Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > March 1909 Decisions > [G. R. No. 3678. March 19, 1909.] CELESTINA SANTOS, ET AL., Plaintiffs-Appellants, vs. JUANA MARQUEZ, ET AL., Defendants-Appellees. :




EN BANC

[G. R. No.  3678.  March 19, 1909.]

CELESTINA SANTOS, ET AL., Plaintiffs-Appellants, vs. JUANA MARQUEZ, ET AL., Defendants-Appellees.

 

D E C I S I O N

JOHNSON, J.:

This was an action by the Plaintiffs against the Defendants for the purpose of recovering from the Defendants the sum of 15,000 pesos. The undisputed facts seem to be as follows: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

First. The Plaintiffs were the only heirs of Dona Maria Jimenez, who died in the month of September, 1891, leaving all of her property to the said Plaintiffs.

Second. Of the Defendants, Juana Marquez was the wife of Don Pedro Jimenez, and the others are the legitimate children and only heirs of the said Pedro Jimenez and the said Juana Marquez.

Third. The record does not disclose when Don Pedro Jimenez died. It is to be presumed, however, from the record that he died sometime prior to the 1st day of January, 1889.

Fourth. At the time of the death of the said Pedro Jimenez, he was indebted to the said Doña Maria Jimenez in the sum of 20,000 pesos.

Fifth. That after the death of the said Pedro Jimenez his heirs, or the Defendants herein, executed and delivered to the said Maria Jimenez the following contract: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“We, Doña Juana Marquez and my sons, Don Buenaventura, Doña Eloisa, Don Pedro, and Doña Casimira, all of the surname Jimenez, declare, as far as on our part it is legally and extrajudicially possible, that: chanrobles virtualawlibrary jointly, and as constituting one sole family, we are the legitimate and general heirs of the second deceased, Don Pedro Jimenez, husband and father respectively of the exponents, and the legitimate owners of six parcels of land located in the visita of Baligan: chanrobles virtualawlibrary the first is hemp land, with an area of about half a pisoson, the boundaries of which are as follows: chanrobles virtualawlibrary lands of Don Jacinto Manuel and of Nicolas Laneta, Calle Real of the visita, and a small river; the second is also hemp land, with an area of about one pisoson, the boundaries of which are the following: chanrobles virtualawlibrary lands of Ramon Nunez, lands of Carlos Nano, lands of Eugenio Aguilar, and a small river; the third is also hemp land, with an area of about two pisosones, the boundaries of which are: chanrobles virtualawlibrary land of Antonio Mujal, the road leading to the visita, a small river, and land of Antonia Marquez; the fourth, the same as the foregoing, with an area of about half a pisoson, the boundaries of which are: chanrobles virtualawlibrary land of Don Guillermo Nieves, land of Antonia Marquez, land of Antonio Mujal, land of Eduardo Mortiga, and the road to the visita of Cotmon; the fifth, planted with hemp and cocoanuts, has an area of about seven  pisosones, the boundaries of which are: chanrobles virtualawlibrary lands of Eduardo Mortiga, Calixto Nasagao, Juan Aguilar, Pedro Moros, Francisco Flores, Benito Vivar, and Tomas Gomez; and the sixth is hemp land, with an area of about half a pisoson, the boundaries of which are as follows: chanrobles virtualawlibrary lands of Eulalio Ticui, Domingo Villaraza, Pedro Moros, and Francisco Flores. And inasmuch as, on account of our said general and legitimate succession, we are indebted to Doña Maria Jimenez in the sum of 20,000 pesos, we make a real and perpetual cession of the six parcels of land abovementioned in favor of our creditor Doña Maria Jimenez, on account of the said debt, to the extent of 1,800 pesos, which is the value of the said lands, and should the same be worth more, we make a donation thereof, inter vivos or nonreversible, in favor of the said Doña Maria Jimenez, to whom we deliver and convey the same with the exclusive use, profits, and benefits that appertain to them according to law, the said Doña Maria Jimenez taking possession thereof as the legitimate owner by title of lawful purchase, and we waiving all rules, privileges, and general provisions of law applicable to this contract.

“And as this document shows that the sum in which the lands herein described were assessed does not cover the amount owing, the balance, that is, 15,000 pesos, we jointly and severally bind ourselves to pay to Doña Maria Jimenez, or to her successors, all the sums which may be paid to us by our debtors, and in case our financial condition should improve, with or without the payments made by our debtors, we shall pay the balance still due at its maturity; and if, by reason of nonpayment by our debtors, or that our condition does not improve in such manner that we can pay our debt, the same shall be by this liquidation forever settled.

“In testimony whereof and of all the statements herein contained, to the fulfillment of which we are bound, we sign in duplicate this document together with Doña Maria Jimenez who also signs in evidence of her agreement hereto.

“Camalig, January 1, 1889. ”

The present action is based upon the foregoing contract.

After hearing the evidence adduced during the trial, which clearly supported the foregoing facts, the judge of the lower court rendered a decision which contained the following conclusion: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“The judgment of this court is that the obligation is still in force, and that the Defendants should pay it in the manner provided for in the conditional clause. But the writ for the execution of this decision cannot be issued until after it has been judicially determined that the Plaintiffs are entitled to collect the amount of the indebtedness according to this conditional clause or condition precedent.

“One-half of the costs of this suit shall be paid by the Plaintiffs and the other one-half by the Defendants. ”

From this conclusion of the lower court the Plaintiffs appealed, and made the following assignments of error: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“1.          The court erred in holding that the fulfillment of the obligation, which is the object of this suit, is subject to a condition precedent.

“2.          The court erred in holding that the financial condition of the Defendants had not improved since the time when the obligation herein litigated was assumed. ”

With reference to the first assignment of error, the Plaintiffs claim that the lower court committed an error in holding that the contract above quoted, and which constituted the basis of the Plaintiffs’ cause of action, contained una condition suspensiva. By reference to said contract it will be seen that one of its provisions is as follows: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“And as this document shows that the sum in which the herein described lands were assessed does not cover the amount indebted, the balance — that is, 15,000 pesos — we jointly and severally bind ourselves to pay to Doña Maria Jimenez, or to her successors, all the sums which may be paid to us by our debtors, and in case our financial condition should improve, with or without the payments made by our debtors, we shall pay the balance still due at its maturity; and if, by reason of nonpayment by our debtors, or that our condition does not improve in such manner that we can pay our debt, the same shall be by this liquidation forever settled. ”

From a reading of this clause of the contract it would seem to be clear that the promise of the Defendants was based upon one of two provisions: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

(a)          The collection of all or of a part at least of certain debts existing in favor of the said Pedro Jimenez, or

(b)          The improvement of the financial condition of the said Defendants.

The terms of this condition are in the alternative. It would seem therefore, that, if the Defendants had collected the said debts or had improved their financial condition, either one or the other, the conditional provision of the contract would become absolute and they would be liable in an action. There is nothing in the contract which indicates to what extent the financial condition of the Defendants should be improved they would be liable under that provision of their contract. Neither do we now pass upon that question, for the reason that the evidence clearly shows that their financial condition at the time of the trial of the cause, or at the time the action was commenced was no better than it was at the time of the making of the said contract (January 1, 1889). Neither do we pass upon the question as to how much of the said debts should be collected before the other condition of the contract should become absolute, for the reason that the evidence disloses beyond peradventure of doubt that the Defendants up to and including the time of the trial of said cause had been unable to collect any of said credits whatever.

No objection was made as to the validity of the contract. Neither does it seem that any could be made because neither by the terms of the contract nor the evidence adduced during the trial of the cause does it appear that its provisions were in contravention of law, morals, or public order.

At the death of Don Pedro Jimenez, the said Doña Maria Jimenez, in favor of whom said obligation existed, had the right to insist upon the payment of said obligation out of the estate of the said Pedro Jimenez. But, instead of insisting upon the payment of her claim out of the estate, she accepted the present contract in lieu of such right, thereby postponing the payment of her obligation against the estate of the said Pedro Jimenez until the compliance with the conditions mentioned in said contract.

 It is our opinion, and we so hold, that the right of the Plaintiffs to recover the sum mentioned in said contract depends upon the conditions mentioned therein. The Plaintiff having failed to show that one or the other of the conditions of said contract had been complied with, the action on the part of the Plaintiffs was immature, and therefore the judgment of the lower court is hereby reversed, and it is ordered that a judgment be rendered in favor of the Defendants and against the Plaintiffs, dismissing the said complaint without prejudice, with costs. SO ORDERED.

Arellano, C.J., Torres, Mapa and Carson, JJ., concur.

Willard, J., dissents.




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March-1909 Jurisprudence                 

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  • [G. R. No. 3876. March 27, 1909.] RUFINA YATCO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. JESUALDO GANA, Defendant-Appellee.

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  • [G. R. No. 4825. March 27, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. BERNARDO SANCHEZ, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4882. March 27, 1909.] RUPERTO MONTINOLA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL., Defendants-Appellees.

  • [G. R. No. 4937. March 27, 1909.] CRISPULO SIDECO, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. FRANCISCO PASCUA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4946. March 27, 1909.] THE MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL., Defendants. — Maria del Carmen Rodriguez, Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4966. March 27, 1909.] LUCIO BUZON, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 5074. March 27, 1909.] VICENTA FRANCO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. C. W. O’BRIEN, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4192. March 29, 1909.] DAVID SALVACION, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4559. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS GUISON Y SALCEDO, Petitioner-Appellee, vs. THE INSULAR GOVERNMENT, Respondent-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4952. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS OLINO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIANO MEDINA, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4329. March 30, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4226. March 31, 1909.] LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. CANDIDA OBED, Viuda de Gallegos, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4380. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4462. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4705. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ANTONINA LAMPANO and RAYMUNDO ZAPANTA, Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4885. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. VIDAL ROLDAN, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4894. March 31, 1909.] GEO WHALEN, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PASIG IRON WORKS, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4911. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL. ., Defendants-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 4978 March 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MELECIO MABILING

    013 Phil 70

  • G.R. No. 4761 March 2, 1909 - GUTIERREZ HERMANOS v. MARIANO FUENTEBELLA

    013 Phil 74

  • G.R. No. 4874 March 2, 1909 - MARIANO VELOSO v. ANICETA FONTANOSA

    013 Phil 79

  • G.R. No. 4899 March 2, 1909 - JUANA DIZON v. EDMUNDO ULLMANN

    013 Phil 88

  • G.R. No. 4443 March 4, 1909 - CHO CHUNG LUNG v. FIGUERAS HERMANOS

    013 Phil 93

  • G.R. No. 4929 March 5, 1909 - JUAN BUENCAMINO v. NICASIA VICEO

    013 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. 4979 March 5, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR ABLANA

    013 Phil 103

  • G.R. No. 3545 March 6, 1909 - REGINO ARISTON v. MANUEL CEA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 109

  • G.R. No. 3805 March 6, 1909 - ALBINO SARMIENTO v. IGNACIO VILLAMOR

    013 Phil 112

  • G.R. No. 4202 March 9, 1909 - MAMERTO GILLESANIA, ET AL. v. NICOLAS MENASALVAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 116

  • G.R. No. 4714 March 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EUSEBIO BURIAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 118

  • G.R. No. 5099 March 9, 1909 - ANGEL ORTIZ v. GRANT TRENT

    013 Phil 130

  • G.R. No. 5144 March 9, 1909 - BEHN, MEYER & CO., LTD. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF MANILA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 133

  • G.R. No. 4119 March 11, 1909 - EUGENIA PAGALARAN v. VALENTIN BALLATAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 135

  • G.R. No. 5000 March 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR SANTO NIÑO

    013 Phil 141

  • G.R. No. 5007 March 11, 1909 - SONG FO & CO. v. TIU CA SONG

    013 Phil 143

  • G.R. No. 5013 March 11, 1909 - JEREMIAH J. HARTY v. MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIA

    013 Phil 152

  • G.R. No. 5200 March 11, 1909 - VICENTE BANDOY v. JUDGE OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE

    013 Phil 157

  • G.R. No. 3894 March 12, 1909 - JUAN IBAÑEZ DE ALCOA v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. 4555 March 12, 1909 - SEVERO HERNANDO v. SEVERO SAMBRANO

    013 Phil 175

  • G.R. No. 4962 March 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE AGBAYANI

    013 Phil 178

  • G.R. No. 5030 March 12, 1909 - JUAN M. MANZANO v. JOSE TAN SUNCO

    013 Phil 183

  • G.R. No. 4802 March 13, 1909 - ANDRES PUIG, ET AL. v. ANTONIO MERCADO

    013 Phil 186

  • G.R. No. 4776 March 18, 1909 - MANUEL ORMACHEA TIN-CONGCO v. SANTIAGO TRILLANA

    013 Phil 194

  • G.R. No. 5002 March 18, 1909 - MARTIN BELEN, ET AL. v. ALEJO BELEN

    013 Phil 202

  • G.R. No. 3678 March 19, 1909 - CELESTINA SANTOS, ET AL. v. JUANA MARQUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 207

  • G.R. No. 4898 March 19, 1909 - SALVADOR GUERRERO v. LEOPOLDO TERAN

    013 Phil 212

  • G.R. No. 4114 March 20, 1909 - JUAN BRUSAS v. EUTIQUIO INFANTE

    013 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. 4861 March 20, 1909 - F. W. PRISING v. MILTON E. SPRINGER

    013 Phil 223

  • G.R. No. 2935 March 23, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. GEORGE I. FRANK

    013 Phil 236

  • G.R. No. 3643 March 23, 1909 - AMBROSIA POSTIGO v. DOLORES BORJAL

    013 Phil 240

  • G.R. No. 3683 March 23, 1909 - MARIANO PERFECTO v. MUNICIPALITY OF GUINOBATAN

    013 Phil 245

  • G.R. No. 4275 March 23, 1909 - PAULA CONDE v. ROMAN ABAYA

    013 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. 4610 March 23, 1909 - AGUSTIN GA. GAVIERES v. FLORA BROTO

    013 Phil 266

  • G.R. No. 4891 March 23, 1909 - SOFIA DEVESA v. CRISPIN ARBES

    013 Phil 273

  • G.R. No. 5045 March 23, 1909 - GUILLERMO BOWLER v. PASTRO ALCAZAR

    013 Phil 282

  • G.R. No. 4796 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SILVERIO PEREZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 287

  • G.R. No. 4912 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EMILIA GUY-SAYCO

    013 Phil 292

  • G.R. No. 5008 March 25, 1909 - IN RE: MANUELA AMANCIO TOMAS, ET AL. v. JORGE PARDO

    013 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. 3413 March 27, 1909 - POMPOSA BONJOC, ET AL. v. CANDELARIO CUISON

    013 Phil 301

  • G.R. No. 3876 March 27, 1909 - RUFINA YATCO v. JESUALDO GANA

    013 Phil 305

  • G.R. No. 4053 March 27, 1909 - IN RE: SERAFIN CANO URQUISA

    013 Phil 315

  • G.R. No. 4575 March 27, 1909 - TEODORICA ENDENCIA CUSAR v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 319

  • G.R. No. 4783 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO J. BUZON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 324

  • G.R. No. 4799 March 27, 1909 - AGRIPINO SEGOVIA v. PROVINCIAL BOARD OF ALBAY, ET AL.

    013 Phil 331

  • G.R. No. 4825 March 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BERNARDO SANCHEZ

    013 Phil 337

  • G.R. No. 4882 March 27, 1909 - RUPERTO MONTINOLA v. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 339

  • G.R. No. 4937 March 27, 1909 - CRISPULO SIDECO v. FRANCISCO PASCUA

    013 Phil 342

  • G.R. No. 4946 March 27, 1909 - MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY v. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 347

  • G.R. No. 4966 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO BUZON v. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 354

  • G.R. No. 5074 March 27, 1909 - VICENTA FRANCO v. C. W. O’BRIEN

    013 Phil 359

  • G.R. No. 4192 March 29, 1909 - DAVID SALVACION v. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION

    013 Phil 366

  • G.R. No. 4559 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS S. GUISON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 374

  • G.R. No. 4952 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS OLINO v. MARIANO MEDINA

    013 Phil 379

  • G.R. No. 4329 March 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 386

  • G.R. No. 4226 March 31, 1909 - LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. CANDIDA OBED, ET AL.

    013 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 4380 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 398

  • G.R. No. 4462 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 405

  • G.R. No. 4705 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ANTONINA LAMPANO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 409

  • G.R. No. 4885 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VIDAL ROLDAN

    013 Phil 415

  • G.R. No. 4894 March 31, 1909 - GEO WHALEN v. PASIG IRON WORKS

    013 Phil 417

  • G.R. No. 4911 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 424