Petitioners, v. SPOUSES SANTOS AND LINDA JULIAN, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 180235, January 20, 2016 - ALTA VISTA GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, Petitioner, v. THE CITY OF CEBU, HON. MAYOR TOMAS R. OSMEÑA, IN HIS CAPACITY AS MAYOR OF CEBU, AND TERESITA C. CAMARILLO, IN HER CAPACITY AS THE CITY TREASURER, Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 177680, January 13, 2016 - JENNIFER C. LAGAHIT, Petitioner, v. PACIFIC CONCORD CONTAINER LINES/MONETTE CUENCA (BRANCH MANAGER), Respondents.

  • A.C. No. 10753 (Formerly CBD Case No. 10-2703), January 26, 2016 - ATTY. PABLO B. FRANCISCO, Complainant, v. ATTY. ROMEO M. FLORES, Respondent.

  • G.R. No. 156635, January 11, 2016 - THE HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION EMPLOYEES UNION, MA. DALISAY P. DELA CHICA, MARVILON B. MILITANTE, DAVID Z. ATANACIO, JR., CARMINA C. RIVERA, MARIO T. FERMIN(T), ISABELO E. MOLO, RUSSEL M. PALMA, IMELDA G. HERNANDEZ, VICENTE M. LLACUNA, JOSEFINA A. ORTIGUERRO, MA. ASUNCION G. KIMSENG, MIGUEL R. SISON, RAUL P. GERONIMO, MARILOU E. CADENA, ANA N. TAMONTE, AVELINO Q. RELUCIO, JORALYN R. GONGORA, CORAZON E. ALBOS, ANABELLA J. GONZALES, MA. CORAZON Q. BALTAZAR, MARIA LUZ I. JIMENEZ, ELVIRA A. ORLINA, SAMUEL B. ELLARMA, ROSARIO A. FLORES, EDITHA L. BROQUEZA, REBECCA T. FAJARDO, MA. VICTORIA C. LUNA, MA. THERESA G. GALANG, BENIGNO V. AMION, GERARDO J. DE LEON, ROWENA T. OCAMPO, MALOU P. DIZON, RUBEN DE C. ATIENZA, MELO E. GABA, HERNAN B. CAMPOSANTO, NELIA D. M. DERIADA, LOLITO L. HILIS, GRACE C. MABUNAY, FE ESPERANZA C. GERONG, MANUEL E. HERRERA, JOSELITO J. GONZAGA, ULDARTCO D. PEDIDA, ROSALINA JULIET B. LOQUELLANO, MARCIAL F. GONZAGA, MERCEDES R. PAULE, JOSE TEODORO A. MOTUS, BLANCHE D. MOTUS, DAISY M. FAGUTAO, ANTONIO A. DEL ROSARIO, EMMANUEL JUSTIN S. GREY, FRANCISCA DEL MUNDO, JULIETA A. CRUZ, RODRIGO J. DURANO, CATALINA R. YEE, MENANDRO CALIGAGAN, MAIDA M. SACRO MILITANTE, LEONILA M. PEREZ, AND EMMA MATEO, Petitioners, v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS COMMISSION AND THE HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORPORATION, LTD., Respondents.

  • G.R. No. 211062, January 13, 2016 - PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. MANUEL MACAL Y BOLASCO, Accused-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 158622, January 27, 2016 - SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN L. AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK AND THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF DAVAO CITY, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 169441 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LIMSO, Petitioners, v. HON. JESUS V. QUITAIN, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 15 AND PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 172958 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REPRESENTED BY ITS PRESIDENT ROBERT ALAN L. LIMSO, AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. HON. JESUS V. QUITAIN, IN HIS CAPACITY AS PRESIDING JUDGE OF REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, DAVAO CITY, BRANCH 15 AND PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 173194 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN LIMSO AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Respondents.; G.R. NO. 196958 - PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Petitioner, v. DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN L. LIMSO AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 197120 - DAVAO SUNRISE INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SPOUSES ROBERT ALAN AND NANCY LEE LIMSO, Petitioners, v. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, Respondent.; G.R. NO. 205463 - IN THE MATTER OF THE PETITION EX-PARTE FOR THE ISSUANCE OF THE WRIT OF POSSESSION UNDER LRC RECORD NO. 12973, 18031 AND LRC RECORD NO. 317, PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK,