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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
September-1939 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 46562 September 13, 1939 - BARDWIL BROS. v. PHIL. LABOR UNION

    068 Phil 436

  • G.R. No. 46673 September 13, 1939 - ANDRES P. GOSECO v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 444

  • G.R. No. 45596 September 18, 1939 - MARCOS LIPANA v. DOMlNGO LAO Y OTROS

    068 Phil 451

  • G.R. No. 46412 September 18, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MANOJI

    068 Phil 471

  • G.R. No. 46497 September 18, 1939 - ANTONIO S. SANAGUSTIN v. CONRADO BARRIOS

    068 Phil 475

  • G.R. No. 46170 September 20, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERMIN PUNTO

    068 Phil 481

  • G.R. No. 46780 September 20, 1939 - FISCAL OF CAMARINES NORTE v. JUDGE OF FIRST INSTANCE OF CAMARINES NORTE

    068 Phil 483

  • G.R. No. 46108 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DATU GALANTU MEDTED

    068 Phil 485

  • G.R. No. 46109 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NICOLAS CARPIO

    068 Phil 490

  • G.R. No. 46197 September 22, 1939 - KINKWA MERIYASU CO. v. COLLECTOR OF CUSTOMS

    068 Phil 501

  • G.R. No. 46302 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TORIBIO C. COSTES

    068 Phil 503

  • G.R. No. 46578 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANICETO MARQUEZ

    068 Phil 506

  • G.R. No. 46580 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO DE GUZMAN

    068 Phil 508

  • G.R. No. 46602 September 22, 1939 - YAP TAK WING & CO. v. MUNICIPAL BOARD

    068 Phil 511

  • G.R. No. 46686 September 22, 1939 - TRANQUILINO RUBIS v. PHILIPPINE CHARITY SWEEPSTAKES

    068 Phil 515

  • G.R. No. 46715 September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EMILIO DE JESUS

    068 Phil 517

  • G.R. No. 46068 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EUSTAQUIO CAROZ

    068 Phil 521

  • G.R. No. 46650 September 23, 1939 - MARIO BENGZON v. AUDITOR GENERAL

    068 Phil 527

  • G.R. No. 46652 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. CASIMIRO CONCEPCION

    068 Phil 530

  • G.R. Nos. 46802-46812 September 23, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RESURRECCION B. PEÑAS

    068 Phil 533

  • G.R. No. 46739 September 23, 1939 - PAMPANGA BUS CO., INC. v. PAMBUSCO EMPLOYEES UNION

    068 Phil 541

  • G.R. No. 46668 September 26, 1939 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. PAMPANGA SUGAR MILLS

    068 Phil 547

  • G.R. No. 46729 September 25, 1939 - KAPISANAN NG MGA MANGAGAWA SA PANTRANCO v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 552

  • Adm. Case No. 879 September 27, 1939 - PEDRO DE GUZMAN v. TOMAS B. TADEO

    068 Phil 554

  • G.R. No. 46080 September 27, 1939 - GUILLERMO A. CU UNJIENG v. HONGKONG & SHANGHAI BANKING CORP.

    068 Phil 559

  • G.R. No. 46094 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FERNANDO C. QUEBRAL

    068 Phil 564

  • G.R. No. 46237 September 27, 1939 - ROSALIO MARQUEZ v. BERNARDO CASTILLO

    068 Phil 568

  • G.R. No. 46350 September 27, 1939 - TAN CHAY v. GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 572

  • G.R. No. 46470 September 27, 1939 - JUAN CASTILLO v. DIRECTOR OF LANDS

    068 Phil 577

  • G.R. No. 46539 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. VALENTIN DOQUEÑA

    068 Phil 580

  • G.R. Nos. 46553-46555 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEON FABILLAR

    068 Phil 584

  • G.R. No. 46615 September 27, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALBERTO AQUINO

    068 Phil 588

  • G.R. No. 46727 September 27, 1939 - PAMBUSCO EMPLOYEES’ UNION v. COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

    068 Phil 591

  • G.R. No. 46168 September 29, 1939 - INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER CO. OF THE PHIL. v. DELFIN MAHINAY

    068 Phil 597

  • G.R. No. 46336 September 29, 1939 - REVEREND ULRIC ARCAND v. PEOPLE OF THE PHIL.

    068 Phil 601

  • G.R. No. 46458 September 29, 1939 - ERLANGER & GALINGER v. HERMENEGILDO G. ALAGAR

    068 Phil 610

  • G.R. No. 46725 September 29, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MAXIMINO AQUINO

    068 Phil 615

  • G.R. No. 46023 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JESUS FLORENDO

    068 Phil 619

  • G.R. No. 46252 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LEONOR DE MOLL

    068 Phil 626

  • G.R. No. 46298 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DATU AMBIS

    068 Phil 635

  • G.R. No. 46390 September 30, 1939 - CASIMIRO TIANGCO v. PROCESO FRANCISCO

    068 Phil 639

  • G.R. No. 46396 September 30, 1939 - ALEJANDRO DE GUZMAN v. VISAYAN RAPID TRANSIT CO.

    068 Phil 643

  • G.R. No. 46451 September 30, 1939 - PAZ CHUA v. SECRETARY OF LABOR

    068 Phil 649

  • G.R. No. 46484 September 30, 1939 - SANTIAGO SAMBRANO v. RED LINE TRANSPORTATION CO., INC.

    068 Phil 652

  • G.R. No. 46724 September 30, 1939 - CRESCENCIO REYNES v. ROSALINA BARRERA

    068 Phil 656

  • G.R. No. 46728 September 30, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. EDUARDO MONTENEGRO

    068 Phil 659

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. 46578   September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANICETO MARQUEZ<br /><br />068 Phil 506

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    FIRST DIVISION

    [G.R. No. 46578. September 22, 1939.]

    THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. ANICETO MARQUEZ, Defendant-Appellee.

    Solicitor-General Ozaeta, for Appellant.

    Alfredo S. Pedrosa for Appellee.

    SYLLABUS


    CRIMINAL LAW AND PROCEDURE; SERIOUS SLANDER BY DEEDS; COMPLAINT FILED BY CHIEF OF POLICE INSTEAD OF BY OFFENDED PARTY; JURISDICTION. — Counsel for the defendant interposed demurrer to the information on the ground that the court had no jurisdiction over the subject matter of the action, because the complaint which initiated the proceedings was filed by the chief of police and not by the offended party. The jurisdictional challenge of the defendant is evidently based on article 360, paragraph 4 of the Revised Penal Code which provides that "no criminal action for defamation which consists in the imputation of a crime which cannot be prosecuted de oficio shall be brought except at the instance of and upon complaint expressly filed by the offended party." This article of the Revised Penal code, however, refers to defamation "which consists in the imputation of a crime which cannot be prosecuted de oficio." Such crimes are adultery, concubinage, seduction, abduction, rape, and acts of lasciviosness. (Art 344, Revised Penal Code.) The offense charged in the instant case is the crime of injurias graves con lesiones under article 359 of the Revised Penal Code. Courts are bound to follow the plain words of the statute as to which there is no room for construction. (Tañada v. Yulo, 61 Phil., 515.)


    D E C I S I O N


    LAUREL, J.:


    On March 11, 1937, the chief of police of the municipality of Barbaza, Province of Antique, filed an amended complaint charging Aniceto Marquez with the crime of serious slander by deeds.

    A preliminary investigation was conducted by the justice of the peace of Barbaza who later forwarded the papers to the Court of First Instance, where the provincial fiscal filed the following information:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "El que suscribe acusa a Anicieto Marquez del delito de injurias grave con lesiones, cometido de la manera siguente"

    "Que en o hacia el 10 de marzo de 1937, en el Municipio de Barbaza, Provinciaa de Antique, commonwealth de Filipinas, y dentro de la jurisdiccion de este Juzgado, el referido acusado, con el evidente proposito de exponer al ridiculo y a la verguenza publicos a Presentacion Ellega, una joven maestra de la escuela parroquial del Municipio de Barbaza, voluntaria, ilegal y criminalmente y en un sitio publico, dirigio a dicha Presentacion Ellega palabras injoriones e insultantes, llamandola ’bigatot,’ ’patotot’ (prostituta) y otras palabras y frases similares y el el acto la dio dos bofetadas en las caras izquierda y derecha, haciendola caer y tumbarse en la calle y causando en su cara lesiones que necesitaron asistencia media y tardaron 3 dias en curarse, en deshonra, descredito y menosprecio de dicha Presentacion Ellega.

    "Con infraccion de la ley."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Counsel for the defendant interposed a demurrer to this information on the ground that the court had no jurisdiction over the subject matter of the action, because the complaint which initiated the proceedings was filed by the chief of police and not by the offended party. The trial judge sustained the objection and dismissed the case. Hence, this appeal.

    The jurisdictional challenge of the defendant is evidently based on article 360, paragraph 4 of the Revised Penal code which provides that "no criminal action for defamation which consists in the imputation of a crime which cannot be prosecuted de oficio shall be brought except at the instance of and upon complaint expressly filed by the offended party." This article of the Revised Penal Code, however, refers to defamation "which consists in the imputation of a crime which cannot be prosecuted de oficio" Such crimes are adultery, concubinage, seduction, abduction, rape and acts of lasciviousness. (Art. 344, Revised Penal Code.) The offense charged in the instant case is the crime of injurias graves con lesiones under article 359 of the Revised Penal code. Courts are bound to follow the plain words of the statute as to which there is no room for construction. (Tañada v. Yulo, 61 Phil., 515.)

    In accordance with the recommendation of the Solicitor-General, the order appealed from is reversed, and the case is remanded to the lower court for further proceedings in accordance with law, with costs against the appellee. So ordered.

    Avanceña, C.J., Villa-Real, Imperial, Diaz, Concepcion, and Moran, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 46578   September 22, 1939 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ANICETO MARQUEZ<br /><br />068 Phil 506


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