Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > March 1909 Decisions > [G. R. No. 4799. March 27, 1909.] AGRIPINO SEGOVIA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PROVINCIAL BOARD of the Province of Albay et al., Defendants-Appellees. :




EN BANC

[G. R. No.  4799.  March 27, 1909.]

AGRIPINO SEGOVIA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PROVINCIAL BOARD of the Province of Albay et al., Defendants-Appellees.

 

D E C I S I O N

TORRES, J.:

On March 31, 1908, an information was filed with the Court of First Instance of Albay by the attorneys for Agripino Segovia against the provincial board of that province and Lucio Navarro, alleging that in the elections held on February 11, 1908, for the offices of president, vice-president, and councilors of the newly organized municipality of Albay, with the Plaintiff and said Lucio Navarro as candidates, the above-named provincial board, composed of Governor Chas. A. Reynolds, chairman, and Treasurer J. Q. A. Braden and Third Member Luis Thomas, sitting as a board of canvassers, in accordance with the provisions of Act No. 1582, in its meeting of February 17 above quoted, proceeded to a canvass of the votes cast in said elections, with the result that the exponent Agripino Segovia received 340 votes for the office of president, while the other candidate Lucio Navarro also received 340 votes for the same office, according to the statements filed by the board of inspectors. The election thus resulted in a tie, and in the meeting held on the 18th of said month, the board decided the tie by lot in favor of Navarro, against the protest of Plaintiff Segovia, and declared Navarro elected municipal president of Albay. Due protest was filed by Segovia with the Court of First Instance, and the latter, by an order dated March 14 of the same year, found that 333 votes were cast in favor of each candidate for the office of municipal president, and ordered the provincial board of canvassers to correct its canvass of the votes cast for the office of president of the newly organized municipality of Albay in accordance with the facts as proven. The Plaintiff on or about the 16th of March, requested the provincial board to advise him of the day and hour of the drawing of lots to decide the tie in accordance with the order of the court, in order that he, the Plaintiff, might be present thereat. Said board, while it decided to correct the statements relating to the canvass of the votes cast in said election in accordance with the order of the court, nevertheless refused to draw lots to decide the tie, pursuant to the said ruling, it being the legal duty of the provincial board, as a board of canvassers, under the provisions of said law, to draw lots to decide the tie between the candidates Segovia and Navarro, each of whom had received 333 valid and legal votes, and in the absence of appellate proceedings or a proper and speedy remedy to compel said provincial board to comply with the above-mentioned legal duty, the Plaintiff prayed the court to issue a mandamus ordering the Defendant members of the provincial board to draw lots as provided by the last paragraph of section 26, in its relation to sections 4 and 25 of the Election Law, in order to decide the tie between the contending candidates and to declare the successful candidate elected, with the costs and other legal expenses against the Defendants.

The Defendants having been summoned, counsel for Lucio Navarro demurred to the complaint on the ground that the complaint did not state facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action, nor show any unlawful noncompliance with duty on the part of the Defendants, to which might be applied the special relief sought.

The provincial fiscal, on behalf of the provincial board of Albay, also demurred to the complaint on the ground that the court had no jurisdiction of the proceedings, and that the complaint did not state facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action, it not being alleged what duty pertaining to the office held by the Defendants had not been complied with by them.

The court, under date of April 14, in passing upon the demurrers, issued an order to the effect that according to the allegations of the complaint it was not the duty of the provincial board to again decide the tie by lot, and sustained the demurrers as regards the second ground thereof, granting the Plaintiff leave to amend his complaint, if he so wished, to conform to the provisions of law and to set forth facts sufficient to constitute a cause of action; and should the Plaintiff fail to file an amended complaint within five days, reckoned from the date of the order of the court, the action would be dismissed with the costs against the Plaintiff. The latter excepted to said ruling and gave notice of his intention to bring the case to this court by bill of exceptions alleging that the order of the lower court was erroneous and contrary to law. The proper bill of exceptions having been certified, it was forwarded to the office of the clerk of this court.

This is an appeal by bill of exceptions brought before this court for a determination of the question of whether an exception by the Plaintiff to the ruling of the lower court sustaining a demurrer, can be submitted to the appellate court by bill of exceptions, notwithstanding the provisions of section 123 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Section 101 of said code is as follows: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“When a demurrer to any pleading is sustained, the party whose pleading is thus adjudged defective may amend his pleading within a time to be fixed by the court, with or without terms, as to the court shall seem just; but if the party fails to amend his pleading within the time limited or elects not to amend, the court shall render such judgment upon the subject-matter involved in the pleading and demurrer as the law and the facts of the case as set forth in the pleading warrant. . . . ”

When the demurrer to the complaint is sustained, the Plaintiff may except to the order sustaining said demurrer, but he is not allowed by the law of procedure to take an appeal before the Supreme Court by means of bill of exceptions.

The said exception if taken in due time will be taken down in the course of the trial and will be made part of the bill of exceptions to be prepared and presented as a result of the exception or appeal taken against the final judgment rendered in the case. Section 123 of said code says: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“No interlocutory or incidental ruling, order, or judgment of the Court of First Instance shall stay the progress of an action or proceeding therein pending; but only such ruling, order, or judgments as finally determines the action or proceeding; nor shall any ruling, order, or judgment be the subject of appeal to the Supreme Court until final judgment is rendered for one party or the other. ”

Until the rendition of final judgment in the action it is not proper to bring the case before the Supreme Court by bill of exceptions for its determination in the second instance.

When the complaint is stayed by an order allowing and sustaining a demurrer, the Plaintiff, having regard to his right to except to said order, is bound either to amend the complaint within the period designated in said order, or to give notice that he elects not to do so and insists upon his original complaint; and until the rendition of the final judgment of the court on the questions raised by said complaint and demurrer, he cannot take an appeal by bill of exceptions, which must contain the exception taken against the order sustaining the demurrer.

The bill of exceptions shall be perfected in the form provided by section 143 of the Code of Civil Procedure, which among other things provides: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“Upon the rendition of final judgment disposing of the action, either party shall have the right to perfect a bill of exceptions, for a review by the Supreme Court of all rulings, orders, and judgments made in the action, to which the party has duly excepted at the time of making such ruling, order, or judgment. . . . . ”

Thus, the bill of exceptions shall contain all the exception taken in due time to all the rulings, orders and decrees made in the course of the trial, in order that they, together with the final judgment may be reviewed by the Supreme Court.

Inasmuch as the bill of exceptions in this case was presented as the result of an exception to an interlocutory order sustaining a demurrer, which, according to section 123, shall not say the course of the proceeding, and as the court has not rendered final judgment in this action, it is therefore improper to present said bill of exceptions. (Following cased No. 3908, Serrano vs. Serrano. 9 Phil. Rep., 142, and No. 4489, Hontiveros vs. Abreu, 10 Phil. Rep., 213.)  cralaw

For the above considerations, it is hereby held that the appeal taken before the Supreme Court by bill of exceptions cannot be determined by this court. The costs are adjudged against the Appellant, and the case, together with a certified copy of this decision, will be remanded to the lower court. SO ORDERED.

Arellano, C.J., Mapa, Johnson, Carson and Willard JJ., concur.




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March-1909 Jurisprudence                 

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  • [G. R. No. 4825. March 27, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. BERNARDO SANCHEZ, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4882. March 27, 1909.] RUPERTO MONTINOLA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL., Defendants-Appellees.

  • [G. R. No. 4937. March 27, 1909.] CRISPULO SIDECO, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. FRANCISCO PASCUA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4946. March 27, 1909.] THE MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL., Defendants. — Maria del Carmen Rodriguez, Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4966. March 27, 1909.] LUCIO BUZON, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 5074. March 27, 1909.] VICENTA FRANCO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. C. W. O’BRIEN, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4192. March 29, 1909.] DAVID SALVACION, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4559. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS GUISON Y SALCEDO, Petitioner-Appellee, vs. THE INSULAR GOVERNMENT, Respondent-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4952. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS OLINO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIANO MEDINA, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4329. March 30, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

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  • [G. R. No. 4380. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4462. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4705. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ANTONINA LAMPANO and RAYMUNDO ZAPANTA, Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4885. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. VIDAL ROLDAN, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4894. March 31, 1909.] GEO WHALEN, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PASIG IRON WORKS, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4911. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL. ., Defendants-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 4978 March 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MELECIO MABILING

    013 Phil 70

  • G.R. No. 4761 March 2, 1909 - GUTIERREZ HERMANOS v. MARIANO FUENTEBELLA

    013 Phil 74

  • G.R. No. 4874 March 2, 1909 - MARIANO VELOSO v. ANICETA FONTANOSA

    013 Phil 79

  • G.R. No. 4899 March 2, 1909 - JUANA DIZON v. EDMUNDO ULLMANN

    013 Phil 88

  • G.R. No. 4443 March 4, 1909 - CHO CHUNG LUNG v. FIGUERAS HERMANOS

    013 Phil 93

  • G.R. No. 4929 March 5, 1909 - JUAN BUENCAMINO v. NICASIA VICEO

    013 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. 4979 March 5, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR ABLANA

    013 Phil 103

  • G.R. No. 3545 March 6, 1909 - REGINO ARISTON v. MANUEL CEA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 109

  • G.R. No. 3805 March 6, 1909 - ALBINO SARMIENTO v. IGNACIO VILLAMOR

    013 Phil 112

  • G.R. No. 4202 March 9, 1909 - MAMERTO GILLESANIA, ET AL. v. NICOLAS MENASALVAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 116

  • G.R. No. 4714 March 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EUSEBIO BURIAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 118

  • G.R. No. 5099 March 9, 1909 - ANGEL ORTIZ v. GRANT TRENT

    013 Phil 130

  • G.R. No. 5144 March 9, 1909 - BEHN, MEYER & CO., LTD. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF MANILA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 133

  • G.R. No. 4119 March 11, 1909 - EUGENIA PAGALARAN v. VALENTIN BALLATAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 135

  • G.R. No. 5000 March 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR SANTO NIÑO

    013 Phil 141

  • G.R. No. 5007 March 11, 1909 - SONG FO & CO. v. TIU CA SONG

    013 Phil 143

  • G.R. No. 5013 March 11, 1909 - JEREMIAH J. HARTY v. MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIA

    013 Phil 152

  • G.R. No. 5200 March 11, 1909 - VICENTE BANDOY v. JUDGE OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE

    013 Phil 157

  • G.R. No. 3894 March 12, 1909 - JUAN IBAÑEZ DE ALCOA v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. 4555 March 12, 1909 - SEVERO HERNANDO v. SEVERO SAMBRANO

    013 Phil 175

  • G.R. No. 4962 March 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE AGBAYANI

    013 Phil 178

  • G.R. No. 5030 March 12, 1909 - JUAN M. MANZANO v. JOSE TAN SUNCO

    013 Phil 183

  • G.R. No. 4802 March 13, 1909 - ANDRES PUIG, ET AL. v. ANTONIO MERCADO

    013 Phil 186

  • G.R. No. 4776 March 18, 1909 - MANUEL ORMACHEA TIN-CONGCO v. SANTIAGO TRILLANA

    013 Phil 194

  • G.R. No. 5002 March 18, 1909 - MARTIN BELEN, ET AL. v. ALEJO BELEN

    013 Phil 202

  • G.R. No. 3678 March 19, 1909 - CELESTINA SANTOS, ET AL. v. JUANA MARQUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 207

  • G.R. No. 4898 March 19, 1909 - SALVADOR GUERRERO v. LEOPOLDO TERAN

    013 Phil 212

  • G.R. No. 4114 March 20, 1909 - JUAN BRUSAS v. EUTIQUIO INFANTE

    013 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. 4861 March 20, 1909 - F. W. PRISING v. MILTON E. SPRINGER

    013 Phil 223

  • G.R. No. 2935 March 23, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. GEORGE I. FRANK

    013 Phil 236

  • G.R. No. 3643 March 23, 1909 - AMBROSIA POSTIGO v. DOLORES BORJAL

    013 Phil 240

  • G.R. No. 3683 March 23, 1909 - MARIANO PERFECTO v. MUNICIPALITY OF GUINOBATAN

    013 Phil 245

  • G.R. No. 4275 March 23, 1909 - PAULA CONDE v. ROMAN ABAYA

    013 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. 4610 March 23, 1909 - AGUSTIN GA. GAVIERES v. FLORA BROTO

    013 Phil 266

  • G.R. No. 4891 March 23, 1909 - SOFIA DEVESA v. CRISPIN ARBES

    013 Phil 273

  • G.R. No. 5045 March 23, 1909 - GUILLERMO BOWLER v. PASTRO ALCAZAR

    013 Phil 282

  • G.R. No. 4796 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SILVERIO PEREZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 287

  • G.R. No. 4912 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EMILIA GUY-SAYCO

    013 Phil 292

  • G.R. No. 5008 March 25, 1909 - IN RE: MANUELA AMANCIO TOMAS, ET AL. v. JORGE PARDO

    013 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. 3413 March 27, 1909 - POMPOSA BONJOC, ET AL. v. CANDELARIO CUISON

    013 Phil 301

  • G.R. No. 3876 March 27, 1909 - RUFINA YATCO v. JESUALDO GANA

    013 Phil 305

  • G.R. No. 4053 March 27, 1909 - IN RE: SERAFIN CANO URQUISA

    013 Phil 315

  • G.R. No. 4575 March 27, 1909 - TEODORICA ENDENCIA CUSAR v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 319

  • G.R. No. 4783 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO J. BUZON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 324

  • G.R. No. 4799 March 27, 1909 - AGRIPINO SEGOVIA v. PROVINCIAL BOARD OF ALBAY, ET AL.

    013 Phil 331

  • G.R. No. 4825 March 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BERNARDO SANCHEZ

    013 Phil 337

  • G.R. No. 4882 March 27, 1909 - RUPERTO MONTINOLA v. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 339

  • G.R. No. 4937 March 27, 1909 - CRISPULO SIDECO v. FRANCISCO PASCUA

    013 Phil 342

  • G.R. No. 4946 March 27, 1909 - MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY v. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 347

  • G.R. No. 4966 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO BUZON v. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 354

  • G.R. No. 5074 March 27, 1909 - VICENTA FRANCO v. C. W. O’BRIEN

    013 Phil 359

  • G.R. No. 4192 March 29, 1909 - DAVID SALVACION v. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION

    013 Phil 366

  • G.R. No. 4559 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS S. GUISON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 374

  • G.R. No. 4952 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS OLINO v. MARIANO MEDINA

    013 Phil 379

  • G.R. No. 4329 March 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 386

  • G.R. No. 4226 March 31, 1909 - LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. CANDIDA OBED, ET AL.

    013 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 4380 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 398

  • G.R. No. 4462 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 405

  • G.R. No. 4705 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ANTONINA LAMPANO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 409

  • G.R. No. 4885 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VIDAL ROLDAN

    013 Phil 415

  • G.R. No. 4894 March 31, 1909 - GEO WHALEN v. PASIG IRON WORKS

    013 Phil 417

  • G.R. No. 4911 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 424