ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™  
Main Index Law Library Philippine Laws, Statutes & Codes Latest Legal Updates Philippine Legal Resources Significant Philippine Legal Resources Worldwide Legal Resources Philippine Supreme Court Decisions United States Jurisprudence
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan's The Labor Code of the Philippines, Annotated Labor Standards & Social Legislation Volume I of a 3-Volume Series 2019 Edition (3rd Revised Edition)
 

 
Chan Robles Virtual Law Library
 









 

 
UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

 
PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT JURISPRUDENCE
 

   
May-1949 Jurisprudence                 

  • G.R. No. L-1674 May 9, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PABLO SOMERA

    083 Phil 548

  • G.R. No. L-1765 May 9, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARIO TANDUG

    083 Phil 551

  • G.R. No. L-1881 May 9, 1949 - MANILA TERMINAL COMPANY v. LA CORTE DE RELACIONES INDUSTRIALES

    083 Phil 559

  • G.R. No. L-1512 May 12, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. FEDERICO

    083 Phil 569

  • G.R. No. L-1900 May 12, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ALFREDO LACSON

    083 Phil 574

  • G.R. No. L-2064 May 12, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. ELIGIO TORRES

    083 Phil 595

  • G.R. No. L-1769 May 13, 1949 - PURITA PANAGUITON v. FLORENTINO PATUBO

    083 Phil 605

  • G.R. No. L-1833 May 13, 1949 - MEDARDO MUÑOZ v. EMILIO RILLORAZA

    083 Phil 609

  • G.R. No. L-792 May 14, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. E.C. CAÑADA

    083 Phil 612

  • G.R. No. L-1429 May 16, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. RICARDO AQUINO Y ABALOS

    083 Phil 614

  • G.R. No. L-1950 May 16, 1949 - LAO SENG HIAN v. NATIVIDAD ALMEDA LOPEZ

    083 Phil 617

  • G.R. No. L-2014 May 16, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BENJAMIN Z. YELO

    083 Phil 618

  • G.R. No. L-1212 May 18, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. CELESTINO BASA Y OTROS

    083 Phil 622

  • G.R. No. L-1918 May 18, 1949 - PEDRO L. FLORES v. PERFECTO R. PALACIO

    083 Phil 626

  • G.R. No. L-2484 May 18, 1949 - LEE KO v. DIONISIO DE LEON

    083 Phil 628

  • G.R. No. L-2117 May 19, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. APOLONIO SOMBILON

    083 Phil 631

  • G.R. No. L-1471 May 20, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JULIAN ORAZA

    083 Phil 633

  • G.R. No. L-1917 May 20, 1949 - CATALINO MAGLASANG v. CIRILO C. MACEREN

    083 Phil 637

  • G.R. No. L-2245 May 20, 1949 - AMBROSIO CARBUNGCO v. RAFAEL AMPARO

    083 Phil 638

  • G.R. No. L-2831 May 20, 1949 - BERNARDO TORRES v. MAMERTO S. RIBO

    083 Phil 642

  • G.R. No. L-432 May 23, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. IGNACIO CALINAWAN

    083 Phil 647

  • G.R. No. L-1795-6 May 23, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO VALDEZ

    083 Phil 650

  • G.R. No. L-1989 May 23, 1949 - JOSE REYES y RAMIREZ v. EL TRIBUNAL DE APELACION

    083 Phil 658

  • G.R. No. L-2203 May 23, 1949 - SAN MIGUEL BREWERY v. LA CORTE DE RELACIONES INDUSTRIALES

    083 Phil 663

  • G.R. No. L-2431 May 23, 1949 - CEFERINO TAVORA v. PEDRO OFIANA

    083 Phil 672

  • G.R. No. 213 May 24, 1949 - GENEROSA A. DIA v. FINANCE & MINING INVESTMENT CORP.

    083 Phil 675

  • G.R. No. L-1700 May 24, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. LORENZO MINTU

    083 Phil 678

  • G.R. No. L-2004 May 24, 1949 - PABLO COTAOCO v. RAFAEL DINGLASAN

    083 Phil 681

  • G.R. No. L-2251 May 24, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. ELISA TANDAG

    083 Phil 683

  • G.R. No. L-1980 May 25, 1949 - CIPRIANO SEVILLA v. CEFERINO DE LOS SANTOS

    083 Phil 686

  • G.R. No. L-944 May 26, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. FAUSTO AVILA

    083 Phil 687

  • G.R. No. L-1823 May 26, 1949 - GERONIMO DE LOS REYES v. ARTEMIO ELEPAÑO

    083 Phil 691

  • G.R. No. L-1825 May 26, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. EUGENIO BERSIDA

    083 Phil 696

  • G.R. No. L-2022 May 26, 1949 - GUIA S. J0SE DE BAYER v. ERNESTO OPPEN

    083 Phil 700

  • G.R. No. L-2161 May 26, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JAMES YOUNG

    083 Phil 702

  • G.R. No. L-2323 May 26, 1949 - M. A. ZARCAL v. S. HERRERO

    083 Phil 711

  • G.R. Nos. L-675 & L-676 May 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. NEMESIO LASTIMOSO

    083 Phil 714

  • G.R. No. L-1274 May 27, 1949 - PHIL. TRANSIT ASSN. v. TREASURER OF MANILA

    083 Phil 722

  • G.R. No. L-1394 May 27, 1949 - RAFAEL ROA YROSTORZA v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    083 Phil 727

  • G.R. No. L-1861 May 27, 1949 - RIZAL SURETY AND INSURANCE CO. v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN

    083 Phil 732

  • G.R. No. L-1869 May 27, 1949 - JOSE PIO BARRETTO v. N. ALMEDA LOPEZ

    083 Phil 734

  • G.R. No. L-2300 May 27, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. MARCELINO TUMAOB

    083 Phil 738

  • G.R. No. L-2382 May 27, 1949 - PABLO S. RIVERA v. FRANCISCO ARELLANO

    083 Phil 744

  • G.R. No. L-1606 May 28, 1949 - IN RE: YEE BO MANN v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    083 Phil 749

  • G.R. No. L-2309 May 28, 1949 - LOPE SARREAL v. SOTERO RODAS

    083 Phil 751

  • G.R. No. L-2518 May 28, 1949 - DONATA OLIVEROS DE TAN v. ENGRACIO FABRE

    083 Phil 755

  • G.R. No. L-2539 May 28, 1949 - JOSE P. MONSALE v. PAULINO M. NICO

    083 Phil 758

  • G.R. No. L-1511 May 30, 1949 - MIGUEL OJO v. JOSE V. JAMITO

    083 Phil 764

  • G.R. No. L-1550 May 30, 1949 - IN RE: FREDERICK EDWARD GILBERT ZUELLIG v. REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL.

    083 Phil 768

  • G.R. No. L-1609 May 30, 1949 - REMIGIO M. PEÑA v. FRANCISCO ARELLANO

    083 Phil 773

  • G.R. No. L-1686 May 30, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. SANTOS TOLEDO

    083 Phil 777

  • G.R. No. L-1723 May 30, 1949 - LUZ MARQUEZ DE SANDOVAL v. VICENTE SANTIAGO

    083 Phil 784

  • G.R. No. L-1978 May 30, 1949 - EL PUEBLO DE FILIPINAS v. ANTONIO ORCULLO Y OTROS

    083 Phil 787

  • G.R. No. L-1996 May 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALIP JULMAIN

    083 Phil 793

  • G.R. No. L-2031 May 30, 1949 - HERMOGENES C. LIM v. RESTITUTO L. CALAGUAS

    083 Phil 796

  • G.R. No. L-2069 May 30, 1949 - LUZON BROKERAGE CO. v. LUZON LABOR UNION

    083 Phil 801

  • G.R. No. L-2083 May 30, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SALVADOR MALIG

    083 Phil 804

  • G.R. No. L-2098 May 30, 1949 - PIO MARQUEZ v. ARSENIO PRODIGALIDAD

    083 Phil 813

  • G.R. No. L-2099 May 30, 1949 - JOSE ONG v. BIENVENIDO A. TAN

    083 Phil 834

  • G.R. No. L-2130 May 30, 1949 - FRANCISCO SANCHEZ v. PEDRO SERRANO

    083 Phil 838

  • G.R. No. L-2132 May 30, 1949 - JUAN SAVINADA v. J. M. TUASON & CO.

    083 Phil 840

  • G.R. No. 49102 May 30, 1949 - W.C. OGAN v. BIBIANO L. MEER

    083 Phil 844

  • G.R. No. L-1104 May 31, 1949 - EASTERN THEATRICAL CO. v. VICTOR ALFONSO

    083 Phil 852

  • G.R. Nos. L-1264 & L-1265 May 31, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. TIMOTEO SAGARIO

    083 Phil 862

  • G.R. No. L-1271 May 31, 1949 - BENIGNO DEL RIO v. CARLOS PALANCA TANGUINLAY

    083 Phil 867

  • G.R. No. L-1281 May 31, 1949 - JOSEPH E. ICARD v. CITY COUNCIL OF BAGUIO

    083 Phil 870

  • G.R. No. L-1298 May 31, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. PEDRO SANTOS BALINGIT

    083 Phil 877

  • G.R. No. L-1299 May 31, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. JACOB J. LOEWINSOHN

    083 Phil 882

  • G.R. No. L-1827 May 31, 1949 - ALFREDO CATOLICO v. IRINEO RANJO

    083 Phil 885

  • G.R. No. L-1927 May 31, 1949 - CRISTOBAL ROÑO v. JOSE L. GOMEZ

    083 Phil 890

  • G.R. No. L-1952 May 31, 1949 - FRANCISCO R. VlLLAROMAN v. FLORENTINO J. TECHICO

    083 Phil 901

  • G.R. No. L-2108 May 31, 1949 - PAMPANGA BUS CO. v. LUIS G. ABLAZA

    083 Phil 905

  • G.R. No. L-2252 May 31, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. BARTOLOME BEDIA

    083 Phil 909

  • G.R. No. L-2253 May 31, 1949 - PEOPLE OF THE PHIL. v. SERVANDO MANIEGO

    083 Phil 916

  • G.R. No. L-2283 May 31, 1949 - MARINA TAYZON and FLORDELIZA G. ANGELES v. RAMON YCASIANO

    083 Phil 921

  • G.R. No. L-2326 May 31, 1949 - FERNANDO ALEJO v. MARIANO GARCHITORENA

    083 Phil 924

  • G.R. No. L-2351 May 31, 1949 - FRANCISCO ARGOS v. DOMINADOR VELOSO

    083 Phil 929

  • G.R. No. L-2377 May 31, 1949 - REPUBLIC OF THE PHIL. v. JUSTA G. VDA. DE GUIDO

    083 Phil 934

  • G.R. No. L-2450 May 31, 1949 - VERONICA RUPERTO v. CEFERINO FERNANDO

    083 Phil 943

  •  





     
     

    G.R. No. L-1952   May 31, 1949 - FRANCISCO R. VlLLAROMAN v. FLORENTINO J. TECHICO<br /><br />083 Phil 901

     
    PHILIPPINE SUPREME COURT DECISIONS

    SECOND DIVISION

    [G.R. No. L-1952. May 31, 1949.]

    FRANCISCO R. VlLLAROMAN, Petitioner, v. FLORENTINO J. TECHICO, Respondent.

    Vicente J. Francisco for Petitioner.

    Techico & Gonzalez for Respondent.

    SYLLABUS


    1. FORCIBLE ENTRY AND UNLAWFUL DETAINER; DURATION OF LEASE; WHEN RENTAL AGREED UPON BEING MONTHLY; DOCTRINE REITERATED. — "There being no fixed term for the lease and the rental agreed upon being monthly, the lease must be deemed from month and may be terminated after each month with due notice served upon the lessee." (Roque v. Cavestani de los Santos, L-218, August 8, 1946.)

    2. ID.; LEASED PREMISES WHEN COMMERCIAL, COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 689 AS AMENDED NOT APPLICABLE. — When the leased premises is devoted to commercial purposes, the provisions of Commonwealth Act No. 689, as amended by Republic Act No. 66, which refer to buildings used for residential purposes, are not applicable.


    D E C I S I O N


    MONTEMAYOR, J.:


    The plaintiff, Francisco R. Villaroman, is the owner of a row of apartments located on Magdalena Street, City of Manila, among which are apartments Nos. 1324 and 1328, occupied, respectively, by Florentino J. Techico, defendant in civil case No. 71334, and Jose de Leon defendant in civil case No. 71335 (both cases, of the Court of First Instance of Manila). Claiming that Techico, without having any contract with him or his overseer, occupied and took possession of apartment No. 1324, Villaroman has filed an action against him in the municipal court of the City of Manila for forcible entry, to recover possession thereof for the reason that he needed it for his own use. The Court of First Instance of Manila found that plaintiff had knowledge and even consented to the occupancy of said apartment by defendant Techico on the expectation that the latter would pay him reasonable rental for the same, and that, inasmuch as the defendant failed to pay a fair rental, considering the fact that the apartment was in a commercial district, being in front of Bambang market, the plaintiff sought to eject him from it. The Court of First Instance further found that the reasonable rental of the apartment was P100 a month. Consequently, it ordered the defendant to vacate the premises in question and to pay the sum of P100 per month as rental from March 11, 1945, up to the time the defendant shall have surrendered the premises to the plaintiff. On second motion for reconsideration by the defendant, and after reviewing the evidence, the Court of First Instance found that the plaintiff did not really need the premises for his own use but that he wanted it only to be remodelled, he having in the meantime allowed new tenants to occupy his other apartments. Because of this, the Court approved the petition of the defendant that he be allowed to continue staying in the apartment occupied by him, paying the sum of P100 a month fixed by the Court, the latter holding that Techico "may stay in the premises occupied by him if and when he pays the rentals" fixed by the Court "until such time that the plaintiff shall declare, by means of an affidavit to that effect, that the whole building is ready for remodelling and that all the tenants are vacating the premises for that purpose." The plaintiff appealed the case to the Court of Appeals, which court modified the decision appealed from only by raising the monthly rental of the apartment from P100 to P150, considering the commercial nature of the premises in question. The plaintiff has brought this case to the Supreme Court on appeal through certiorari, making the following assignment of errors:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "1. The Court of Appeals erred in allowing defendant-appellee to remain in possession of the premises indefinitely upon paying a monthly rental of P150.

    "2. The Court of Appeals erred in applying indirectly the provisions of Commonwealth Act No. 689, as amended by Republic Act No. 66, to the instant case.

    "3. The Court of Appeals erred in fixing the reasonable rental of the premises at P150 monthly, in spite of its finding that other similar and adjoining apartments are renting at P200."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The facts in this case, as found by the trial court as well as the Court of Appeals, show that, although the defendant-appellee occupied the apartment in question with the knowledge and consent of the owner, plaintiff-appellee, there was no agreement between the parties as to the duration of the lease or as to the amount of the rental per month. The case, therefore, comes under the provisions of article 1581 of the Civil Code which reads as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "ART. 1581. In default of an agreement as to the duration of the lease, it is understood as being from year to year, when an annual rent has been fixed; from month to month, when the rent is monthly; and from day to day when it is daily.

    "In any case the lease shall terminate without necessity of a special notice, upon the expiration of the term."cralaw virtua1aw library

    The rental being monthly, and both the trial court and the Court of Appeals, in view thereof, have fixed the amount of said rental at P100 and P150, respectively, the case should be considered as from month to month and may be terminated by the plaintiff at the end of each and any month. Interpreting article 1581 of the Civil Code, we find several decisions of this Court in support of this view, as follows:jgc:chanrobles.com.ph

    "There being no fixed term for the lease and the rental agreed upon being monthly, the lease must be deemed from month to month and may be terminated after each month with due notice served upon the leasee. (Roque v. Cavestani de los Santos, L-218, August 8, 1946.) 1

    "Under article 1581 of the Civil Code, the right of the landlord to end the lease after every month, if the rent is monthly, cannot be defeated by the tenant’s timely payment of the rent or by his willingness to continue doing so. In other words, the landlord may terminate the lease for any reason other than default in the payment of the rent. (Ramirez v. Reyes, 77 Phil., 1030.)

    "Considering that the lease was not for a definite period and that the rental was paid monthly, the duration of the contract must, according to the Civil Code, be considered on a month to month basis, terminating at the end of each month, without necessity of special demand (article 1581). The notice given by appellees on March 10, 1945 (Exhibit 2), confirmed by the formal demand to vacate made on March 27, 1945, operated to prevent the renewal of the lease from and after April, 1945. Hence, the plaintiffs-appellees became entitled to possession from April, 1945 (Villanueva v. Canlas, 77 Phil., 381; Vda. de Ordoñez v. Angkiangco, 77 Phil., 387)." (Borja v. Bautista, CA — G. R. No. 7-R G. R. No. L-97], Jan. 17, 1947.)

    The apartment above referred to being commercial, it being partly used by the defendant as a drug store, the provisions of Commonwealth Act No. 689, as amended by Republic Act No. 66, which refer only to buildings used for residential purposes, are not applicable.

    As regards the amount of rental fixed by the Court of Appeals in the sum of P150 a month, it may be stated that this is a question of fact included in the finding by the Court of Appeals, which may not be reviewed by this Court. The fact that adjoining similar apartments of the appellant are renting for no less than P200 a month, as found by the Court of Appeals, should not and could not affect the conclusion of said court that P150 was a reasonable value for the use of the apartment in question, for the reason that said court itself was of the opinion that the rental of P200 being paid for adjoining similar apartments of the appellant was somewhat excessive.

    In view of the foregoing, and modifying the decision appealed from, the defendant-appellee is hereby ordered to vacate the apartment in question and to pay the plaintiff P150 per month as rental from March 11, 1945, until he shall have actually vacated the apartment, with costs against the Appellant.

    Ozaeta, Paras, Feria, Pablo, Perfecto, Bengzon, Tuason, and Reyes, JJ., concur.

    Endnotes:



    1. Unreported.

    G.R. No. L-1952   May 31, 1949 - FRANCISCO R. VlLLAROMAN v. FLORENTINO J. TECHICO<br /><br />083 Phil 901


    Back to Home | Back to Main

     

    QUICK SEARCH

    cralaw

       

    cralaw



     
      Copyright © ChanRobles Publishing Company Disclaimer | E-mail Restrictions
    ChanRobles™ Virtual Law Library | chanrobles.com™
     
    RED