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Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
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March-1941 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. 47054 March 10, 1941 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. DIONISIO HERNANDEZ, ET AL.

    071 Phil 283

  • G.R. No. 47776 March 11, 1941 - DY PAC AND COMPANY v. KATIPUNAN NG MGA MANGGAGAWA SA KAHOY SA FILIPINAS, ET AL.

    071 Phil 285

  • G.R. No. 48054 March 11, 1941 - BENEDICTO AUSTRIA, ET AL. v. SOLICITOR GENERAL, ET AL.

    071 Phil 288

  • G.R. No. 47661 March 12, 1941 - BOHOL LAND TRANSPORTATION CO. v. BLT EMPLOYEES LABOR UNION

    071 Phil 291

  • G.R. No. 47430 March 13, 1941 - MACONDRAY & CO. v. ISABELA ABLAZA, ET AL.

    071 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. 47477 March 13, 1941 - TIMOTEA SAMBAAN v. GREGORIA VILLANUEVA

    071 Phil 303

  • G.R. No. 47772 March 13, 1941 - MONICO A. DIA v. FINANCE & MINING INVESTMENTS CORPORATION

    071 Phil 309

  • G.R. No. 47822 March 13, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FRANCISCO BIHAG

    071 Phil 313

  • G.R. No. 47870 March 13, 1941 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. ENRIQUE ECHAUS, ET AL.

    071 Phil 318

  • G.R. No. 47337 March 14, 1941 - ANDRES SOLER v. JOSE FUENTEBELLA, ET AL.

    071 Phil 322

  • G.R. No. 47467 March 14, 1941 - OSAKA BOEIKI KAISHA, INC. v. LEONARDO GUISON, ET AL.

    071 Phil 328

  • G.R. No. 47682 March 14, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. CONCEPCION PAGAYON

    071 Phil 337

  • G.R. No. 47714 March 14, 1941 - LOURDES RIVERO DE ORTEGA v. FELIPE NATIVIDAD

    071 Phil 340

  • G.R. No. 47774 March 14, 1941 - MAGDALENA ESTATE, INC. v. LOUIS J. MYRICK

    071 Phil 344

  • G.R. No. 47815 March 14, 1941 - FLORENTINO CRUZ v. EL PUEBLO DE FELIPINAS

    071 Phil 350

  • G.R. No. 47832 March 14, 1941 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. JESUS DE LA CRUZ

    071 Phil 353

  • G.R. No. 47963 March 14, 1941 - HIJOS DE F. ESCANO v. JOAQUIN LAO GOO

    071 Phil 355

  • G.R. No. 47401 March 15, 1941 - CENTRAL REPUBLIC BANK & TRUST CO. v. P. L. BUSTAMANTE

    071 Phil 359

  • G.R. No. 47900 March 15, 1941 - ANTONIO SALOMON, ET AL. v. SEVERA BOCAUTO, ET AL.

    071 Phil 363

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    G.R. No. 47661   March 12, 1941 - BOHOL LAND TRANSPORTATION CO. v. BLT EMPLOYEES LABOR UNION<br /><br />071 Phil 291

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    EN BANC

    [G.R. No. 47661. March 12, 1941.]

    BOHOL LAND TRANSPORTATION CO., Petitioner, v. BLT EMPLOYEES LABOR UNION, Respondent.

    Alvear & Agrava, for Petitioner.

    Jose Muaña, for Respondent.

    SYLLABUS


    1. EMPLOYEES AND EMPLOYERS; DISMISSAL OR LAY-OFF TAKING PLACE BEFORE CERTIFICATE OF DISPUTE; UNION ACTIVITIES; JURISDICTION OF COURT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS. — The dismissal or la-off might have taken place before the certification of the dispute by the Secretary of Labor to the Court of Industrial Relations, but we are of the opinion this circumstance does not affect the jurisdiction of that court to pass upon and determine the legality or propriety of the dismissal of lay-off if this question is involved in, or arise from, the dispute thus certified for cognizance and adjudication by the Court of Industrial Relations. On the other hand, from the findings made by the Court of Industrial Relations in reference to David Fernandez and Joaquin Mati-a, portions of which findings are quoted hereinbelow, it appears that their dismissal was on account of their union activities. Even limiting the prohibition to union activities of laborers and employers and employees under a strict interpretation, the subject-matter of the present controversy relates to unfair labor practice and is a controversy between employer and employees or laborers properly cognizable by the Court of Industrial Relations as an instrumentality created for the peaceful adjustment of disputes between capital and labor.


    D E C I S I O N


    LAUREL, J.:


    This is a petition for a writ of certiorari to review the decision of the Court of Industrial Relations dated April 20, 1940, and its resolution of July 31, 1940, denying petitioner’s motion for reconsideration, in so far as they ordered the reinstatement of the employees David Fernandez and Joaquin Matig-a.

    On December 4, 1939, the Secretary of Labor certified to the Court of Industrial Relations that an industrial dispute existed between the petitioner and certain of its employees who were members of the herein respondent, BLT Employees Labor Union, which was forthwith docketed as Case No. 140, and given the title BLT Employees Labor Union v. Bohol Land Transportation Company. This dispute involved several demands, but with the exception of the controversy relating to the reinstatement of ten employees who were previously dismissed, all the demands were amicably settled between the parties at the preliminary conferences held pursuant to the provisions of the second paragraph of section 4 of Commonwealth Act No. 103. Mr. Vicente Logarta, a special agent of the Court of Industrial Relations, was commissioned on December 6, 1939, to receive the evidence of the parties with respect to the reinstatement of the dismissed employees. On April 20, 1940, the Court of Industrial Relations promulgated its decision in which it ordered the reinstatement of three employees; namely, David Fernandez, Joaquin Matig-a and Facundo Capuno; and approved the action taken by the petitioner in dismissing the other employees mentioned in the decision. The petitioner agreed to the readmission of Facundo Capuno, but filed a motion for reconsideration with respect to David Fernandez and Joaquin Matig-a. This motion having been denied by the court in its resolution of July 31, 1940, the petitioner now applies to this Court for a writ of certiorari and makes the following assignment of errors:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "I. The Court of Industrial Relations erred in taking cognizance of the dismissal of the employees David Fernandez and Joaquin Matig-a.

    "II. The Court of Industrial Relations erred in finding that David Fernandez was dismissed because of his union activities."cralaw virtua1aw library

    Under the first assignment of error, the petitioner impugns the jurisdiction of the Court of Industrial Relations to take cognizance of the dispute relating to the dismissal of David Fernandez and Joaquin Matig-a, for the reason that their dismissal occurred prior to the certification of the dispute to the end to the said court. It is contention of the petitioner that where such dismissal does not take place during the pendency of an industrial dispute before the Court of Industrial Relations, and, therefore, not cognizable by said court under section 19 of Commonwealth Act No. 103, any dispute regarding the matter does not come within the jurisdiction of the said court for arbitration and settlement under section 4 of the same Act, as the same stood prior to its amendment by Commonwealth Act No. 559. The dismissal or lay-off have taken place before the certification of the dispute by the Secretary of Labor to the Court of Industrial Relations, but we are of the opinion this circumstance does not affect the jurisdiction of that court to pass upon and determine the legality or propriety of the dismissal or lay-off if this question is involved in, or arises from, the dispute thus certified for cognizance and adjudication by the Court of Industrial Relations. On the other hand, from the findings made by the Court of Idustrial Relations in reference to David Fernadez and Joaquin Matig-a, portions of which findings are quoted hereinbelow, it appears that their dismissal was on account of their union activities. Even limiting the prohibition to union activities of laborers and employees under a strict interpretation, the subject-matter of the present controversy relates to unfair labor practice and is a controversy between employer and employees or laborers properly cognizable by the Court of Industrial Relations as an instrumentality created for the peaceful adjustment of disputes between capital and labor.

    The second and third assignments of errors raise purely question of fact. With respect to David Fernandez, it appears that this employee was dismissed for his alleged abandonment of work and insubordination in refusing to go back to his former job as conductor when ordered to do so by the president of the petitioner company. The Court of Industrial relations, however, in its decision of April 20, 1940, found the following facts as established in connection with this incident:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "Que David Fernandez y Claudio Torreon, al ser readmitidos al servicio de la recurrida despues de la huelga de agosto 21, 1939, fueron nombrados como auxiliaries del Gerente del Trafico. Estuvieron ocupando este puesto hasta el 22 de septiembre, 1939, en que reciibieron ordenes de dejar aquel trabajo. En septiembre 24, 1939, o sea, dos dias despues de su suspension, se vieron con el Sr. W. C. Ogan, presidente de la Bohol Land Transportation Company, para preguntarle que iban ellos a hacer en vista de la orden suspendiendoles como "Assistant Dispatchers." El Sr. Ogan les instruyo entoces que volvieran a sus respectivos trucks como conductor, puesto que ocupaban antes de la huelga.

    "En aquella conferencia, Fernandez Torreon solicitaron verbalmente del Sr. Ogan permiso para ausentarse desde el septiembre 25, fecha en que precisamente ambos debian reanudar su trabajo como conductor. Fernandez ratifico su solicitud por escrito (Exhibito E de la recurrida.)

    "Es evidente, pues que cuando Fernandez dejo su trabajo el 22 de septiembre, 1939, lo hizo en obediencia a ordenes superiores y si no se presento a trabajar el 25 de septiembre como eran las intrucciones a el dadas por el mismo Mr. Ogan, ello fue porque tenia permiso para ausentarse. No puede la recurrida alegar ninguna razon valida en apoyo de su negativa a readmitir a este obrero a su servicio y el Tribunal no tiene otra alternativa sino declarar que semejante actitud suya esta inspirada por motivos de represalia y por su deseo de deshacerse del obrero Fernandez que fue un elemento valioso para mantener el espiritu de cuerpo, la cohesion y unidad de accion en las filas de los huelguistas en el conflicto de agosto 21, 1939."cralaw virtua1aw library

    As to Joaquin Matig-a, it is alleged by the petitioner that this employee was dismissed due to the suppression of his position as checker at the St. Joseph Junction for reasons of economy and for its having outgrown the necessity and wisdom of its continuance. The Court of Industrial Relations, however, founmd the contrary to be true as expressed in the following portion of its decision of April 20, 1940:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "El caso de Joaquin Matig-a es fundamentalmente distinto. Esta probado que este obrero es miembro de la Directiva de la union recurrente. Como tal fue uno de los organizadores de la huelga de agosto 21, 1939, durante la cual asumio la responsibilidad de mantener la paz y el orden entre la gente. Estaba al frente de los choferes y conductores huelguistas y era quien decidia la accion que estos debian tomar durante aquellos dias del conflicto.

    "Joaquin Matig-a tiene fama, aun entre los funcionarios de responsibilidad en la compañia recurrida, de ser unobrero arrojado. Tan es asi que de surgir la presente dispute, el Gerente Sr. castillo le estuvo dando trabajos que solo un hombre de arrojo y decision podia hacer y por esta fama llego a ser el mas temido de entre todos los huelguistas.

    "Por otro lado tambien aparece probado que el puesto de ’cheker’ en el St. Joseph Junction es necesario. Por esa estacion pasan todos los pasajeros que vienen del muelle de Tagbilaran. El garage central de la recurrida que tambien esta en Tagbilaran esta situado en un sitio aislado y para los propositos de la distribucion y regularizacion de las horas de viaje de los trucks de la compañia el St. Joseph’s Junction es el mas adecuado por estar situado en un sitio muy centrico. En esta encrucijada se detienen, en espera de los trucks que los lleven a sus respectivos destinos, los pasajeros que llegan a la isla y desembarcan en el muelle de Tagbilaran.

    "Ademas, cuando a Matig-a se le dio ordenes para dejar el trabajo no le dijeron que su puesto estaba suprimido. Los records demuestran que le presidente Sr. Ogan le dijo a Matig-a en la mañana del 29 de octubre, 1939: ’Esta Vd despedido . . .’ ’Porque yo quiro, queda Vd. despidido; no son necesarios sus servicios en la compañia. . .’ ’Cuando a Vd. se le dice que salga, Vd. debe salir’.

    "Al tiempo en que Matig-a dejaba al servicio, el puesto de ’checker’ en Antequera estaba vacante. No hay ninguna prueba de que este obrero haya sido negligente en sus deberes y haya cometido la mas leve falta contra los reglamentos de la recurrida que le haga merecedor de alguna medida disciplinaria."cralaw virtua1aw library

    We have already held in several cases that it is not for this Court to review the findings of fact made by the Court of Industrial Relations in the absence of a showing that it it has abused its discretion. (Central Azucarera de Tarlac v. The Court of Industrial Relations, G. R. No. 46843; Manila Electric Company v. National labor Union, G. R. No. 47279; Mindanao Bus Company Employees, G.R. Nos. 47544 & 47611.) Therefore, the conclusion of the said court that David Fernadez And Joaquin Matig-a were dismissed activity should not be disturbed.

    The writ is denied and the decision appealed from is hereby affirmed, with costs against the petitioner. So ordered.

    Imperial, Diaz, Moran and Horrilleno, JJ., concur.

    G.R. No. 47661   March 12, 1941 - BOHOL LAND TRANSPORTATION CO. v. BLT EMPLOYEES LABOR UNION<br /><br />071 Phil 291




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