Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence


Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1909 > March 1909 Decisions > [G. R. No. 4898. March 19, 1909.] SALVADOR GUERRERO, guardian of the minors Maria Manuela and Maria del Carmen Sanchez Muñoz, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LEOPOLDO TERAN, Defendant-Appellant. :




EN BANC

[G. R. No.  4898.  March 19, 1909.]

SALVADOR GUERRERO, guardian of the minors Maria Manuela and Maria del Carmen Sanchez Muñoz, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. LEOPOLDO TERAN, Defendant-Appellant.

 

D E C I S I O N

JOHNSON, J.:

On the 18th day of March, 1908, the Plaintiff commenced an action against the Defendant to recover the sum of P4,129. 56 and costs. This amount was claimed by the Plaintiff from the Defendant upon the theory that the Defendant had been the administrator of the estate of Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the 1st day of September, 1901, until the 22d day of October, 1906. The Plaintiff made a part of his complaint the following items of indebtedness: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

Difference, account of the property “Bonga”      P10. 55

Difference, account of the property “Basag”       218. 75

Difference, small accounts “Bonga” and “Basag”                8. 80

Difference, account estate of A. Sanchez              150. 00

Difference, account heirs of J. M. Ceballos           224. 81

Difference, account hemp of “La Trinidad”           82. 87

Difference, account workmen at “La Trinidad”    80. 70

Difference, account lates of Ligao             2. 00

Small accounts of “Bonga” and “Basag”  3,676. 84

Cost of 1 lamp and 1 barometer                33. 50

Workmen at “La Trinidad”            5,709. 90

Excess of salaries paid account general expenses at “La Trinidad”              670. 00

Account of cockpit           34. 15

Account “late Caualog”  220. 10

Account Jesus Teran       235. 92

Account Antonio Moreda             1,029. 83

                ————

Total      12,388. 72

 

In answer to the said complaint, the Defendant admitted certain allegations and denied others. The Defendant admitted that he owed the Plaintiff P188. 39 but claimed that the Plaintiff owed him the sum of P482. 14, and that the Plaintiff, therefore, still owed to the Defendant the difference between P188. 39 and P482. 14, or the sum of P293. 75, for which latter amount the Defendant prayed for judgment, with interest and costs against the Plaintiff.

After hearing the evidence adduced during the trial of the cause, the lower court found from the evidence that the Defendant, as administrator of the estate of Antonio Sanchez Muñoz, or that part of the said estate belonging to the Plaintiff, owed the Plaintiff the sum of P3,447. 46, with interest at 6 per cent until the same amount should be fully paid. From this decision of the lower court the Defendant appealed and made the following assignments of error: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

“1.          The court erred in holding that the Defendant, from September 17, 1901, to October 6, 1906, managed and administered the estate of Sanchez Muñoz as a judicial administrator or executor.

“2.          The court erred in holding that the Defendant was responsible to the Plaintiffs for the loans made to different persons for different accounts, and for credits against the persons mentioned in the complaint.

“3.          The court erred in declaring in the judgment that the difference in the weight of the scales was illegal.

“4.          And the court erred in sentencing the Defendant to pay the costs specified in the judgment. ”

With reference to the first above assignment of error, from the record to this court the following facts appear: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

First. That the Defendant Leopoldo Teran was, on the 17th day of September, 1901, appointed as administrator of said estate. The record also discloses that the Defendant entered into a bond in the sum of 10,000 dollars, gold, for the faithful performance of his duties as such representative of the estate of Antonio Sanchez Muñoz.

Second. The record further discloses that upon the 18th day of March, 1902, the Court of First Instance of the Province of Albay appointed Maria Munoz y Gomez as guardian for the said Maria Manuela and Maria del Carmen Sanchez Munoz, and that the said Maria Munoz y Gomez gave the required bond for the faithful performance of her duties as such guardian.

Third. While there are some indications in the record that the Defendant continued to act as the administrator of said estate after the appointment of the said Maria Munoz y Gomez, up to and including the 6th day of October, 1906, yet the fact exists and must be accepted as true that the said Maria Munoz Gomez was the actual representative of the said Maria Manuela and Maria del Carmen Sanchez Munoz in the administration of their interests in the estate of the said Antonio Sanchez Munoz, from and after the 18th day of March, 1902, until the 6th day of October, 1906, and therefore the said Maria Munoz y Gomez, as such guardian and administratrix of the estate of the said minors, must be held responsible for the property belonging to said minors during the period while she (Maria Munoz y Gomez) was the actual guardian of said minors.

Fourth. On the 6th day of October, 1906, the Court of First Instance of the Province of Albay, for the reason that the said Maria Munoz y Gomez was not a resident of the Philippine Islands at the time of her appointment (the 18th day of March, 1902) removed her as such guardian and appointed as guardian of said minors Felix Samson, and required from said Samson, as provisional guardian, a bond in the sum of P2,000. On the 18th day of October, 1906, the said Samson duly executed the bond as required.

From the order of the judge annulling the appointment of the said Maria Munoz y Gomez her lawyers appealed to the Supreme Court, which appeal was subsequently withdrawn. The order therefore revoking the appointment of the said Maria Munoz y Gomez became final. The mere fact, however, that she had been removed as said guardian did not relieve her, nor her bondsmen from liability to the minors during the time that she was duly acting as said guardian. It must be clear, therefore, that the said Maria Munoz y Gomez is responsible to said minors for the administration of their interests in the estate of the said Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the time of her acceptance of said appointment on the 18th day of March, 1902, up to the time of her removal on the 6th day of October, 1906. If during this time she allowed other persons to handle the property of her wards and if any mismanagement or loss occurred thereby, the responsibility must fall upon her. Unquestionably, she may have an action against the persons to whom she entrusted the direct management of said estate for any loss which they may have negligently and corruptly occasioned her. Therefore, if any loss occurred to the Plaintiff between the 18th day of March, 1902, and the 6th day of October, 1906, they have a right of action only against the said Maria Munoz Gomez as their legal guardian and under the law the administratrix of the property of their estate.

In the claim presented by the Plaintiff against the Defendant no dates are given showing the time of the particular loss or losses occasioned by the Defendant. As was said above, the Defendant was liable for losses only during the time that he was acting as the legal representative of the said minors in the management of their estate, from the 17th day of September, 1901, up to the time that he was superseded by the aid Maria Munoz y Gomez, on the 18th day of March, 1902. There is no proof showing that any of the losses constituting the amount which the Plaintiff claims occurred within this period. However, the Defendant acknowledged that of the amount claimed by the Plaintiff, he owes to them the sum of P188. 39.

There is no claim of any loss or that the estate has not been properly managed since the appointment of the said Felix Samson on the 6th day of October, 1906.

From a consideration of all of the evidence brought to this court, we reach the following conclusions: chanrobles virtualawlibrary

First. That the Defendant, Leopoldo Teran, was the duly appointed and recognized representative of the minors Maria Manuela and Maria del Carmen Sanchez Munoz in the administration of their interests in the estate of the said Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the 17th day of September, 1901, until the 18th day of March, 1902.

Second. That the said Doña Munoz y Gomez was the duly appointed representative of the said minors in the administration of their interests in the estate of the said Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the 18th day of March, 1902, until the 6th day of October, 1906.

Third. That the said Leopoldo Teran was responsible to the Plaintiff (the said minors) for the fruits and profits resulting from their interests in the estate of the said Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the said 17th day of September, 1901, to the 18th day of March, 1902.

Fourth. That the said Doña Maria Munoz y Gomez was responsible to the Plaintiff (the said minors) for the fruits and profits resulting from the management of the estate of the said Don Antonio Sanchez Munoz from the 18th day of March, 1902, until the 6th day of October, 1906.

The record not disclosing that any of the amounts claimed by the Plaintiff were due as a result of the management of the aid estate during the time while the said Defendant was administering their interests therein, except the sum of P188. 39, admitted to be due by the Defendant, we are of the opinion, and so hold, that the only amount which the Plaintiff is entitled to recover in this action is the said amount of P188. 39.

Doña Maria Munoz y Gomez was, as above indicated, removed upon the theory that her appointment was void because she did not reside in the Philippine Islands. There is nothing in the law which requires the courts to appoint residents only as administrators or guardians. However, notwithstanding the fact that there are no statutory requirements upon this question, the courts, charged with the responsibilities of protecting the estates of deceased persons, wards of the estate, etc., will find much difficulty in complying with this duty by appointing administrators and guardians who are not personally subject to their jurisdiction. Notwithstanding that there is no statutory requirement, the courts should not consent to the appointment of persons as administrators and guardians who are not personally subject to the jurisdiction of our courts here.

We deem it unnecessary to discuss the other assignments of error for the reason that there is no evidence in the record indicating any liability on the part of the Defendant other than his admission above indicated.

For the reasons above stated, the judgment of the lower court is hereby reversed, without any special finding as to costs.

Arellano, C.J., Torres and Mapa, JJ., concur.

Willard, J., concurs in the result.




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March-1909 Jurisprudence                 

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  • [G. R. No. 3876. March 27, 1909.] RUFINA YATCO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. JESUALDO GANA, Defendant-Appellee.

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  • [G. R. No. 4575. March 27, 1909.] TEODORICA ENDENCIA CUSAR, Petitioner-Appellee, vs. THE INSULAR GOVERNMENT, Respondent-Appellant.

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  • [G. R. No. 4799. March 27, 1909.] AGRIPINO SEGOVIA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PROVINCIAL BOARD of the Province of Albay et al., Defendants-Appellees.

  • [G. R. No. 4825. March 27, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. BERNARDO SANCHEZ, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4882. March 27, 1909.] RUPERTO MONTINOLA, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL., Defendants-Appellees.

  • [G. R. No. 4937. March 27, 1909.] CRISPULO SIDECO, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. FRANCISCO PASCUA, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4946. March 27, 1909.] THE MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL., Defendants. — Maria del Carmen Rodriguez, Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4966. March 27, 1909.] LUCIO BUZON, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 5074. March 27, 1909.] VICENTA FRANCO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. C. W. O’BRIEN, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4192. March 29, 1909.] DAVID SALVACION, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4559. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS GUISON Y SALCEDO, Petitioner-Appellee, vs. THE INSULAR GOVERNMENT, Respondent-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4952. March 29, 1909.] TOMAS OLINO, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. MARIANO MEDINA, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4329. March 30, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4226. March 31, 1909.] LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. CANDIDA OBED, Viuda de Gallegos, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4380. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4462. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL., Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4705. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. ANTONINA LAMPANO and RAYMUNDO ZAPANTA, Defendants-Appellants.

  • [G. R. No. 4885. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. VIDAL ROLDAN, Defendant-Appellant.

  • [G. R. No. 4894. March 31, 1909.] GEO WHALEN, Plaintiff-Appellant, vs. THE PASIG IRON WORKS, Defendant-Appellee.

  • [G. R. No. 4911. March 31, 1909.] THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellee, vs. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL. ., Defendants-Appellants.

  • G.R. No. 4978 March 1, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. MELECIO MABILING

    013 Phil 70

  • G.R. No. 4761 March 2, 1909 - GUTIERREZ HERMANOS v. MARIANO FUENTEBELLA

    013 Phil 74

  • G.R. No. 4874 March 2, 1909 - MARIANO VELOSO v. ANICETA FONTANOSA

    013 Phil 79

  • G.R. No. 4899 March 2, 1909 - JUANA DIZON v. EDMUNDO ULLMANN

    013 Phil 88

  • G.R. No. 4443 March 4, 1909 - CHO CHUNG LUNG v. FIGUERAS HERMANOS

    013 Phil 93

  • G.R. No. 4929 March 5, 1909 - JUAN BUENCAMINO v. NICASIA VICEO

    013 Phil 97

  • G.R. No. 4979 March 5, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR ABLANA

    013 Phil 103

  • G.R. No. 3545 March 6, 1909 - REGINO ARISTON v. MANUEL CEA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 109

  • G.R. No. 3805 March 6, 1909 - ALBINO SARMIENTO v. IGNACIO VILLAMOR

    013 Phil 112

  • G.R. No. 4202 March 9, 1909 - MAMERTO GILLESANIA, ET AL. v. NICOLAS MENASALVAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 116

  • G.R. No. 4714 March 9, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EUSEBIO BURIAS, ET AL.

    013 Phil 118

  • G.R. No. 5099 March 9, 1909 - ANGEL ORTIZ v. GRANT TRENT

    013 Phil 130

  • G.R. No. 5144 March 9, 1909 - BEHN, MEYER & CO., LTD. v. COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE OF MANILA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 133

  • G.R. No. 4119 March 11, 1909 - EUGENIA PAGALARAN v. VALENTIN BALLATAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 135

  • G.R. No. 5000 March 11, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICTOR SANTO NIÑO

    013 Phil 141

  • G.R. No. 5007 March 11, 1909 - SONG FO & CO. v. TIU CA SONG

    013 Phil 143

  • G.R. No. 5013 March 11, 1909 - JEREMIAH J. HARTY v. MUNICIPALITY OF VICTORIA

    013 Phil 152

  • G.R. No. 5200 March 11, 1909 - VICENTE BANDOY v. JUDGE OF THE COURT OF FIRST INSTANCE

    013 Phil 157

  • G.R. No. 3894 March 12, 1909 - JUAN IBAÑEZ DE ALCOA v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 159

  • G.R. No. 4555 March 12, 1909 - SEVERO HERNANDO v. SEVERO SAMBRANO

    013 Phil 175

  • G.R. No. 4962 March 12, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VICENTE AGBAYANI

    013 Phil 178

  • G.R. No. 5030 March 12, 1909 - JUAN M. MANZANO v. JOSE TAN SUNCO

    013 Phil 183

  • G.R. No. 4802 March 13, 1909 - ANDRES PUIG, ET AL. v. ANTONIO MERCADO

    013 Phil 186

  • G.R. No. 4776 March 18, 1909 - MANUEL ORMACHEA TIN-CONGCO v. SANTIAGO TRILLANA

    013 Phil 194

  • G.R. No. 5002 March 18, 1909 - MARTIN BELEN, ET AL. v. ALEJO BELEN

    013 Phil 202

  • G.R. No. 3678 March 19, 1909 - CELESTINA SANTOS, ET AL. v. JUANA MARQUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 207

  • G.R. No. 4898 March 19, 1909 - SALVADOR GUERRERO v. LEOPOLDO TERAN

    013 Phil 212

  • G.R. No. 4114 March 20, 1909 - JUAN BRUSAS v. EUTIQUIO INFANTE

    013 Phil 217

  • G.R. No. 4861 March 20, 1909 - F. W. PRISING v. MILTON E. SPRINGER

    013 Phil 223

  • G.R. No. 2935 March 23, 1909 - GOVERNMENT OF THE PHIL. v. GEORGE I. FRANK

    013 Phil 236

  • G.R. No. 3643 March 23, 1909 - AMBROSIA POSTIGO v. DOLORES BORJAL

    013 Phil 240

  • G.R. No. 3683 March 23, 1909 - MARIANO PERFECTO v. MUNICIPALITY OF GUINOBATAN

    013 Phil 245

  • G.R. No. 4275 March 23, 1909 - PAULA CONDE v. ROMAN ABAYA

    013 Phil 249

  • G.R. No. 4610 March 23, 1909 - AGUSTIN GA. GAVIERES v. FLORA BROTO

    013 Phil 266

  • G.R. No. 4891 March 23, 1909 - SOFIA DEVESA v. CRISPIN ARBES

    013 Phil 273

  • G.R. No. 5045 March 23, 1909 - GUILLERMO BOWLER v. PASTRO ALCAZAR

    013 Phil 282

  • G.R. No. 4796 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. SILVERIO PEREZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 287

  • G.R. No. 4912 March 25, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EMILIA GUY-SAYCO

    013 Phil 292

  • G.R. No. 5008 March 25, 1909 - IN RE: MANUELA AMANCIO TOMAS, ET AL. v. JORGE PARDO

    013 Phil 297

  • G.R. No. 3413 March 27, 1909 - POMPOSA BONJOC, ET AL. v. CANDELARIO CUISON

    013 Phil 301

  • G.R. No. 3876 March 27, 1909 - RUFINA YATCO v. JESUALDO GANA

    013 Phil 305

  • G.R. No. 4053 March 27, 1909 - IN RE: SERAFIN CANO URQUISA

    013 Phil 315

  • G.R. No. 4575 March 27, 1909 - TEODORICA ENDENCIA CUSAR v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 319

  • G.R. No. 4783 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO J. BUZON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 324

  • G.R. No. 4799 March 27, 1909 - AGRIPINO SEGOVIA v. PROVINCIAL BOARD OF ALBAY, ET AL.

    013 Phil 331

  • G.R. No. 4825 March 27, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. BERNARDO SANCHEZ

    013 Phil 337

  • G.R. No. 4882 March 27, 1909 - RUPERTO MONTINOLA v. LUCRECIO HOFILENA, ET AL.

    013 Phil 339

  • G.R. No. 4937 March 27, 1909 - CRISPULO SIDECO v. FRANCISCO PASCUA

    013 Phil 342

  • G.R. No. 4946 March 27, 1909 - MANILA RAILROAD COMPANY v. MARIA DEL CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ET AL.

    013 Phil 347

  • G.R. No. 4966 March 27, 1909 - LUCIO BUZON v. MAXIMO LICAUCAO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 354

  • G.R. No. 5074 March 27, 1909 - VICENTA FRANCO v. C. W. O’BRIEN

    013 Phil 359

  • G.R. No. 4192 March 29, 1909 - DAVID SALVACION v. EUSTAQUIO SALVACION

    013 Phil 366

  • G.R. No. 4559 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS S. GUISON v. INSULAR GOVERNMENT

    013 Phil 374

  • G.R. No. 4952 March 29, 1909 - TOMAS OLINO v. MARIANO MEDINA

    013 Phil 379

  • G.R. No. 4329 March 30, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. EPIFANIO MAGCOMOT, ET AL.

    013 Phil 386

  • G.R. No. 4226 March 31, 1909 - LA COMPANIA GENERAL DE TABACOS DE FILIPINAS v. CANDIDA OBED, ET AL.

    013 Phil 391

  • G.R. No. 4380 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ESTANISLAO ANABAN, ET AL.

    013 Phil 398

  • G.R. No. 4462 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGRIPINO ZABALLERO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 405

  • G.R. No. 4705 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. ANTONINA LAMPANO, ET AL.

    013 Phil 409

  • G.R. No. 4885 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. VIDAL ROLDAN

    013 Phil 415

  • G.R. No. 4894 March 31, 1909 - GEO WHALEN v. PASIG IRON WORKS

    013 Phil 417

  • G.R. No. 4911 March 31, 1909 - UNITED STATES v. AGUSTIN CONCEPCION, ET AL.

    013 Phil 424